Miānwāli, Pakistan
Miānwāli, Pakistan

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Farooq M.U.,Petronas University of Technology | Asif M.,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology | Nabi S.W.,Namal College | Qureshi M.A.,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology
Proceedings - 10th International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology, FIT 2012 | Year: 2012

A RFID system's front-end consists of multiple tags being identified by a single (or multiple) reader. In order for the reader to uniquely identify all tags within certain range, some sort of anticollision mechanism is required. ALOHA and its variations can be used in such a scenario. EPC Global, a standardizing body for RFID technology, has proposed a Dynamic Framed Slotted ALOHA mechanism for UHF passive tags (Gen 2, Class I), and a 'Q' algorithm is used to dynamically update the size of the frame, where the size changes exponentially. Two parameters that define this Q algorithm are the initial size of the frame and the speed of frame-size estimation. In this paper we present a complete RFID system simulator which can be used to investigate various algorithms in various scenarios, in context of UHF RFID systems, and then present our simulation setup, results and analysis where the throughput for different traffic scenarios is calculated. Based on the results the trend and the optimal values are discussed for the two parameters. These results can be used by an RFID system designer to choose the right initial parameters, based on an order-of-magnitude estimate of the traffic conditions. © 2012 IEEE.


Hussain M.A.,Namal College | Badar R.,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology
Proceedings - 2015 13th International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology, FIT 2015 | Year: 2015

Transmission of sensitive data over some channel is a highly security constrained scenario and thus demands the application of some encryption algorithm. It is better to implement the algorithm in hardware as compared to software due to better computational speed and memory usage. Tiny Encryption Algorithm known as TEA block cipher is a light-weight and efficient cryptographic algorithm, well suited for wireless communication systems. This paper presents the successful implementation of TEA on FPGA for different design approaches to analyze the performance and resource utilization against each design approach. © 2015 IEEE.


Kashif M.F.,Namal College | Rashid A.K.,Namal College
2016 International Conference on Intelligent Systems Engineering, ICISE 2016 | Year: 2016

A novel multilevel inverter topology with reduced number of power switches is proposed. This new topology is based on a combination of conventional diode clamped and H-bridge topologies. The proposed idea has been validated through simulation results. © 2016 IEEE.


Qureshi J.,Namal College | Malik A.,Namal College
2015 IEEE 20th International Workshop on Computer Aided Modelling and Design of Communication Links and Networks, CAMAD 2015 | Year: 2015

It is a well-known result that constructing code-words over GF(2) to minimize the number of transmissions for a single-hop wireless multicasting is an NP-complete problem. Linearly independent codewords can be constructed in polynomial time for all the n clients, known as maximum distance separable (MDS) code, when the finite field size q is larger than or equal to the number of clients, q ≥ n. In this paper we quantify the exact minimum number of transmissions for a multicast network using erasure code when q = 2 and n = 3, such that q < n. We first show that the use of Markov chain model to derive the minimum number of transmissions for such a network is limited for very small number of input packets. We then use combinatorial approach to derive an upper bound on the exact minimum number of transmissions. Our results show that the difference between the expected number of transmissions using XOR coding and MDS coding is negligible for n = 3. © 2015 IEEE.


Khan M.B.,Namal College | Khan M.B.,University of Bradford
2014 International Conference on Robotics and Emerging Allied Technologies in Engineering, iCREATE 2014 - Proceedings | Year: 2014

In this paper, we have introduced the framework of a virtual theoretical model representing, combination of a number of different overcrowded sensors mainly consist of commonly used sensors e.g. ultra sonic, Infra red and laser range finders etc, on a designed sheet; for algorithm testing and development in human machine interaction based academic research. By using a number of different sensors with different combinations, we can get an idea about the environment in front of that sheet, and by using softwares, we can turn the feedback given by the sensors to an image, or even know certain sets of information about the objects placed in front of it. We can also get a slightly better idea about the challenging part in perception based design, that is, edge detection. This paper also provides a detailed possible applications part for this sensor-based sheet with a major example on Futuristic feedback-giving skin in machines like robots etc, and the way it can work as an additional tool for the computer sciences along with the previously held computer vision tool. The effectiveness of the work is appreciated throughout the explanation segments with concentration on real as well as virtual world mapping. As an effective possible addition to vision-based systems, this paper also discuss the impact of energy losses; as a drawback, due to the noise addition to the system, with the major reason as the use of sensors in a bigger numbers. Similar nature problems are discussed in the final segments. © 2014 IEEE.


Qureshi J.,Namal College
Proceedings - Conference on Local Computer Networks, LCN | Year: 2014

The index coding problem is a fundamental transmission problem arising in content distribution and wireless networks. Traditional approach to solve this problem is to find heuristic/ approximation minimum clique partition solution on an appropriately mapped graph of the index coding problem. In this paper we study index code for unicast data flow for which we propose updated clique index coding (UCIC) scheme, UCIC piggybacks additional information in the coded symbol such that an unsatisfied client can update its cache. We show that UCIC has higher coding gain than previously proposed index coding schemes, and it is optimal for those instances where index code of minimum length is known. © 2014 IEEE.


Khan M.J.,Namal College
International Conference on Self-Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems, SASO | Year: 2015

Software engineering literature is rich in terms of various architectural options to build conventional software systems but very less efforts have been put forward for generic architectures to build autonomic systems. This position paper presents a hierarchical generic service oriented architecture for developing autonomic systems. © 2015 IEEE.


Khan C.,Namal College | Khan M.J.,Namal College
Proceedings - 2016 IEEE International Conference on Autonomic Computing, ICAC 2016 | Year: 2016

Designing efficient self-management algorithms for autonomic managers has been an ongoing and evolving research area. In literature, many machine learning paradigms have been proposed and exploited to make effective decisions in autonomic managers. This position paper proposes to optimize the decision making algorithm closer to the nature inspired decision making process. Core of the proposed framework is case-based reasoning which is an incremental learning mechanism for solving new system problems using the past experience. Fuzzy clustering has been proposed to maintain the knowledge-base of past problems in autonomic managers. New monitored problem in autonomic manager seeks fuzzy memberships amongst different clusters in the knowledge-base and problem solver in autonomic manager exploits existing solutions in different clusters with respect to their fuzzy membership value. It has been tested on a simulated case-study of Autonomic Forest Fire Application and up to 88% accurate predictions have been observed. © 2016 IEEE.


Domain knowledge for various decision-making activities of Software Engineering (SE) is rarely available in a structured or well-formalised form. Owing to lack of the well-informed knowledge, decision making for different kinds of predictions and estimations in SE domain is a challenge. Maintenance and elicitation of domain knowledge is an overwhelming task and causes the knowledge acquisition bottleneck. Most of the artificial intelligence techniques of prediction and estimation do not work in absence of complete and structured knowledge. Case-based reasoning (CBR) is a lazy learning paradigm of artificial intelligence which takes care of this challenge and helps to reduce the knowledge availability bottleneck. This technique exploits the similar experience of past which may be available in unstructured form, and improves its learning curve with passage of time. In literature, CBR has been successfully applied in various areas of SE, but there is lack of single systematic panoramic picture which might have highlighted the potential research questions in this direction. In this study, the author has presented a comprehensive and panoramic systematic mapping study of various CBR applications in SE domain, and identified some promising future research directions. © The Institution of Engineering and Technology 2014.


Qayyum R.,National University of Sciences and Technology | Iqbal A.,Namal College | Qureshi H.K.,National University of Sciences and Technology
Proceedings - IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications | Year: 2016

Underwater Sensor Networks (USNs) are characterized with high error probability, low bandwidth and large delays due to use of acoustic channels. Typical reliability approaches used in terrestrial sensor networks-retransmissions, multipath transmissions and Forward Error Correction (FEC)-have been employed in underwater sensor networks. However, these schemes have not been analyzed and compared for underwater environments which differ from the terrestrial environment. In this paper, we perform analysis of retransmissions, multipath transmissions and FEC approaches for underwater sensor networks in terms of end-To-end packet delivery probability, delay and overhead. Through analytical models and trace driven simulations, the paper shows that the FEC scheme achieves the target data delivery probability with the minimum delay and overhead as compared to retransmissions and multipath transmissions approaches. We also present extended models for generic reliable data delivery schemes which simultaneously consider multiple paths, retransmissions and forward error corrections. These models are also applicable to networks other than underwater sensor networks. © 2015 IEEE.

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