Nabi Biopharmacetuicals is a drug development company in Rockville, Maryland.Its principle product is NicVAX , a nicotine conjugate vaccine intended to reduce physical addiction to nicotine.The drug was developed with help from the U.S. National Institute of Drug Abuse, and showed promise in early studies, however, two successive phase III trials of the drug in 2009 and 2011 failed.On Thursday, November 8, 2012 the business combination of Nabi Biopharmaceuticals and Biota Holdings Limited became effective to create Biota Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Wikipedia.
Marr J.,Bayer AG |
Niknian M.,Nabi Biopharmaceuticals |
Shulman L.P.,Northwestern University |
Lynen R.,Bayer AG
Background: A combined oral contraceptive comprising ethinylestradiol (EE) 20 mcg/drospirenone 3 mg in a 24/4 regimen has been clinically shown to alleviate the symptoms associated with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). However, previous studies did not report data according to cycle-by-cycle improvement. Study design: This was a subanalysis of a Phase III, double-blind, multicenter, United States-based study. Women with confirmed PMDD were randomized to EE 20 mcg/drospirenone 3 mg 24/4 or placebo for three treatment cycles. Ten of the 21 emotional and physical items on the Daily Record of Severity of Problems scale were grouped to define three symptom clusters: (a) negative emotions, (b) food cravings and (c) water retention-related symptoms. The change from baseline at each treatment cycle was compared between groups using a weighted analysis of covariance model. Results: The full analysis set comprised 449 women. Daily Record of Severity of Problems scores for each symptom cluster were significantly reduced from baseline with both EE 20 mcg/drospirenone 3 mg 24/4 and placebo (p<.0001 for all). The greatest symptom improvements were achieved within the first cycle of treatment and continued throughout cycles 2 to 3. The mean between-treatment difference was significant in favor of EE 20 mcg/drospirenone 3 mg 24/4 for all three symptom clusters in all three treatment cycles (p≤.0001 vs. placebo in percent change from baseline). Conclusion: Ethinylestradiol 20 mcg/drospirenone 3 mg 24/4 improved commonly recognizable PMDD symptom clusters relating to negative emotions, food cravings and water retention-related symptoms to a significantly greater extent than placebo during all three cycles of treatment. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source
Kim S.-K.,Sloan Kettering Cancer Center |
Wu X.,Sloan Kettering Cancer Center |
Ragupathi G.,Sloan Kettering Cancer Center |
Gathuru J.,VaxInnate |
And 4 more authors.
Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy
Four randomized phase III trials conducted recently in melanoma patients in the adjuvant setting have been based in part on the correlation between antibody responses in immunized patients and improved survival. Each of these randomized trials demonstrated no clinical benefit, although again there was a significant correlation between antibody response after vaccination and disease free and overall survival. To better understand this paradox, we established a surgical adjuvant model targeting GD2 ganglioside on EL4 lymphoma cells injected into the foot pad followed by amputation at variable intervals. Our findings are (1) comparable strong therapeutic benefit resulted from treatment of mice after amputation with a GD2-KLH conjugate vaccine or with anti-GD2 monoclonal antibody 3F8. (2) The strongest correlation was between antibody induction in response to vaccination and prolonged survival. (3) Antibody titers in response to vaccination in tumor challenged mice as compared to unchallenged mice were far lower despite the absence of detectable recurrences at the time. (4) The half life of administered 3F8 monoclonal antibody (but not control antibody) in challenged mice administered was significantly shorter than the half life of 3F8 antibody in unchallenged controls. The correlation between vaccine-induced antibody titers and prolonged survival may reflect, at least in part, increased tumor burden in antibody-negative mice. Absorption of vaccine-induced antibodies by increased, although not detected tumor burden may also explain the correlation between vaccine-induced antibody titers and survival in the adjuvant clinical trials described above. © 2011 Springer-Verlag. Source
The efficacy and safety of a nicotine conjugate vaccine (NicVAX®) or placebo co-administered with varenicline (Champix®) for smoking cessation: Study protocol of a phase IIb, double blind, randomized, placebo controlled trial
Hoogsteder P.H.,Maastricht University |
Kotz D.,Maastricht University |
Van Spiegel P.I.,Nabi Biopharmaceuticals |
Viechtbauer W.,Maastricht University |
And 5 more authors.
BMC Public Health
Background: A potential new treatment in smoking cessation and relapse prevention is nicotine vaccination which is based on active immunization against the nicotine molecule. This immunization will elicit the immune system to produce nicotine-specific antibodies that sequester nicotine in the blood stream, after inhaling tobacco products. The resulting antibody-antigen is too large to cross the blood-brain barrier and is therefore postulated to attenuate the rewarding effect of nicotine by preventing the latter from reaching its receptors in the brain and causing the release of dopamine. The aim of this paper is to describe the design of a phase IIb, multi-center, double blind, randomized, placebo controlled trial to assess the efficacy of the nicotine vaccine NicVAX® co-administered with varenicline (Champix®) and intensive counseling as an aid in smoking cessation and relapse prevention. Methods/design. Two centers will include a total of 600 smokers who are motivated to quit smoking. At week -2 these smokers will be randomized, in a 1:1 ratio, to either 6 injections of NicVAX® or placebo, both co-administered with 12-weeks of varenicline treatment, starting at week 0. The target quit day will be set after 7 days of varenicline treatment at week 1. Smokers will be followed up for 54 weeks. The primary outcome is defined as biochemically validated prolonged smoking abstinence from week 9 to 52. Secondary outcomes include safety, immunogenicity, smoking abstinence from week 37 to 52, abstinence from week 9 to 24, abstinence in the subset of subjects with the highest antibody response, and lapse/relapse rate. Discussion. This is the first study to assess the efficacy of a nicotine conjugate vaccine in combination with an evidence-based smoking cessation pharmacotherapy (varenicline) to quit smoking. Although NicVAX® is primarily designed as an aid to smoking cessation, our study is designed to explore its potential to maintain abstinence and prevent relapse. The results of this trial will give a unique insight in the potential of nicotine vaccination for relapse prevention. Trial registration. ClinicalTrials.gov: (NCT00995033). © 2012 Hoogsteder et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source
Sutter D.E.,Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences |
Sutter D.E.,U.S. Food and Drug Administration |
Summers A.M.,U.S. Army |
Keys C.E.,U.S. Food and Drug Administration |
And 7 more authors.
FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology
Capsular polysaccharide (CP) plays an important role in the pathogenicity and immunogenicity of Staphylococcus aureus, yet the common serotypes of S. aureus isolated from US pediatric patients have not been reported. We investigated capsular serotype as well as methicillin susceptibility, presence of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL), and clonal relatedness of pediatric S. aureus isolates. Clinical isolates were tested for methicillin susceptibility, presence of mecA, lukS-PV and lukF-PV, cap5 and cap8 genes by PCR, and for capsular or surface polysaccharide expression (CP5, CP8, or 336 polysaccharide) by agglutination. Genetic relatedness was determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. All S. aureus isolates encoded cap5 or cap8. Sixty-nine percent of 2004-2005 isolates were methicillin-susceptible (MSSA) and most expressed a detectable capsule. The majority of MRSA isolates (82%) were unencapsulated, exposing an expressed cell wall techoic acid antigen 336. Pulsed-field type USA300 were MRSA, PVL-positive, unencapsulated strains that were associated with deep skin infections and recurrent disease. Over half (58%) of all isolates from invasive pediatric dermatologic infections were USA300. All pediatric isolates contained either capsule type 5 or capsule type 8 genes, and roughly half of the S. aureus clinical disease isolates from our population were diverse MSSA-encapsulated strains. The majority of the remaining pediatric clinical disease isolates were unencapsulated serotype 336 strains of the PVL(+) USA300 community-associated-MRSA clone. © 2011 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Source
Nabi Biopharmaceuticals | Date: 2011-12-21
vaccine for the prevention or treatment of enterococcus infections in humans.