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Nagasaki-shi, Japan

Matsumoto Y.,Saiseikai Nagasaki Hospital | Nakano J.,Nagasaki University | Oga S.,Saiseikai Nagasaki Hospital | Kataoka H.,Nagasaki Memorial Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology | Year: 2014

This study examined the effects of therapeutic pulsed ultrasound (US) on the development of disuse muscle atrophy in rat gastrocnemius muscle. Male Wistar rats were randomly distributed into control, immobilization (Im), sham US, and US groups. In the Im, sham US and US groups, the bilateral ankle joints of each rat were immobilized in full plantar flexion with a plaster cast for a 4-wk period. The pulsed US (frequency, 1 MHz; intensity, 1.0 W/cm2; pulsed mode 1:4; 15 min) was irradiated to the gastrocnemius muscle in the US group over a 4-wk immobilization period. The pulsed US irradiation delivered only non-thermal effects to the muscle. In conjunction with US irradiation, 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) was injected subcutaneously to label the nuclei of proliferating satellite cells 1 h before each pulsed US irradiation. Immobilization resulted in significant decreases in the mean diameters of type I, IIA and IIB muscle fibers of the gastrocnemius muscle in the Im, sham US and US groups compared with the control group. However, the degrees of muscle fiber atrophy for all types were significantly lower in the US group compared with the Im and sham US groups. Although the number of capillaries and the concentrations of insulin-like growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor did not change in the muscle, the number of BrdU-positive nuclei in the muscle was significantly increased by pulsed US irradiation in the US group. The results of this study suggest that pulsed US irradiation inhibits the development of disuse muscle atrophy partly via activation of satellite cells. © 2014 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology.

Kanetaka K.,Nagasaki University | Enjoji A.,Nagasaki University | Furui J.,Nagasaki University | Nagata Y.,Nagasaki University | And 8 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2012

Background: Although combination therapy consisting of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and cisplatin for the treatment of gastric cancer has been reported, no consistent regimen has been established. Our aim was to determine the optimal treatment schedule of this therapy, for patients with advanced or recurrent gastric cancer. Patients and Methods: We conducted a phase II study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of combination therapy consisting of intermittent 5- FU and low-dose cisplatin in 26 patients with advanced or recurrent gastric cancer. The treatment cycle consisted of intravenous cisplatin at 3.3 mg/m2/day for 5 consecutive days. 5-FU was administered as a continuous intravenous infusion at 300-500 mg/body every other day (days 1, 3, 5) for 4 weeks. Results: The partial response rate was 34.6%. The median survival duration was 12.8 months and the oneyear survival was 53.1%. There were a few adverse effects. Conclusion: Our results suggest that this mode of combination therapy led to a fairly favorable outcome for patients with advanced or recurrent gastric cancer.

Farhana S.,Nagasaki University | Ashizawa K.,Nagasaki University | Hayashi H.,Nagasaki University | Ogihara Y.,Nagasaki Prefecture Shimabara Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Radiology | Year: 2015

Purpose: Our aim was to clarify the frequency of cardiovascular border obliteration on frontal chest radiography and to prove that the phrenic nerve with accompanying vessels can be considered as a cause of obliteration of cardiovascular border on an otherwise normal chest radiography. Materials and methods: Two radiologists reviewed chest radiographs and computed tomography (CT) images of 100 individuals. CT confirmed the absence of intrapulmonary or extrapulmonary abnormalities in all of them. We examined the frequency of cardiovascular border obliteration on frontal chest radiography and summarized the causes of obliteration as pericardial fat pad, phrenic nerve, intrafissure fat, pulmonary vessels, and others, comparing them with CT in each case. Results: Cardiovascular border was obliterated on frontal chest radiography in 46 cases on the right and in 61 on the left. The phrenic nerve with accompanying vessels was found to be a cause of obliteration in 34 of 46 cases (74 %) on the right and 29 of 61 (48 %) cases on the left. The phrenic nerve was the most frequent cause of cardiovascular border obliteration on both sides. Conclusion: The phrenic nerve with accompanying vessels, forming a prominent fold of parietal pleura, can be attributed as a cause of cardiovascular border obliteration on frontal chest radiography. © 2015, Japan Radiological Society.

Ito S.,Nagasaki University | Nagata Y.,Nagasaki Medical Center | Susumu S.,Nagasaki University | Yoneda A.,Nagasaki University | And 5 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2012

Background/Aim: The cross-presentation system of tumor antigen by monocyte-derived dendritic cells (mo-DCs) has been observed under appropriate conditions. Both CD14- negative and CD1a-positive phenotypes were critical in our previous study. This study compared the phenotype of mo-DCs and identified the conditions that favored T helper-1 (Th1) cytokine production after stimulation with the hsc70 and NY-ESO- 1 p157-165 epitope fusion protein (hsc70/ESO p157- 165). Materials and Methods: The mo-DCs were induced from healthy donors. Their surface markers and cytokine production were examined after stimulation with hsc70/ESO p157-165. Results: CD1a+ and CD1a- mo-DCs were generated in half of the healthy donors. The concentration of fetal calf serum in the culture medium was critical for the induction of CD1a+ DCs, which were able to produce interleukin-12 (IL-12), but not IL-10. Neutralizing IL-6 and IL-6R antibodies affected the expression of CD1a. Conclusion: Anti IL-6 analogs may be effective adjuvants for the development of mo-DC-based cancer vaccine.

Tanaka Y.,Nagasaki Memorial Hospital | Nakano J.,Nagasaki Memorial Hospital | Nakano J.,Nagasaki University | Hamaue Y.,Nagasaki University | And 4 more authors.
Physiological Research | Year: 2013

Our aim was to investigate the influence of microgravity on the sensitivity of the skin to mechanical stimulation, epidermal thickness, peripheral nerve density in the upper dermis, and serum levels of a stress marker in a rat hindlimb suspension (HS) model. Thirty 8-week-old male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: HS, n=10; sham HS, n=10; control, n=10. The suspension system was attached to rat tails in both the HS and sham-HS groups, but the hindlimbs were suspended only in the HS group. The HS and sham-HS groups were treated for 4 weeks. In behavioral tests using von-Frey filaments (n=5 in each group), mechanical hypersensitivity developed in the HS and sham HS groups. Serum corticosterone levels increased significantly in the HS and sham HS groups compared to the control group, and no changes in epidermal thickness or peripheral nerve density were observed immediately after the removal of HS (n=5 in each group). These data indicated that the mechanical hypersensitivity observed in the HS group was not caused by microgravity or inactivity, but rather by restraint stress. We suggest that microgravity does not affect skin sensitivity and histology in these animals. © 2013 Institute of Physiology v.v.i., Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic.

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