Nagqu Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Bureau

Nagqu, China

Nagqu Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Bureau

Nagqu, China
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Ganjurjav H.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Ganjurjav H.,Key Laboratory for Agro Environment & Climate Change | Gao Q.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Gao Q.,Key Laboratory for Agro Environment & Climate Change | And 10 more authors.
Shengtai Xuebao/ Acta Ecologica Sinica | Year: 2014

Grassland ecosystems are important parts of terrestrial ecosystems and play an important role in the global carbon cycle. In recent years, the grasslands in Northern Tibet have experienced warming, and its precipitation has also increased. Alpine grassland irrigation measures could be a reasonable pathway to redistribute and make full use of the increased precipitation. In this study, we measured the soil respiration in alpine grassland in Northern Tibet under sprinkler head irrigation in the growing season to determine the relationships between soil temperature /water and ecosystem/soil respiration, soil moisture and Q10, and soil temperature and Q10. The results showed that after 2 years irrigation, alpine grassland aboveground biomass increased significantly, with 2010 higher than 2009. There was significant annual, seasonal and daily variation of soil respiration. Under irrigation, ecosystem respiration and soil respiration increased 75% and 64% respectively; soil water increase can promote the respiration of ecosystem and its components. In our results, the Q10 value was 2.23-2.81, over the global average. The irrigation can promote ecosystem respiration temperature sensitivity. There was a positive linear correlation between ecosystem respiration and grassland aboveground biomass. The aboveground biomass accounted for 32.8% of ecosystem respiration variation. Soil respiration accounted for more than 70% of ecosystem respiration, indicating that the contribution to carbon emissions of soil respiration is very high. In short, we can project that in grasslands biomass and ecosystem respiration will increase under future precipitation change, which will significantly affect the function of alpine grassland carbon storage. © 2014 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Ecological Society of China.


Ganjurjav H.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Ganjurjav H.,Key Laboratory for Agro Environment & Climate Change | Gao Q.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Gao Q.,Key Laboratory for Agro Environment & Climate Change | And 19 more authors.
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology | Year: 2016

Recently, the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau has experienced significant warming. Climate warming is expected to have profound effects on plant community productivity and composition, which can drive ecosystem structure and function. To explore effects of warming on plant community productivity and composition, we conducted a warming experiment using open top chambers (OTCs) from 2012 to 2014 in alpine meadow and alpine steppe habitat on the central Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau. We measured aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP), community composition and species diversity under ambient and two levels of artificially warmed conditions across three years. Our results showed that warming significantly stimulated plant growth in the alpine meadow, but reduced growth on the alpine steppe. The increase of ANPP in alpine meadow was a result of an increase of plant height under warming. Warming-induced drought conditions were primarily responsible for the observed decrease of ANPP in an alpine steppe. Plant community composition and species diversity were not influenced by warming in alpine meadow. Alternatively, in alpine steppe, cover of graminoids and forbs significantly declined while legumes substantially increased under warming, subsequently resulting in rapid species losses. Changes in soil moisture were responsible for observed changes in graminoids and legumes in the alpine steppe. Overall, experimental results demonstrated that warming had a positive impact on plant community structure and function in alpine meadow and had a negative impact on these characteristics in an alpine steppe. This work highlights the important role of soil moisture for regulating plant productivity and community composition response to warming in the alpine steppe. In particular, the deep-rooted, drought resistant plants may increase in a warmer future in the central Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau. These changes may reduce habitat quality for the local community of grazers because many of the species that increased are also unpalatable to grazers. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.


Gao Q.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Gao Q.,Key Laboratory for Agro Environment and Climate Change | Wan Y.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Wan Y.,Key Laboratory for Agro Environment and Climate Change | And 10 more authors.
International Journal of Remote Sensing | Year: 2013

Using the Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach (CASA) model on remote-sensing (RS), climatic, and other related data from 1981 to 2004, the researchers estimated the net primary productivity (NPP) of alpine grassland in northern Tibet. Geographical information system (GIS) techniques were used to analyse the spatial pattern of change in the NPP of alpine grassland and its response to the intensity of human activity. The researchers found that the mean values of NPP on flat (slope gradients <1°) and sunny slopes were relatively lower. Between 1981 and 2004, the NPP of alpine grassland in northern Tibet tended to decrease, but with relatively large annual fluctuations. In northern Tibet, the alpine grassland NPP for high-elevation regions has a greater proportion of area (over 26%) showing a decreasing trend. The change is more significant in areas where the slope is 15-30° and aspect has little influence on the extent of the change. The negative effects of local residential areas on the rate of change of alpine grassland NPP are smaller than those of roads. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


Ganjurjav H.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Ganjurjav H.,Key Laboratory for Agro Environment and Climate Change | Gao Q.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Gao Q.,Key Laboratory for Agro Environment and Climate Change | And 12 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

To analyze CO2 fluxes under conditions of climate change in an alpine meadow on the central Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, we simulated the effect of warming using open top chambers (OTCs) from 2012 to 2014. The OTCs increased soil temperature by 1.62°C (P < 0.05), but decreased soil moisture (1.38%, P < 0.05) during the experiments. The response of ecosystem CO2 fluxes to warming was variable, and dependent on the year. Under conditions of warming, mean gross ecosystem productivity (GEP) during the growing season increased significantly in 2012 and 2014 (P < 0.05); however, ecosystem respiration (ER) increased substantially only in 2012 (P < 0.05). The net ecosystem CO2 exchange (NEE) increased marginally in 2012 (P = 0.056), did not change in 2013(P > 0.05), and increased significantly in 2014 (P = 0.034) under conditions of warming. The GEP was more sensitive to climate variations than was the ER, resulting in a large increase in net carbon uptake under warming in the alpine meadow. Under warming, the 3-year averages of GEP, ER, and NEE increased by 19.6%, 15.1%, and 21.1%, respectively. The seasonal dynamic patterns of GEP and NEE, but not ER, were significantly impacted by warming. Aboveground biomass, particularly the graminoid biomass increased significantly under conditions of warming. Soil moisture, soil temperature, and aboveground biomass were the main factors that affected the variation of the ecosystem CO2 fluxes. The effect of warming on inter- and intra-annual patterns of ecosystem CO2 fluxes and the mechanism of different sensitivities in GEP and ER to warming, require further researched. Copyright: © 2015 Ganjurjav et al.


Ganjurjav H.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Ganjurjav H.,Key Laboratory for Agro Environment and Climate Change | Duan M.-J.,Beijing Institute of Landscape Architecture | Wan Y.-F.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 10 more authors.
Rangeland Journal | Year: 2015

Grazing by large herbivores may have a strong impact on plant diversity and productivity, but the effects are expected to vary with grazing pressure. The changes in productivity and species diversity of Stipa purpurea-dominated semi-arid alpine steppe grassland were measured under four different stocking rates of Tibetan sheep [no grazing, light (2.4 sheep units ha-1), moderate (3.6 sheep units ha-1), and heavy (6.0 sheep units ha-1) grazing] in a 5-year (2006-2010) grazing experiment on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China. Herbage mass and aboveground net primary productivity of alpine steppe declined significantly with increasing stocking rate (P<0.05). Over the 5 years of the experiment, the proportion of forbs and sedges increased significantly under light and moderate grazing; the proportion of grasses decreased significantly, whereas the proportion of S. purpurea did not change compared with the no grazing treatment. Species diversity was highest under moderate grazing and was significantly higher than the no grazing treatment in 2 years (2008 and 2010). Moderate grazing enhanced the species diversity of the plant community due to an increase in the proportion of forbs. There were significant positive linear correlations between herbage mass and species diversity under no and light grazing. Species diversity was not related to productivity under moderate and heavy grazing. In conclusion, grazing by sheep reduced plant productivity; plant diversity increased under low and moderate grazing, and was as a result of changes in the composition of the plant community of a semi-arid alpine steppe. © 2015 Australian Rangeland Society.

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