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Nanfang, China

Zhang Y.,Nanfang Hospital
Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University | Year: 2012

To investigate the anti-apoptotic effect of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) in the placenta of rats with preeclampsia-like symptoms. Thirty pregnant Wistar rats were randomized equally into 3 groups and received subcutaneous saline injection (control group), 200 mg/kg L-NAME injection to induce preeclampsia symptoms (PE group), or L-NAME with 40 μl/kg LMWH injections (LMWH group). The blood pressure, urine protein, the number of pups and the weight of the fetuses and placenta were measured, and the placental apoptotic index was measured by TUNEL assay. The expression of cleaved caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax in the placenta were examined by Western blotting. Compared with the control group, L-NAME injections caused significantly increased blood pressure and urine protein (P<0.05), which were significantly lowered by LWMH (P<0.05). The number and weight of normal pups were significantly lower in PE group than in the control group (P<0.05) and LMWH group (P<0.05); in LMWH group, the weight of pups was still lower than that of the control group (P<0.05) but the number of normal pups was comparable (P>0.05). The LMWH group showed a significantly lower placental apoptosis index than the PE group (P<0.05) with also significantly lower cleaved caspase-3 and Bax and higher Bcl-2 expressions (P<0.05). The apoptosis index and expressions of cleaved caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax protein were similar between LMWH group and normal pregnant group (P>0.05). LMWH can alleviate preeclampsia-like symptoms and decrease the apoptosis in the placenta of rats possibly by enhancing Bcl-2 and suppressing Bax expressions.

Tian J.,Nanfang Hospital
Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University | Year: 2011

To construct the recombinant plasmid pcDNA3.0-RGC32 and evaluate the effect of the response gene to complement-32 (RGC32) on cell cytoskeleton in vitro. The full-length cDNA of RGC32 was obtained by RT-PCR and inserted into the eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA3.0 to generate the recombinant plasmid pcDNA3.0-RGC32. After transfection of the recombinant plasmid into SW480 cells, the expression of RGC32 in the cells was detected by Western blotting. The cytoskeleton of SW480 cells was visualized before and after the transfection, and the changes in the cell migration ability was assessed by wound-healing assay. The recombinant plasmid pcDNA3.0-RGC32 was successfully constructed. The expression of RGC32 was significantly increased in SW480 cells after transfection with pcDNA3.0-RGC32. Before the transfection, the microfilaments of SW480 cells were few and short without obvious polarity, but after the transfection, the microfilaments were increased and elongated with also an obvious polarity, and the invasive structures of lamellae and lamellipodia occurred. The migration ability of the cells was enhanced after transfection with pcDNA3.0-RGC32. Overexpression of RGC32 can cause the reorganization of cytoskeleton and promotes the cell migration, which can be an important mechanism of RGC32 in promoting cancer metastasis.

Zhou Q.Z.,Nanfang Hospital
Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology | Year: 2010

OBJECTIVE: To appraise the effect of single- and two-layer Percoll density gradient centrifugation in sperm separation. METHODS: Twenty semen specimens underwent single-(50%) and two-layer (90% and 45%) density gradient centrifugation, respectively. The sperm class analyzer (SCA) was used to analyze sperm density, motility and dynamic parameters and round cell density before and after the treatment. RESULTS: After separation, the sperm recovery rate of the single-layer method was (65.5 +/- 12.8)%, significantly higher than that of the two-layer method (P < 0.01). The percentages of grade a sperm of the single- and two-layer method were significantly higher than pre-treatment (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), that of the single-layer was significantly lower than that of the two-layer method (P < 0.05), but the percentage of grade c sperm of the former was significantly higher than that of the latter (P < 0.05). Compared with pre-treatment, the percentage of grade a + b sperm of the two-layer method was significantly higher (P < 0.05), while that of the single-layer method showed no significant difference (P > 0.05), and the round cell density of both the methods was significantly lower (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), with no significant differences between the two methods (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The single-layer method yields a higher rate of sperm recovery and causes little change in the sperm motility, while the two-layer method effects a lower rate and significantly improves sperm motility. Both the methods can efficiently separate sperm from round cells, and each has its own advantages and its application value in in vitro treatment of sperm.

Mao X.M.,Nanfang Hospital
Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology | Year: 2011

To study the differentially expressed genes in asthenospermia to gain a deeper insight into the molecular mechanisms of the disease. We analyzed the differentially expressed genes in asthenospermia using GATHER, PANTHER and ToppGene online bioinformatics tools. Our bioinformatics mining and analyses revealed that the differentially expressed genes in asthenospermia played important roles in the cellular protein and macromolecular metabolism, protein modification, cell death, cell apoptosis and apoptosis induction. Asthenospermia patients experience a decline in sperm activity and the basic life activities of sperm simultaneously, and are also prone to cell apoptosis or death. Such differentially expressed genes as KIF3B, MYO15A, KIF6, KIF26B, KIF3A, DNHD2, DMN, DYNC2H1, STARD9, MYOHD1, and TPM1, which are involved in cytoskeletal structure, microtubule movement and cell movement, may be associated with asthenospermia, and therefore deserve further studies.

Su L.,Nanfang Hospital
Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University | Year: 2011

To assess the diagnostic value of 8 equations using different variables for determining the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with cardiovascular diseases. GFR was estimated in 208 patients with cardiovascular diseases by (99m)Tc-DTPA dynamic renal imaging, and the eGFR was derived from 8 equations using different variables. In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 1-3, the eGFR calculated suing serum creatinine (SCr)-based equation was better correlated to GFR estimated by (99m)Tc-DTPA renal imaging than that derived from cystatin C (Cys C)-based equations, whereas in patients with CKD stages 4 and 5, the estimates by the latter equation showed a better correlation to GFR. Compared with (99m)Tc-DTPA renal imaging, MDRD-based equation and simple MDRD equation resulted in a higher eGFR in patients with CKD stages 4 and 5, the Rule equation had a lower eGFR in CKD stages 1 and 2, the Macisaac equation yielded a higher eGFR in CKD stages 2-5, and the Tan equation showed a higher eGFR in CKD stages 2 and 3. In patients with mild renal dysfunction, the Scr-based equation had a higher AUC(ROC) than Cys C-based equation, which was reversed in patients with severe renal dysfunction; the AUC(ROC) of the two equations were comparable in patients with moderate renal dysfunction. Compared with (99m)Tc-DTPA renal imaging, the modified MDRD equation and Arnal-Dade equation showed no significant difference in the eGFR in patients with CKD stages 1-5. Modified MDRD equation (or simple MDRD equation) and Arnal-Dade equation are superior to other calculation methods for estimating the GFR in Chinese patients with cardiovascular disease.

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