Yan Y.-G.,Nanjing Drumtower Hospital |
Wang D.-J.,Nanjing Drumtower Hospital |
Zhong W.,Nanjing Drumtower Hospital |
Li Q.-G.,Nanjing Drumtower Hospital |
Qing Z.,Nanjing Drumtower Hospital
Journal of Clinical Rehabilitative Tissue Engineering Research | Year: 2010
BACKGROUND: Neurological complications after coronary artery bypass grafting still have a high incidence rate, and the etiology is multiple. OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively investigate the occurrence and relevant factors of severe neurological complications after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: A total of 761 consecutive patients with undergoing CABG were included in this study from September 2002 to August 2009 at the Nanjing Drumtower Hospital, including 443 males and 318 females, aged from 32-89 years. All patients were grouped according to age(more than or less than 70-year-old) and on pump or off pump coronary surgery. Disclose the relationship between the risk factors and the neurological complications by statistics analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Totally 41 patients had serious neurological complications in this study. There was a higher complication incidence in ≥70-year-old group patients (n = 22) than < 70-year-old group (n = 19)(14.9% vs. 3.1%, P < 0.001). The neurological complications incidence was similar in on-Pump CABG group (n = 7) and off-Pump CABG group (n = 34) (5.3% vs. 5.4%, P=0.39). The incidence rate of severe neurological complications was high in carotid artery stenosis > 50% patients. A total of 8 cases died, 2 for massive hemorrhage of gastrointestinal tract; 1 for severe sepsis; 4 for multiple organ dysfunction syndrome; 1 for epilepsia gravior postoperatively. Finally, 33 cases survived. The average time of follow up was 3 years, 3 cases died, 3 cases recovery from limitation of limb or hand movement partly, and 1 case had severe mental retardation. Results displayed that elderly patients(≥ 70 years) undergoing CABG are at higher risk of neurological dysfunction. Carotid artery stenosis is the most risk factor. There are no significant effects on postoperative complications between on-pump CABG and off-pump CABG.
PubMed | Nanjing Drumtower Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer | Year: 2010
To maximize the preservation of functional pulmonary parenchyma, extend the indication of lung cancer operation and improve the life quality of patients with central lung cancer, reconstruction of carina, bronchoplasty and arterioplasty are widely used with good efficacy. The aim of this study is to summarize the clinical results of reconstruction of carina, bronchoplasty and arterioplasty in the treatment of 79 patients with central lung cancer.From June, 1988 to June, 2005, reconstruction of carina, bronchoplasty and arterioplasty were carried out in 79 patients with central lung cancer. The ope- rations included single sleeve lobectomy in 58 cases, double sleeve lobectomy in 15 cases, carinal resection and reconstruction in 6 cases.There was no operative death in this series. Seven patients had operative complications and the operative complication rate was 8.86% (7/79). The 1-, 3-, 5- and 10-year survival rates were 78.5%, 59.5%, 35.4% and 17.7% respectively.Reconstruction of carina, bronchoplasty and arterioplasty can significantly protect pulmonary function, improve the prognosis and increase the curative rate and long term survival in patients with central lung cancer.