Nanhai Entry Exit Inspection and Quarantine

Foshan, China

Nanhai Entry Exit Inspection and Quarantine

Foshan, China
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Xu W.,CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanology | Yan W.,CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanology | Li X.,Hong Kong Polytechnic University | Zou Y.,Nanhai Entry Exit Inspection and Quarantine | And 6 more authors.
Environmental Pollution | Year: 2013

Ten antibiotics belonging to three groups (macrolides, fluoroquinolones and sulfonamides) were investigated in riverine runoff of the Pearl River Delta (PRD) and Pearl River Estuary (PRE), South China for assessing the importance of riverine runoff in the transportation of contaminants from terrestrial sources to the open ocean. All antibiotics were detected in the eight outlets with concentrations ranging from 0.7 to 127 ng L-1. The annual mass loadings of antibiotics from the PRD to the PRE and coast were 193 tons with 102 tons from the fluoroquinolone group. It showed that antibiotics decreased from the riverine outlets to the PRE and open ocean. Risk assessment showed that most of these antibiotics showed various ecological risks to the relevant aquatic organisms, in which ofloxacin (OFL), erythromycin (ETM) and ciprofloxacin (CIP) posed high ecological risks to the studied aquatic environments. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Zhang R.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry | Zhang R.,CAS Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research | Zhang G.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry | Zhang G.,CAS Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research | And 6 more authors.
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety | Year: 2012

The presence of thirteen antibiotics categorized into four different groups (fluoroquinolones, macrolides, sulfonamides and trimethoprim) was investigated in the rivers discharging to the Laizhou Bay and the seawater of the bay, and the impacts of river discharge on the marine environment were assessed. The results revealed that the same antibiotics predominated in both the river water and the seawater. Additionally, the detected antibiotics in the river water were generally higher than those in the inner bay and in the open bay, reflecting the importance of the riverine inputs as a source of antibiotics. Risk assessment based on the calculated risk quotients (RQ) showed that enoxacin, ciprofloxacin, and sulfamethoxazole in the two aquatic environments both posed high ecological risks (RQ>1) to the most sensitive aquatic organisms Vibrio fischeri, Microcystis aeruginosa and Synechococcus leopoliensis, respectively. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.


Zhang R.,CAS Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research | Zhang R.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry | Zhang R.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Zhang G.,CAS Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research | And 8 more authors.
Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management | Year: 2012

Eleven selected antibiotics in the East River, South China, were measured using high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-EI-MS-MS). Erythromycin, roxitromycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin, sulfadimidine, sulfamethoxazole, sulfadiazine and trimethoprim were detected with frequencies of more than 75%, and average concentrations ranging from 0.9 to 67.4 ng l-1. The other three compounds' (sulfathiazole, sulfacetamide and spiramycin) concentrations were below detection limits. In general, the concentrations of sulfonamides and trimethoprim were higher than those of macrolides. The concentrations of macrolides showed a spatial distribution pattern of delta > lower reach > middle reach (or urban area > agriculture area), while sulfonamides and trimethoprim did not have a significant spatial pattern. Principal component analysis and comparison with wastewater were further used to explore source information of the antibiotics. The results suggested that macrolides in the East River were mainly associated with domestic sewage, while sulfonamides and trimethoprim may be more related to agriculture wastewater, especially livestock industrial wastewater. It is suggested that to ensure/improve the drinking water quality in the region, a better pollution control of livestock industry in the lower and middle reaches is of critical importance. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


Zhang R.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry | Zhang R.,CAS Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research | Tang J.,CAS Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research | Li J.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry | And 7 more authors.
Environmental Pollution | Year: 2013

The ocean is an important sink of land-based pollutants. Previous studies showed that serious antibiotic pollution occurred in the coastal waters, but limited studies focused on their presence in offshore waters. In this study, eleven antibiotics in three different categories were investigated in offshore waters of the Bohai Sea and the Yellow Sea in China. The results indicated that three antibiotics dehydration erythromycin, sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim occurred throughout the offshore waters at concentrations of 0.10-16.6 ng L -1 and they decreased exponentially from the rivers to the coastal and offshore waters. The other antibiotics all presented very low detection rates (<10%) and concentrations (<0.51 ng L-1). Although the concentrations were very low, risk assessment based on the calculated risk quotients (RQs) showed that sulfamethoxazole, dehydration erythromycin and clarithromycin at most of sampling sites posed medium or low ecological risks (0.01 < RQ < 1) to some sensitive aquatic organisms, including Synechococcus leopoliensis and Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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