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Nanjing, China

Nanjing Agricultural University, NAU, is a public university located in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China. It offers courses in agriculture and science. Wikipedia.

Dou D.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Zhou J.-M.,CAS Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology
Cell Host and Microbe | Year: 2012

Phytopathogenic bacteria, fungi, and oomycetes invade and colonize their host plants through distinct routes. These pathogens secrete diverse groups of effector proteins that aid infection and establishment of different parasitic lifestyles. Despite this diversity, a comparison of different plant-pathogen systems has revealed remarkable similarities in the host immune pathways targeted by effectors from distinct pathogen groups. Immune signaling pathways mediated by pattern recognition receptors, phytohormone homeostasis or signaling, defenses associated with host secretory pathways and pathogen penetrations, and plant cell death represent some of the key processes controlling disease resistance against diverse pathogens. These immune pathways are targeted by effectors that carry a wide range of biochemical functions and are secreted by completely different pathogen groups, suggesting that these pathways are a common battleground encountered by many plant pathogens. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Source

Chen Z.J.,University of Texas at Austin | Chen Z.J.,Nanjing Agricultural University
Nature Reviews Genetics | Year: 2013

Heterosis, also known as hybrid vigour, is widespread in plants and animals, but the molecular bases for this phenomenon remain elusive. Recent studies in hybrids and allopolyploids using transcriptomic, proteomic, metabolomic, epigenomic and systems biology approaches have provided new insights. Emerging genomic and epigenetic perspectives suggest that heterosis arises from allelic interactions between parental genomes, leading to altered programming of genes that promote the growth, stress tolerance and fitness of hybrids. For example, epigenetic modifications of key regulatory genes in hybrids and allopolyploids can alter complex regulatory networks of physiology and metabolism, thus modulating biomass and leading to heterosis. The conceptual advances could help to improve plant and animal productivity through the manipulation of heterosis. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. Source

Xue J.,Nanjing Agricultural University
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2013

It is a good solution to produce biodiesel by using waste edible oils (WEO), such as waste cooking oils and used frying oils, due to its low cost, disposal problems and potential contamination. Therefore, WEO biodiesels has been gradually produced, and thus applied to study their effects on engine performances and emissions. However, few reviews about these studies have been published to assist understanding and popularization for WEO biodiesels so far. This paper attempts to cite and analyze highly rated journals in scientific indexes about combustion characteristics, engine power, economy, regulated emissions and non-regulated emissions of WEO biodiesels on diesel engine. The use of WEO biodiesels leads to the slight difference in combustion characteristics such as ignition delay, rate of pressure rise, peak pressure and heat release rate, and the substantial reduction in PM, HC and CO emissions accompanying with the imperceptible power loss, the increase in fuel consumption and NOx emission on conventional diesel engines with no or fewer modification, compared to diesel. Although the inconsistent conclusions have been made on CO2 emission of biodiesels from WEO, it reduces greatly from the view of the life cycle circulation of CO2. For non-regulated emissions, the reduction appears for PAH emissions but carbonyl compounds emissions have discordant results for WEO biodiesels. Therefore, WEO biodiesels have the similar combustion characteristics, engine performances and emissions to that of biodiesels from food-grade oils, and the blends of WEO biodiesel with small content by volume could replace the petroleum-based diesel fuel to help in controlling air pollution, encouraging the collection and recycling of waste edible oil to produce biodiesels and easing the pressure on scarce resources to a great extent without significantly sacrificing engine power, economy and emissions. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

A compound represented by formula (I), or (II), or a salt thereof, for eradicating weeds.

Nanjing Agricultural University and Plant Bioscience Ltd | Date: 2015-03-10

The invention relates to transgenic plants with improved growth and nitrogen use efficiency expressing nitrate transporter gene, methods of making such plants and methods for improving growth and nitrogen use efficiency.

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