Suigen, South Korea
Suigen, South Korea
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Lee S.-W.,Kyungpook National University | Yoon S.-R.,BioHealth Convergence Center | Kim G.-R.,Kyungpook National University | Woo S.-M.,Keimyung University | And 4 more authors.
Food Science and Biotechnology | Year: 2012

The effects of different nuruk contents and fermentation methods (AV, vinegar fermented in an agitated culture; SV, vinegar fermented in a static culture) on organic acids and volatile compounds in brown rice vinegars were investigated. In the SV, the contents of acetic, oxalic, tartaric, and malic acids increased with hipher contents of nuruk. Acetic, tartaric, and malic acid contents were higher in the SV than those in the AV. Volatile compounds that can affect vinegar quality, including acetic acid, isoamyl acetate, phenethyl acetate, and phenethyl alcohol were present at high concentrations in the AV. With the increase in nuruk contents in the AV, acetic acid content decreased and isoamyl acetate and phenethyl acetate content increased. No significant differences in sensory scores were observed regarding the amount of nuruk and the type of fermentation. However, electronic-nose analysis showed its potential to effectively differentiate different samples. © 2012 The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology and Springer Netherlands.

Liu C.-S.,Kyung Hee University | Nam T.-G.,Kyung Hee University | Han M.-W.,Korea Ginseng Corporation | Ahn S.-M.,Kyung Hee University | And 6 more authors.
Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry | Year: 2013

Oxidative stress due to the over-production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is associated with human skin aging. This study was designed to identify the bioactive phenolics in detoxified Rhus verniciflua Stokes (DRVS) that may protect human skin against oxidative stress. Under oxidative stress caused by H2O2, the 40% (v/v) aqueous methanol extract of DRVS protected human keratinocytes in a dose-dependent manner. The expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) was also inhibited by the DRVS extract in human dermal fibroblasts-neonatal cells exposed to ultraviolet A. The major bioactive phenolics of DRVS were tentatively identified by LC/Q-TOF-ESI-MS/MS, and included gallic acid, 2-(ethoxymethoxy)-3-hydroxyphenol, fustin, a fustin isomer, tetragalloyl glucose, pentagalloyl glucose, fisetin, sulfuretin, a sulfuretin isomer, and butein. The results suggest that a DRVS extract may be effective in slowing skin aging through its antioxidative properties and by down-regulating MMP-1 expression. Further studies are needed to examine whether this effect would be mediated by the phenolics identified in this study.

Kim S.-Y.,NAAS | Yoo K.-S.,Chungbuk National University | Kim J.E.,Chungbuk National University | Kim J.-S.,Chungbuk National University | And 4 more authors.
Food Science and Biotechnology | Year: 2010

A polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) method was used to determine the presence and diversity of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in takju, a traditional Korean rice wine. Bacterial DNAs were extracted from 15 commercial rice wines and amplicons of partial 16S rRNA genes were separated by DGGE and intense bands were sequenced. Lactobacillus (Lb.) paracasei, Lb. plantarum, and Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides were detected in all samples and Lb. harbinensis and Lb. parabuchneri were found with above 80% frequency of occurrence. Unknown species of Lactobacillus were also widely detected. This result revealed that, regardless of products and raw materials, the distribution profiles of LAB in takju products have a common pattern comprising of above predominant species and, furthermore, takju can be regarded as a LAB-rich fermented food providing various probiotics. © KoSFoST and Springer 2010.

Kim S.-N.,NAAS | Kim M.-R.,Chungnam National University | Cho S.-M.,NAAS | Kim S.-Y.,NAAS | And 2 more authors.
Nutrition Research and Practice | Year: 2012

The purposes of this study were to determine phenolic compounds and to evaluate antioxidant activities of plums (Soldam, Oishiwase and Formosa). Soldam contains the highest amount of total phenolics among cultivars (Formosa: 4.0%, Oishiwase: 3.3%, Soldam: 6.4% for total phenolic) as well as the total flavonoids of which constituents were mainly myricetin and anthocyanidin. The antioxidant activities were measured by DPPH, ABTS radical scavenging, and SOD-like activities. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of Korean plum extracts (200 μg/mL) showed more than 43%, and the Soldam turned out to be the highest: ID50 value: 160-177 μg/mL for Formosa and Oishiwase; 58-64 μg/mL for Soldam. The ABTS radical scavenging activity of Korean plum extracts (200 μg/mL) was found to be more than 50%. The SOD-like activity of Korean plum extracts (200 μg/mL) showed more than 70%. Among three kinds of cultivars, Soldam had the highest antioxidant activity. The nitrite scavenging activity of Soldam was 61.5%, which is the highest, compared with that of the other cultivars, about 50%. From these results, Korean plums turned out to be phytochemical rich fruit as well as to show high antioxidant activities. © 2012 The Korean Nutrition Society and the Korean Society of Community Nutrition.

Bal J.,Chonbuk National University | Yun S.-H.,Chonbuk National University | Yeo S.-H.,NAAS | Kim J.-M.,Wonkwang University | Kim D.-H.,Chonbuk National University
Food Microbiology | Year: 2016

Nuruk, a traditional natural starter, is extensively used in the brewing of Makgeolli, one of Korea's most popular alcoholic beverages that has been recently gaining global popularity. Thus, the quality of traditional nuruk needs to be enhanced. The nuruk mycobiome greatly influences both fermentation process as well as palatability enhancement. Limitations of culture-dependent identification restrict an accurate analysis of fungal diversity and distribution in nuruks. 454 pyrosequencing of two traditional wheat-based nuruks, prepared at two representative temperature conditions revealed a total of 153 and 53 OTUs for nuruks A and B, respectively, from a total of 33,157 ITS sequences. Phylogenetic assignments indicated that nuruk A mycobiota was dominated by the genera Aspergillus and Mucorales, whereas nuruk B by Rhizomucor. Species-level identification indicated that Mucorales sp., Aspergillus candidus, and Aspergillus cibarius predominated in nuruk A mycoflora whereas Rhizomucor pusillus, Mucorales sp., and Thermoascus crustaceus in nuruk B. The alpha diversity indices suggest nuruk A mycobiota to be more diverse than that of nuruk B at almost all time points of fermentation. Resemblances of patterns of predominant species composition and succession between culture-dependent and -independent phylogenetic analysis creates the potential to reconstruct the nuruk mycobiome in vitro, which allows the establishment of a standard inoculum for scientific comparison. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd

PubMed | Korean University of Science and Technology, Auburn University, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology and NAAS
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The plant pathology journal | Year: 2015

Certain bacterial species associate with plant roots in soil. The plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) stimulate plant growth and yield in greenhouse and field. Here, we examined whether application of known bacilli PGPR strains stimulated growth and asexual reproduction in the succulent plant Kalanchoe daigremontiana. Four PGPR strains B. amyloliquefaciens IN937a, B. cereus BS107, B. pumilus INR7, and B. subtilis GB03 were applied to young plantlets by soil-drenching, and plant growth and development was monitored for three months. Aerial growth was significantly stimulated in PGPR-inoculated plants, which was observed as increases in plant height, shoot weight, and stem width. The stimulated growth influenced plant development by increasing the total number of leaves per plant. Treatment with bacilli also increased the total root biomass compared with that of control plants, and led to a 2-fold increase in asexual reproduction and plantlet formation on the leaf. Collectively, our results firstly demonstrate that Bacillus spp. promote vegetative development of K. daigremontiana, and the enhanced growth stimulates asexual reproduction and plantlet formation.

PubMed | National Academy of Agricultural Science NAAS and NAAS
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Bioinformation | Year: 2015

The National Agricultural Biotechnology Information Center (NABIC) constructed a web-based molecular marker database to provide information about 7,847 sequence-tagged site (STS) markers identified in the 11 species using a next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies. The database consists of three major functional categories: keyword search, detailed viewer and download function. The molecular marker annotation table provides detailed information such as ownership information, basic information, and STS-related characterization information.The database is available for free at

PubMed | Wonkwang University, Chonbuk National University and NAAS
Type: | Journal: Applied microbiology and biotechnology | Year: 2016

The brewing of makgeolli, one of Koreas most popular alcoholic beverages that is gaining popularity globally, is facilitated by nuruk, a traditional Korean cereal starter. The nuruk microbiome greatly influences the fermentation process as well as the nutritional, hygienic, and aromatic qualities of the product. This study is a continuation of our efforts to examine nuruk biodiversity at a depth previously unattainable. In this study, microfloral dynamics in wheat-based nuruk C, composed of traditional ingredients such as barley, green gram, and wheat and fermented under various internal moisture contents of 20% (C20), 26% (C26), and 30% (C30), was evaluated using 454 pyrosequencing during the 30-day fermentation process. Rarefaction analysis and alpha diversity parameters indicated adequate sampling. C20 showed the greatest fungal richness and diversity, C20 and C26 exhibited similar bacterial richness and diversity, while C30 had low fungal and bacterial richness. Fungal taxonomic assignments revealed that the initial moisture content caused selective enrichment of Aspergillus candidus with a decreasing trend during fermentation, whereas Saccharomycetales sp. exhibited increasing relative abundance with increasing moisture content from day 6 of the fermentation process. Depending on initial moisture level, changes in bacterial communities were also observed in the genera Streptomyces, Bacillus, and Staphylococcus, with decreasing trends whereas Saccharopolyspora exhibited a sigmoidal trend with the highest abundance in C26. These findings demonstrate the possible impact of initial moisture content of nuruk on microfloral richness, diversity, and dynamics; this study is thus a step toward our ultimate goal of enhancing the quality of nuruk.

PubMed | National Academy of Agricultural Science NAAS, Insilicogen Inc., Wonkwang University, Anyang Institute of Technology and NAAS
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015

Rice field art is a large-scale art form in which people design rice fields using various kinds of ornamental rice plants with different leaf colors. Leaf color-related genes play an important role in the study of chlorophyll biosynthesis, chloroplast structure and function, and anthocyanin biosynthesis. Despite the role of different metabolites in the traditional relationship between leaf and color, comprehensive color-specific metabolite studies of ornamental rice have been limited. We performed whole-genome resequencing and transcriptomic analysis of regulatory patterns and genetic diversity among different rice cultivars to discover new genetic mechanisms that promote enhanced levels of various leaf colors. We resequenced the genomes of 10 rice leaf-color accessions to an average of 40 reads depth and >95% coverage and performed 30 RNA-seq experiments using the 10 rice accessions sampled at three developmental stages. The sequencing results yielded a total of 1,814 106 reads and identified an average of 713,114 SNPs per rice accession. Based on our analysis of the DNA variation and gene expression, we selected 47 candidate genes. We used an integrated analysis of the whole-genome resequencing data and the RNA-seq data to divide the candidate genes into two groups: genes related to macronutrient (i.e., magnesium and sulfur) transport and genes related to flavonoid pathways, including anthocyanidin biosynthesis. We verified the candidate genes with quantitative real-time PCR using transgenic T-DNA insertion mutants. Our study demonstrates the potential of integrated screening methods combined with genetic-variation and transcriptomic data to isolate genes involved in complex biosynthetic networks and pathways.

NEW YORK, March 1, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- structure component adoption to play a significant role in augmenting the growth prospects in the Network-as-a-Service (NAAS) market" This study has been done on a global level, covering four regions broadly, : North America, Europe,...

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