Time filter

Source Type

Nan, Thailand

Srisawat N.,Chulalongkorn University | Srisawat N.,University of Pittsburgh | Praditpornsilpa K.,Chulalongkorn University | Patarakul K.,Chulalongkorn University | And 22 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

AKI is one of the most serious complications of leptospirosis, an important zoonosis in the tropics. Recently, NGAL, one of the novel AKI biomarkers, is extensively studied in various specific settings such as sepsis, cardiac surgery, and radiocontrast nephropathy. In this multicenter study, we aimed to study the role of NGAL as an early marker and an outcome predictor of leptospirosis associated AKI. Patients who presented with clinical suspiciousness of leptospirosis were prospectively enrolled in 9 centers from August 2012 to November 2014. The first day of enrollment was the first day of clinical suspicious leptospirosis. Blood and urine samples were serially collected on the first three days and day 7 after enrollment. We used three standard techniques (microscopic agglutination test, direct culture, and PCR technique) to confirm the diagnosis of leptospirosis. KDIGO criteria were used for AKI diagnosis. Recovery was defined as alive and not requiring dialysis during hospitalization or maintaining maximum KDIGO stage at hospital discharge. Of the 221 recruited cases, 113 cases were leptospirosis confirmed cases. Thirty seven percent developed AKI. Median uNGAL and pNGAL levels in those developing AKI were significantly higher than in patients not developing AKI [253.8 (631.4) vs 24.1 (49.6) ng/ml, p < 0.001] and [1,030 (802.5) vs 192.0 (209.0) ng/ml, p < 0.001], respectively. uNGAL and pNGAL levels associated with AKI had AUC-ROC of 0.91, and 0.92, respectively. Both of urine NGAL and pNGAL level between AKI-recovery group and AKI-non recovery were comparable. From this multicenter study, uNGAL and pNGAL provided the promising result to be a marker for leptospirosis associated AKI. However, both of them did not show the potential role to be the predictor of renal recovery in this specific setting. © 2015 Srisawat et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Source

Techasena W.,Nan Hospital | Wongwacharapiboon P.,Nan Hospital | Terawanich S.,Phrae Hospital | Pattamadilok S.,National Health Research Institute
Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand | Year: 2011

The authors have added the second dose of measles vaccine to children aged 18 months since 1997 because of the measles outbreaks in Nan province in 1993-1994. Objective: To compare measles antibody level between two doses vaccination at 9, 18 months and single dose at 9 months in children at the age of 4 to 6 years old. Material and Method: A cross sectional serological study in children 4 to 6 years old was performed between August 2008 and August 2009 at three hospitals in Nan and Phrae provinces. The subjects were divided into two groups, 1) 100 children in Nan provincial hospital received two doses of measles vaccination at the age of 9 and 18 months and 2) 91 children received single dose measles vaccination at the age of 9 months, 41 from Phrae provincial hospital and 50 from Weingsa district hospital. Blood samples were drawn for measles antibody measurement by ELISA assays at Virus Research Institute, National Institute of Health, Thailand. Results: The mean measles antibody level in children 4 to 6 years old in both groups was a satisfactory high level, 1,887.67 and 1,621.02 mIU/ml in single and two doses vaccination respectively, which were not statistically significant (p = 0.431). The higher level in single dose group could be explained by the average age being younger than the two doses group by one year (4 years 2 months vs. 5 years 4 months). Therefore, the waning immunity in younger age group is suspected to be less than the older age group. The rate of protective measles antibody level (≥ 255 mIU/ml) was significantly higher in the two doses group than the single dose, 87% compared to 76% (p = 0.046), which represented primary vaccine failure at the age 4 to 6 years of 13% and 24%, respectively. Conclusion: The authors suggest that a second dose of measles vaccine at the age of 18 months be administered to decrease the number of primary vaccine failure from 24% to 13%. Further studies in the same age group and in different areas are required to confirm these findings. Source

Witoonpanich R.,Mahidol University | Vichayanrat E.,Mahidol University | Tantisiriwit K.,Nan Hospital | Wongtanate M.,Nan Hospital | And 9 more authors.
Clinical Toxicology | Year: 2010

Introduction. Botulism is a rare presynaptic neuromuscular junction disorder caused by potent toxins produced by the anaerobic, spore-forming, Gram-positive bacterium Clostridium botulinum. Food-borne botulism is caused by the ingestion of foods contaminated with botulinum toxin. In March 2006, there was a large outbreak of food-borne botulism associated with the ingestion of home-canned bamboo shoots in Thailand. The survival analyses for respiratory failure in these patients were studied and are reported here. Methods. A prospective observational cohort study was conducted on this outbreak. The primary outcome of interest was the time to respiratory failure. The secondary outcome was the time to weaning off ventilator. The prognostic factors associated with respiratory failure and weaning off ventilator are presented. Results. A total of 91 in-patients with baseline clinical characteristics were included. Most cases first presented with gastrointestinal symptoms followed by neurological symptoms, the most striking of which being difficulty in swallowing. Common clinical features included ptosis, ophthalmoplegia, proximal muscle weakness, pupillary abnormality, and respiratory failure. Forty-two patients developed respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation and the median duration on ventilator was 14 days. The median length of hospital stay for all patients was 13.5 days. Difficulty in breathing, moderate to severe ptosis, and dilated and fixed pupils were associated with respiratory failure. Among patients who were on ventilators, a short incubation period and pupillary abnormality were associated with a longer period of mechanical ventilation. All patients had antitoxin injection and there was no mortality in this outbreak. Conclusion. The history of difficult breathing and the findings of moderate to severe ptosis and pupillary abnormality were associated with severe illness and respiratory failure. A long incubation time was associated with a better prognosis. Although botulism is a potentially fatal disease, there was no mortality in this outbreak. All patients had antitoxin injection and good intensive care that resulted in good clinical outcomes. Copyright © Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Discover hidden collaborations