Saha N.,Mymensingh Medical College MMC
Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ | Year: 2013
Inguinal hernia repair is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures in infants and young children. This prospective comparative study was conducted with initial experience in the department of pediatric surgery, Dhaka Shishu (children) hospital during the period of July 2007 to August 2008. We enrolled 62 children undergoing surgery for inguinal hernia, of which 30 underwent laparoscopic procedure (bilateral in 21, unilateral 9) and 32 open procedures (bilateral in 5, unilateral in 27). Mean±SD patient age was 5.92±2.11 months in laparoscopic group and 6.63±2.64 months in open group (p=0.264), 3 months to 5 years in both groups. Patients were studied under variables of operative time, duration of postoperative hospital stay & post operative complications. During laparoscopy a contralateral patent processus vaginalis of ≥2cm was noted and repaired peroperatively in 18 out of 27 children (66%), who were initially diagnosed as unilateral hernia. For unilateral repair mean±SD operative time was significantly longer in Group A (62.63±52.75) minutes compares to the Group B (29.37±9.40), p<0.001. On the contrary, for bilateral repair Mean±SD operative time was comparable between the two groups (64.65±49.70) minutes for laparoscopy & (35.65±11.53 minutes) for open herniotomy & P=0.01, that was not remarkably significant. The mean±SD post operative length of hospital stay (in hours) 36.00±32.7 hours in Group A compared to 29.97±11.82 hours in Group B which was not statically significant (p=0.342). The mean±SD follow up was 24.5±10.5 months in laparoscopic group (Group A) & 22.5±10.5 months in open group (Group B), p=0.251. Regarding post operative complication, in this study, contra lateral metachronous inguinal hernia (CMIH) manifested in none of the patient out of 27 (total unilateral repaired number) patients in laparoscopic group but contrary to this in open group 2 patients out of 27 had developed CMIH & p value was <0.05, which is statistically significant. There were 2 cases of scrotal hydrocele out of 30, observed in Group A whereas 1 case out of 32 in Group B, p=0.49, which was statistically insignificant. The scrotal hydrocele was lasted only for 2 days & resolved spontaneously. About recurrence after operation, our study noted that, 1 case (3.3%) out of 30 in laparoscopic group and 2 cases (6%) out of 32 in open surgery group had developed recurrent inguinal hernia in about one year follow up where p value was 0.459, & it was statistically insignificant. In this study, none of the patient had developed post operative testicular atrophy (due to any vas or vascular injury) or testicular ascend. So, overall this study result implies that, Laparoscopic herniotomy might be a safe and effective option as open herniotomy for the treatment of inguinal hernia in children but which one would be superior or best option it requires a large series of randomized trial.
Sarkar S.R.,Mymensingh Medical College MMC
Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ | Year: 2014
Campylobacteriosis is a collective term, used for infectious, emerging foodborne disease caused by Campylobacter species comprising Gram negative, curved, and microaerophilic pathogens. The true incidence of human campylobacteriosis is unknown for most countries of the world including Bangladesh. But campylobacteriosis is not uncommon in our country. Due to its increasing incidence in many countries of the world, it is an important issue now a day. Animals such as birds are the main sources of infection. Farm animals such as cattle, poultry are commonly infected from such sources and raw milk, undercooked or poorly handled meat becomes contaminated. Transmission of campylobacteriosis to human occurs through consumption of infected, unpasteurized animal milk and milk products, undercooked poultry and through contaminated drinking water. Contact with contaminated poultry, livestock or household pets, especially puppies, can also cause disease. Due to variability of clinical features and limited availability of laboratory facilities, the disease remains largely under-reported. Early and specific diagnosis is important to ensure a favourable outcome regarding this food borne disease. Antibiotic treatment is controversial, and has only a benefit on the duration of symptoms. Campylobacter infections can be prevented by some simple hygienic food handling practices.
Paul G.K.,Mymensingh Medical College MMC
Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ | Year: 2010
The role of platelets in the pathogenesis of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has been substantiated by studies that demonstrated significant clinical benefits associated with antiplatelet therapy. Initial platelet counts in Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) may be a useful adjunct for identifying those patients who may or may not respond to fibrinolytic agents. Patient with acute STEMI has variable level of platelet count and with higher platelet count have poor in hospital outcome. There are many predictors of poor outcome in Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) like cardiac biomarkers (Troponin I, Troponin T and CK-MB), C-Reactive Protien (CRP) and WBC (White Blood Cell) counts. Platelet count on presentation of STEMI is one of them. Higher platelet count is associated with higher rate of adverse clinical outcome in ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI), like heart failure, arrhythmia, re-infarction & death. So, categorization of patient with STEMI on the basis of platelet counts may be helpful for risk stratification and management of these patients.
Mohiuddin M.,Mymensingh Medical College MMC
Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ | Year: 2012
Carcinoma of breast is the second most common cancer among women next to uterine cervical cancer in Bangladesh. It was well established that 5 years survival rates greatly vary among the different stages of carcinoma of breast disease. The study was carried out to see the stages of presentation of carcinoma of breast patient to a tertiary level hospital attended first time for medical help as well as to find out the factors responsible for the late (advanced) stage presentation. This descriptive type of cross sectional study was carried out in the department of surgery, Mymensingh Medical College and Hospital (MMCH) during the period of May 2010 to April 2011. A total of 110 cases admitted with carcinoma breast diagnosed by means of FNAC positive or suspicious findings were selected purposively during the study period. Patients were staged initially according to the TNM staging system by through clinical examination as well as final clinicopathological stages were done after histopathological examination of the resected specimen (breast with or without axillary lymphnode) in resectable cases. Among the advanced stage presentation, attempts were made to find out the factors responsible for advanced stage of the disease. The results showed that carcinoma of breast predominantly a disease of female and comparatively younger age group 40-49 years affected mostly in 40.9% cases with a mean age of 44.02 ± 10.32 years. Premenopausal lady mostly affected in 63.6% cases. Majority of patients presented in advanced stage of the disease in 62.8% cases. Multiple factors were observed responsible for the advanced stage of the disease - among them delay in hospital presentation, poor socioeconomic condition and illiteracy have found to be associated which were statistically significant (p<0.001). It was needed for mass awareness program against the breast cancer in our society. Necessary steps should be taken for the initiation of breast self examination (BSE) to patients and clinical breast examination (CBE) to health care providers.
Khan N.A.,Mymensingh Medical College MMC
Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ | Year: 2014
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergilosis (ABPA) is immunological pulmonary disease caused by hypersensitivity of aspergillus fumigatus usually occurs in patients with chronic asthma, cystic fibrosis and bronchiactasis. This disease may present with divers radiological presentation like; fleeting pulmonary opacities, bronchiactasis, mucoid impaction, perihilar opacity (hailer lymphadenopathy), and lung mass or pleural effusion. We describe the case of a 30 year old housewife who presented with progressive dysponea, low grade fever, dry cough, weight loss and miliary nodule in chest radiograph and high-resolution CT (HRCT) in a tertiary level hospital of Bangladesh. A diagnosis of ABPA was established on the basis of sputum routine microscopy and culture examination for fungus (Aspergillus).