Vilnius, Lithuania

Mykolas Romeris University
Vilnius, Lithuania

Mykolas Romeris University is a university in the capital city of Vilnius, Lithuania, bearing the name of the Lithuanian legal scholar, judge and father of Lithuania's Constitutional Law Mykolas Römeris. Established in 2004, it is a state-funded institution.Mykolas Romeris University is one of the largest universities in Lithuania, currently having 17,500 students. Wikipedia.

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Streimikiene D.,Mykolas Romeris University | Balezentis T.,Lithuanian Institute of Agrarian Economics | Krisciukaitien I.,Lithuanian Institute of Agrarian Economics | Balezentis A.,Mykolas Romeris University
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2012

Economic, technological, social, and political developments stressed the need for shifts in energy-mix. Therefore it is important to provide a rationale for sustainable decision making in energy policy. The aim of this paper is to develop the multi-criteria decision support framework for choosing the most sustainable electricity production technologies. Given selection of sustainable energy sources involves many conflicting criteria, multi-criteria decision methods MULTIMOORA and TOPSIS were employed for the analysis. The indicator system covering different approaches of sustainability was established. The analysis proved that the future energy policy should be oriented towards the sustainable energy technologies, namely water and solar thermal ones. It is the proposed multi-criteria assessment framework that can constitute a basis for further sub-regional optimization of sustainable energy policy. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Streimikiene D.,Mykolas Romeris University | Volochovic A.,University of Management and Economics | Simanaviciene Z.,University of Management and Economics
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2012

Energy efficiency is an important issue of European climate policy. Energy efficiency is measured by the energy intensity of an economy showing how much energy (expressed in kilograms of oil equivalent, kgoe) is used for the production of one unit (1000 EUR) of GDP. There are huge differences between EU old and new member states. Though there are some trends of energy intensity convergence between EU member states however the achieved decrease in energy intensity is attributable mostly to a loss of energy-intensive industrial capacities in the transformation process. There is a crucial difference between whether the energy intensity of a given economy decreases as a result of downscaling energy-intensive activities or because of increased energy efficiency in activities that are maintained. It is important to make sure that this distinction is made within the policy framework which at present is not the case. The aim of the paper is to assess policies targeting energy intensity decrease in Lithuania in terms of efficiency, effectiveness and efficacy and to select the best policies able to increase energy efficiency in activities that are maintained. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All right reserved.

Balkiene K.,Mykolas Romeris University
Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues | Year: 2013

A paper seeks to justify a need for the better development of sustainable innovative entrepreneurship by public policy initiatives. It takes into account two sides of this issue going from the main challenges of business innovation activity to the possible public policy actions necessary to improve the existing situation. The main focus of this paper is directed on the improvement of current Lithuania's innovation policy for the more effective business innovation promotion. Moreover, a concept of the innovative entrepreneurship is also discussed here as a foundation of the linkage between innovation and entrepreneurship policies. The research is based on the interpretative, systematic and comparable analysis of the quantitative and qualitative data. The paper provides the results of Lithuania's innovative enterprises survey performed by the author. The findings include the issues related to the innovative business needs and the role of innovation policy actions in the promotion of this kind of business.

Sustainable development is universal ideology, which must be implemented in all areas of public life. Public procurement is a universal procedure for purchasing the products required for the subjects of public administration. As a social system this institute is being influenced by various factors of its environments, but at the same time it may also influence the same elements. That's why the public procurement worldwide is accepted as a public policy tool. The implementation of sustainable development concept is one of the areas where public procurement may be used as an effective tool promoting main ideas in economic, social and environmental aspects. Sustainable public procurement is a concept which has not been revealed in Lithuanian science yet. According to the research papers and legal acts of foreign countries, sustainability in public procurement refers to such aspects as best value for price, lowest price of all life circle, responsiveness for environmental issues and using of measures of social effects. The results of research reveal that the legal system of Lithuanian Republic contains certain manifestations of the use of public procurement to implement the sustainable development concept. Despite of the fact that the main legal acts regulating public procurement do not define the determination of sustainable public procurement, certain provisions empower the purchasing organizations to use environmental and social environments during the procurement procedures on its own initiative. Moreover, in recent years the imperative order to impose the part of annual procurement for social and environmental purposes is being fortified. However, the lack of clear and pointed towards effective achievement of the goals in the field of implementation of sustainable development concept in public policy was detected. In order to achieve more effective transplantation of sustainable development concept implementation in Lithuanian legal system, further researches of worldwide practice and modelling of transition of such practices into Lithuanian legal environment are required.

Balezentiene L.,Lithuanian University of Agriculture | Streimikiene D.,Mykolas Romeris University | Balezentis T.,Lithuanian Institute of Agrarian Economics
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2013

Both strategic and environmental factors make biomass an important energy source and element of sustainable energy policy. The establishment of a reasonable energy crop-mix, indeed, involves various uncertain data. This paper, therefore, offers a multi-criteria decision making framework for prioritization of energy crops based on fuzzy MULTIMOORA method which enables to tackle imprecise information. Given the appropriate energy crop-mix should exhibit both climatic suitability and low environmental pressure, we have defined the indicator set covering respective linguistic and numeric indicators. Accordingly, the set of alternatives were constructed from energy crops suitable for the Lithuanian climate. The fuzzy MULTIMOORA method was employed for data fusion and prioritization. As a result, the prospective species for energy crop-mix were suggested. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Bileisis M.,Mykolas Romeris University
Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues | Year: 2012

Arguably World War II had a fundamental and profound impact on the Western culture, practices and institutions. One central feature of this impact was the disillusionment with the capacity of social sciences to help policymakers improve society. The past 60 or so years have seen a major crisis of identity throughout the disciplines of social science. On one hand, positivism stood on the premise that the war was a result of irrational and pseudoscientific totalitarian social theories; on the other hand, post-modernist (and various other "postisms") raised doubts about the possibility of social science being something more than just another variation of totalitarian ideology. This polarization has seen animated polemic and methodological confrontation with seemingly no victors. As a result, social science as a whole lost its reputation as a credible source of knowledge for successful action. A strand of social science reformers in various disciplines are trying to build alternative definitions of what social science ought to constitute which would accommodate claims of both warring sides. However, persuasive as these integrative attempts may be, such ideas are having a hard time of becoming the mainstream of social science. By borrowing from institutionalist perspectives, this paper constructs an argument that the reason for the lack of relevance of social science in business and policy is not so much a methodological weakness of the science as it is the incompatibility of institutionalized interest between business and the academe.

Arnett J.J.,Clark University | Zukauskiene R.,Mykolas Romeris University | Sugimura K.,Hiroshima University
The Lancet Psychiatry | Year: 2014

Since 1960 demographic trends towards longer time in education and late age to enter into marriage and of parenthood have led to the rise of a new life stage at ages 18-29 years, now widely known as emerging adulthood in developmental psychology. In this review we present some of the demographics of emerging adulthood in high-income countries with respect to the prevalence of tertiary education and the timing of parenthood. We examine the characteristics of emerging adulthood in several regions (with a focus on mental health implications) including distinctive features of emerging adulthood in the USA, unemployment in Europe, and a shift towards greater individualism in Japan. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SSH | Award Amount: 202.30K | Year: 2013

During the Lithuanian EU Presidency Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania) proposes to organize an international conference Horizons for Social Sciences and Humanities in Vilnius on 23-24th September, 2013. The Steering Committee of the conference will include distinguished European scientific leaders from different fields of social sciences and humanities, chaired by Professor Helga Nowotny, Professor emeritus of ETH Zurich and currently President of the European Research Council. Prior to the conference a scientifically guided consultation with leading European researchers, universities, research organizations and societies is envisaged. The conference is dedicated to the relations of social sciences and humanities and science / research policy, in particular Horizon 2020. The first day of the conference will be organized along three thematic topics: 1) Diversities and Common Grounds, 2) Evaluation and Assessment, 3) Education and Training. Following these topics, the second day of the conference will focus on the questions, what is the role of SSH in Horizon 2020, and what capacities are needed to meet the challenges addressed in it? The conference is organized in order to bring together scholars from SSH and other disciplines, business companies and policy makers, industry and media representatives, about 400 people, and work towards a better visibility, integration, and implementation of SSH into science and research policies. Based on the results of the consultation process and conference discussions, a declaration will be prepared. The conference homepage will be developed which will serve not only as the main site for information but will be also used as repository for all documents submitted to the consultation. A special issue in one of the prestigious journals on research policy and extensive media coverage of the conference is foreseen.

Sajavicius S.,Vilnius University | Sajavicius S.,Mykolas Romeris University
Computers and Mathematics with Applications | Year: 2014

The development of numerical methods for the solution of partial differential equations (PDEs) with nonlocal boundary conditions is important, since such type of problems arise as mathematical models of various real-world processes. We use radial basis function (RBF) collocation technique for the solution of a multidimensional linear elliptic equation with classical Dirichlet boundary condition and nonlocal integral conditions. RBF-based meshless methods are easily implemented and efficient, especially for multidimensional problems formulated on complexly shaped domains. In this paper, properties of the method are investigated by studying two- and three-dimensional test examples with manufactured solutions. We analyze the influence of the RBF shape parameter and the distribution of the nodes on the accuracy of the method as well as the influence of nonlocal conditions on the conditioning of the collocation matrix. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2012.1.6-1 | Award Amount: 4.84M | Year: 2014

The detection of illegal compounds is an important analytical problem which requires reliable, selective and sensitive detection method that provides the highest level of confidence in the result. Moreover, to contribute in the successful development the automated target acquisition, identification and signal processing of data from the sensor is mandatory. Enhancements to sensing methods, recognition ability and target detection time lead with the algorithms improvements in software that is complementary to improving sensor hardware. In the end, the sensing device should be portable, rapid, easy in use, highly sensitive, specific (minimal false positives), and low cost. SEC.2012.1.6-1 Digital, minituarised, operational tool for investigation Capability project would be suitable to our research activity. We aim in the end of the project to demonstrate a working sensing device that can be further developed into a portable, miniaturized, automated, rapid, low cost, highly sensitive, and simple, sniffer and detection unit based on a disposable micro-colorimetric chip, which can be used for identification of illegal drugs or drug precursors. The project will combine highly advanced disciplines, like organic chemistry, micro fabrication and hardware technology, machine learning and signal processing techniques, to support the development of a miniaturized sensor system that can be used for identification of illegal drugs or drug precursors providing custom officers, police etc. with an effective tool to control trafficking of illegal drugs and drug precursors.

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