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Heo B.-G.,Naju Foundation of Natural Dyeing Culture | Jang H.-G.,Naju Foundation of Natural Dyeing Culture | Cho J.Y.,Jeonnam Provincial College | Namiesnik J.,Technical University of Gdansk | And 6 more authors.
Industrial Crops and Products | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to assess the contents of indigo's bioactive compounds, its antioxidant and anticancer activities in acetone, hexane and DMSO extracts and to compare the overall bioactivity with another more used medicinal plant named prolipid. It was found that the contents of the bioactive compounds in the studied extracts from different parts of indigo plant varied (P<. 0.05): the significantly highest content of polyphenols and flavonoids was in DMSO extract of prolipid, flavanols - in acetone extract of brown seeds (P<. 0.05 in both cases) and tannins - in DMSO extract of green leaves, but not significantly (P> 0.05). Also the level of antioxidant activity was different: the highest antioxidant activity of all studied samples was in prolipid: according to ABTS, FRAP and CUPRAC tests in DMSO extract (P<. 0.05 in all 3 cases), and only in acetone extract according to DPPH was not significant (P> 0.05). The correlations between polyphenol compounds and the antioxidant activities were relatively high. DPPH kinetic measurements were used to compare and distinguish the antiradical activity among indigo extracts by multivariate analysis. The FT-IR spectroscopy evaluated the presence of polyphenols. The interaction between DMSO polyphenol extracts of indigo plant and BSA showed that indigo has a strong ability as other medicinal plants such as prolipid to quench the intrinsic fluorescence of BSA by forming complexes and was measured by 3-dimensional fluorescence (3D-FL). The highest anticancer activity was in prolipid in concentrations of 800 μg/mL against Calu-6, following by indigo brown leaves. In conclusion, organic extracts of indigo brown leaves were analyzed for their antioxidant and anticancer activities and compared with prolipid, using polyphenols composition, antioxidant activities and fluorescence properties. The indigo ability to quench the intrinsic fluorescence of BSA, relatively high content of phenolic compounds and anticancer properties can be used as medicinal plant. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source


Haruenkit R.,King Mondkuts Institute of Technology Ladkrabang | Poovarodom S.,King Mondkuts Institute of Technology Ladkrabang | Vearasilp S.,Chiang Mai University | Namiesnik J.,Technical University of Gdansk | And 6 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2010

The aim of this investigation was to compare the bioactive and nutrient compounds, fatty acids, and antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of Mon Thong durian at different stages of ripening. It was found that the total polyphenols, flavonoids, flavanols, ascorbic acid, tannins and the antioxidant activity determined by four assays (CUPRAC, DPPH, ABTS and FRAP) differed in immature, mature, ripe and overripe samples. The content of polyphenols and antioxidant activity were the highest in overripe durian, flavonoids were the highest in ripe durian, and flavanols and antiproliferative activity were the highest in mature durian (p < 0.05). FTIR spectra of polyphenols, HPLC profiles of fatty acids, the antioxidant and antiproliferative activities can be used as indicators to characterise different stages of durian ripening. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Chon S.-U.,Chosun University | Boo H.-O.,Chosun University | Heo B.-G.,Naju Foundation of Natural Dyeing Culture | Gorinstein S.,Hebrew University of Jerusalem
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition | Year: 2012

Anthocyanin content and the activities of polyphenol oxidase (PPO), peroxidase (POD) and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) and their relationships were determined in the leaves of six lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) cultivars, exposed for 6 weeks to alternating three different day/night temperatures. Anthocyanin content was found to be highest at 20/13°C, followed by 25/20°C and 30/25°C, showing accumulation of anthocyanin at low temperatures. Activities of PPO and PAL were also found to be highest at low day/night temperatures, whereas the POD activity was decreased at low day/night temperatures. The most significant positive correlation existed between anthocyanin content and PPO activity (r 2 = 0.71). The results suggest that various day/night temperature regimes affect anthocyanin content and the activities of PPO, POD and PAL in lettuce. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd. Source


Boo H.-O.,Chosun University | Heo B.-G.,Naju Foundation of Natural Dyeing Culture | Gorinstein S.,Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Food Analytical Methods | Year: 2012

The enzyme activities in different fractions of Dioscorea japonica Thunb. and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl radical scavenging activity in 15 natural plant pigments from black rice, purple sweet potato, yellow bitter melon, yellow paprika, red cabbage, yellow gardenia, blue gardenia, Chinese foxglove, mulberry leave, onion peel, grape peel, mulberry, red beet, gromwell, and cactus were determined. The antioxidant activity in the cosmetic composition of mulberry leaves, grape peel, mulberry, and red cabbage pigments was relatively high in comparison with all other studied plants. Enzyme activities in investigated plants were evaluated as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX). The cosmetic composition of mulberry leaf pigment had the highest SOD enzyme activity of 67. 1% while onion peel pigment showed the lowest SOD enzyme activity of 15. 3%. The activity of CAT and APX from cosmetic composition of natural plant pigments has also been investigated. Both CAT and APX showed higher values in the cactus, mulberry, and red cabbage cosmetic compositions in comparison with other plant pigments. The cosmetic composition in EtOAc extract of D. japonica Thunb. had the highest SOD enzyme activity while the BuOH and EtOH extracts were comparatively low. CAT and APX activities showed significantly high values in EtOH and EtOAc extracts. The antioxidant enzyme activities of D. japonica Thunb. differ significantly in different plant pigments during their extraction. In conclusion, we showed that the plant pigments and D. japonica Thunb. had the potent biological activities. Therefore, these plant resources having anti-aging components could be good materials for development of source of natural cosmetics. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source


Boo H.-O.,Chosun University | Hwang S.-J.,Chonnam National University | Bae C.-S.,Chonnam National University | Park S.-H.,Chonnam National University | And 2 more authors.
Industrial Crops and Products | Year: 2012

Antioxidant activities, total polyphenols and flavonoids, and antimicrobial effects in some plant pigments were determined in order to use these natural materials for cosmetics. The DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl radical scavenging activity, % of control at maximum plants extract concentrations of 2500. mg/L) in the thirteen natural plant pigments (black rice, purple sweet potato, yellow bitter melon, yellow paprika, red cabbage, yellow gardenia, blue gardenia, Chinese foxglove, mulberry leave, onion peel, grape peel, mulberry and red beet) ranged from 88.9% for red cabbage to 18.0% for blue gardenia. The highest total polyphenol content (404.2 μg/ml) was measured in the onion peel pigment, and the lowest was in Chinese foxglove pigment (11.4 μg/ml). The red cabbage had the highest total flavonoid amount which was 95.5 μg/ml. The antimicrobial activities of the natural plant pigments were evaluated using the agar diffusion method. Most of the natural pigments for Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus luteus, Escherichia coli, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus showed the clear zone formation of growth inhibition. Purple sweet potato, mulberry, mulberry leaf, grape peel, and blue gardenia showed high antimicrobial activities. These findings suggest that the pigments derived from natural plants had high biological activities, and exhibited different properties depending on each kind of pigments. Therefore these plant resources, having active functional components, can be used as excellent materials for natural cosmetics and food supplements. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

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