Mzuzu, Malawi
Mzuzu, Malawi

Mzuzu University is one of the principal universities of Malawi. The school is located in Mzuzu, in the northern region of Malawi. It was founded in 1997 and accepted its first students in 1999. Professor Peter Mwanza, who later entered politics and became a cabinet minister, was active in establishing the university. He was Chairman of the University Council, and later Vice Chancellor. Wikipedia.

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Chalemba L.,Mzuzu University
Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries | Year: 2017

This paper presents a comparison of the level of application of telecommunications technologies to agricultural market information systems in Ghana and Tanzania. The data on economic indicators related to telecommunications services used in this comparative analysis was provided by the statistics division of the United Nations. The review reveals that even though both Ghana and Tanzania are developing nations, Ghana is significantly ahead of Tanzania in the provision of information and communications technology (ICT) facilities that support operations of agricultural market information systems. However, low-income smallholder farmers of both countries still need more access to ICT facilities for them to exploit fully the services offered by ICT-based agricultural market information systems. Both countries also need to promote participation of the private sector for establishment of economically sustainable market information services. Recommendations drawn from this analysis do not only apply to Ghana and Tanzania but also to other developing countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Chawinga W.D.,Mzuzu University
International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education | Year: 2017

Social media has taken many sectors including the higher education by storm. However, with wide spread fears that social media may be a distractor to pedagogy, this paper investigated how social media facilitates teaching and learning. Unlike most prior studies which relied much on soliciting mere views from students and lecturers about their intentions to use or not to use social media, this study incorporated Twitter and blogs into two undergraduate courses offered in the Department of Library and Information Science at Mzuzu University which is a public university in Malawi. Data were collected in two ways: first, analysis of blog and Twitter posts by students and second, a questionnaire was sent to 64 students to find out their perception towards the use of blogs and Twitter in a classroom environment. Results suggest that if appropriately deployed, Twitter and blogs are catalysts for the much hyped learner-centred approach to teaching because using these technologies, it emerged that students shared and discussed course materials, posted their course reflections and interacted amongst themselves and with their lecturer 24/7. Challenges faced include cost of internet data bundles, inaccessible Wi-Fi, poor bandwidths and insufficient computers. © 2016, The Author(s).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: HEALTH.2012.2.3.2-4 | Award Amount: 3.87M | Year: 2013

In developing countries, most of the 11 million deaths per year of children under the age five years occur in areas where adequate medical care is not available. In Malawi the under-five mortality rate is 133 per 1,000 live births. First-level health facilities - the closest health care services available to most sick children in developing countries are generally run by local medical physicians. The WHO and UNICEF developed the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) as a strategy to improve childhood survival and disease control. The IMCI strategy uses simple signs and symptoms to assess and classify illness, thus allowing health workers at first-level facilities to identify which children have minor illnesses that need symptomatic treatment. Our proposal addresses the objectives of this call by assisting health care workers through the utilisation of established technologies to circumvent the absence of health infrastructures. It achieves this by utilising the cellular network, patient sensor technologies and decision support systems. Proposed is the Supporting Low-cost Intervention For disEase control (Supporting LIFE) project. It is designed to run in rural settings as a platform for delivering community level interventions to improve and manage disease control. This project has a target age group of children under the age of 5 years. Supporting LIFE targets disease control in a multi-target intervention. It helps to ensure accurate diagnosis for those most affected by malaria/infantile diarrhoea (children under 5 years) and helps to ensure accurate and prompt treatment thus providing accurate real time disease statistics in an area by monitoring symptom trends (e.g. fever/diarrhoea) centrally. It targets other common disease entities which are major causes of morbidity and mortality such as pneumonia thereby increasing its utility. It reduces barriers to care by providing expert systems at low cost to people at their closest point of contact.

Manda M.,P Bag 201 | Wanda E.,Mzuzu University
Environment and Urbanization | Year: 2017

The urban centre of Karonga in Malawi experiences many large and small disasters, including earthquakes, strong winds and floods. Inhabitants also face such everyday risks as unsafe water, poor-quality sanitation and widespread use of dirty fuels within households. However, the nature and scale of the risks are poorly understood. Based on data from 380 systematically selected households in Karonga, this paper explores the frequency and impacts of small and large disasters and everyday risks, finding informal settlements in flood zones to be most affected. Impacts vary according to differences in levels of income, planning and housing status, access to water, sanitation and the type of energy used by households. Attempts to reduce and respond to disaster risk are affected by weak governance structures. The knowledge can create the basis for capacity building at both the community and local government levels. © 2017, © 2017 International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED).

Despite the occurrence of fatal landslides in Malawi, literature is not available on their socio-economic and environmental effects. Limited or no research is being carried out in this area except for technical reports commissioned by the government. Landsliding does not appear on the ten environmental concerns affecting the nation. This paper attempts to examine the socio-economic and environmental effects of landslides that struck parts of Ntcheu district of central Malawi and Rumphi district of northern Malawi in 2003. This paper asserts that poor rural people are more vulnerable to landslides and their resilience is low. Unsustainable production systems, inappropriate location of settlements, low incomes coupled with lack of government support aggravates the situation. Mitigation measures, which were in conflict with people's production systems, prevented them from participating in the rehabilitation of the areas. Lack of support from government for the reconstruction and regeneration of local production had economic effects such as loss of livelihood, unemployment, decreased productivity and out migration to urban centers. The study recommends the participation of all stakeholders in reducing the impacts of landslides and the development of disaster management plans to achieve timely response to landslide hazards. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009.

Ryan J.A.,Mzuzu University
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory | Year: 2015

We produce an upper bound on the number of extended irreducible binary quartic Goppa codes of length 2n+1, where n > 3 is a prime number. © 2015 IEEE.

Purpose: The purpose of this research is to look at the state, adoption and use of ICTs by students and academic staff at Mzuzu University. Design/methodology/approach: The research used a survey method whose study population included students, academic and library staff. Data for the study were collected using an interview guide and questionnaires. Findings: The research found out the state of ICTs at Mzuzu University was poor. In spite of this, adoption and use of ICTs was high. ICTs were mainly used for academic-related word processing tasks, including internet access. However, most of the respondents used personal laptop computers connected to an MTL/TNM/AIRTEL dongle, a personal GSM phone, or commercial internet cybercafés off campus to access the internet. The university network was not used much. Obstacles to the adoption and use of ICTs included poor network infrastructure, the limited number of computers, the high cost of internet access, persistent power outages, and the lack of relevant ICT skills, among others. Research limitations/implications: The study did not involve postgraduate students because many of them pursue their studies by research, and hence they could have been difficult to contact. Adjunct academic members of staff were also excluded because of anticipated accessibility challenges. The findings of this study, therefore, may not necessarily apply to these groups. Practical implications: The paper makes some recommendations, which, if acted upon by Mzuzu University management, would help improve the state of ICTs at the institution. Originality/value: Malawi is a country that has generally lagged behind other countries in terms of ICT adoption and use. However, the magnitude of the problem, especially in institutions of higher learning, is relatively unknown owing to the lack of research undertakings in the field. This paper is therefore valuable because it gives a clear picture of the situation on the ground, and also suggests ways of how the problems faced could be solved. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

This study sought to optimize the envelope thermal design of free-running urban residential buildings in Malawi. It specifically set out to improve the urban residential buildings' thermal comfort and suggest optimal envelope thermal design features for these buildings. The research study was primarily dependent on computer simulations in EnergyPlus to replicate the typical Malawian urban residential building's thermal behaviour and then study the impacts of various envelope configurations on the thermal comfort conditions registered in the building. The simulation model was experimentally validated to check its appropriateness to the climatic design conditions prevalent in Malawi and out of the three major cities that were considered, the model was found to be appropriate for use in the two cities of Mzuzu and Lilongwe leaving out the city of Blantyre. The optimization methodology that was employed involved the use of orthogonal arrays, statistical analyses and the listing method. It was found that the optimal envelope thermal design, which registered up to 18% lower discomfort hours than that of the typical urban residential building, consists of a 50 mm concrete floor slab, 230 mm burnt brick walls with an external layer of 19 mm EPS, tiled roof with an internal layer of sarking and 50 mm EPS, double Low-E Glazing with a transparency ratio of 45% and 0.2408 m2 of adaptable operational surface area for the air bricks. Out of all the envelope features that were studied, air infiltration registered the most significant contribution towards the ultimate residential building thermal performance. It was demonstrated that controlled air infiltration through the use of operable air bricks whose operational surface area is adaptable can be very effective in enhancing the building's comfort levels. It was further observed that excessive insulation of the building envelope generally has a detrimental effect on the indoor space thermal comfort levels. © 2016 by the author.

The paper examines the progress made regarding the development of small irrigation dams in Malawi with the view of establishing their significance in improving rural livelihoods in the country. The paper adopts a political economy theory and a qualitative research approach. Evidence from Mzuzu Agricultural Development Division (ADD), where small reservoirs acquire specific relevance, shows that despite the efforts made, the development of small dams is making little progress. The paper highlights that problems of top-down planning, high investment costs, negligence of national and local interests, over-dependency on donors, and conflicts over the use of dams - which made large-scale dams unpopular in the 1990s - continue to affect the development of small irrigation dams in Malawi. The paper argues that small irrigation dams should not be simplistically seen as a panacea to the problems of large-scale irrigation dams. Like any other projects, small dams are historically and socially constructed through interests of different actors in the local settings, and can only succeed if actors, especially those from formal institutions, develop adaptive learning towards apparent conflicting relations that develop among them in the process of implementation. In the case of Mzuzu ADD, it was the failure of the government to develop this adaptive learning to the contestations and conflicts among these actors that undermined successful implementation of small irrigation dams. The paper recommends the need to consider local circumstances, politics, interests, rights and institutions when investing in small irrigation dams.

Chalemba L.,Mzuzu University
International Journal of Wireless and Mobile Computing | Year: 2014

This paper presents a new cluster-based route discovery method for On Demand Multicast Routing Protocol (ODMRP) intended for efficient and reliable multicasting over cluster-based topologies of Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANETs). The proposed method uses a combination of a number of cluster-related ideas available in the literature and a novel technique of using secondary cluster-heads proposed in this paper. Secondary cluster-heads offer load balancing which is aimed at providing reliable multicast services. The proposed method was tested by a computer simulation conducted in GloMoSim and the results show that the method is capable of accomplishing its goals by requiring only about 50% of the network resources needed by the blind flooding method of ODMRP. © 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

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