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Gaikwad V.,MVJ Medical College | Rao D.H.,Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2014

Background: Gender-based violence is universal, differing only in scope from one society to the other. The most common form of violence against women is domestic violence or violence within families. Objectives: 1.To study the prevalence and different forms of domestic violence perpetrated by intimate partner against married women.2.To study socio economic and demographic factors which affect the victimization of woman for domestic violence. Method: Total 548 currently married women in the reproductive age group (15-45 yrs) were interviewed by systematic random sampling with prior consent using a well designed, pre- tested questionnaire. The questionnaire addressed both current and past episodes of domestic violence within one year. The data was analyzed by percentages and chi-square test. Results: Prevalence of domestic violence was found to be 36.86% in the study group. Verbal abuse was reported by 33.21% of the women, Physical abuse by 26.82% of the women,Psychological abuse by 12.59% of the women and Sexual abuse by 24.64% of the women. Among the 202 victimized women none of them reported to the police. Interpretation and conclusions: The vulnerability to domestic violence was found significantly associated with age education of women and husband, employment status, duration of marriage and addiction of husband to alcohol.


Garg S.,Saraswathi Institute of Medical science | Ramya C.S.,MVJ Medical College | Shankar V.,Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College | Kutty K.,Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Indian Journal of Psychiatry | Year: 2015

Objective: The aim was to study the effect of short-term Yoga therapy program on quality of life in patients suffering from psychosomatic ailments. Methods: Sample size and Study period: All the subjects coming to SVYASA AROGYADHAMA in month of July 2011 for Yoga therapy for various psychosomatic ailments and were free of any primary psychiatric illness and volunteering to participate were enrolled in the study after taking informed consent. Their physical condition was healthy enough to practice Yoga as judged clinically. All subjects (n = 94) who were enrolled in the study underwent Integrated Approach to Yoga Therapy, which included Asanas, Pranayamas, meditation, Kriyas and lectures on practice of Yoga and derived special techniques in their respective sections. The quality of life was assessed by SF-12 questionnaire and thereby calculating Physical and Mental Composite Scores (PCS and MCS) before and after 1 week of Yoga therapy. Data thus obtained was analyzed using paired t-test. Results: A significant improvement (P < 0.001) was seen in the study group in both PCS (from mean ± SD of 37.50 ± 9.58 to 43.7 ± 8.73) and MCS (from 45.87 ± 9.57 to 53.35 ± 7.9.) with minor variations in patients of various departments. Conclusion: A short-term Yoga therapy program leads to a remarkable improvement in the quality of life of the subjects and can contribute favorably in the management of psychosomatic disorders.


PubMed | MVJ Medical College, Saraswathi Institute of Medical science and Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Indian journal of psychiatry | Year: 2015

The aim was to study the effect of short-term Yoga therapy program on quality of life in patients suffering from psychosomatic ailments.Sample size and Study period: All the subjects coming to SVYASA AROGYADHAMA in month of July 2011 for Yoga therapy for various psychosomatic ailments and were free of any primary psychiatric illness and volunteering to participate were enrolled in the study after taking informed consent. Their physical condition was healthy enough to practice Yoga as judged clinically. All subjects (n = 94) who were enrolled in the study underwent Integrated Approach to Yoga Therapy, which included Asanas, Pranayamas, meditation, Kriyas and lectures on practice of Yoga and derived special techniques in their respective sections. The quality of life was assessed by SF-12 questionnaire and thereby calculating Physical and Mental Composite Scores (PCS and MCS) before and after 1 week of Yoga therapy. Data thus obtained was analyzed using paired t-test.A significant improvement (P < 0.001) was seen in the study group in both PCS (from mean SD of 37.50 9.58 to 43.7 8.73) and MCS (from 45.87 9.57 to 53.35 7.9.) with minor variations in patients of various departments.A short-term Yoga therapy program leads to a remarkable improvement in the quality of life of the subjects and can contribute favorably in the management of psychosomatic disorders.


PubMed | MVJ Medical College and M S Ramaiah Medical College
Type: | Journal: The Medico-legal journal | Year: 2016

This study was conducted at the M. S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, between October 2007 and September 2009 to analyse the age and sex distribution of unnatural deaths in children, patterns and manner of death. Detailed information regarding the circumstances of death was sought from the relatives, friends and police. The scene of occurrence was visited, and photographs of the scene of occurrence were examined in relevant cases. Unnatural deaths in children constituted 6.62% of the total autopsies conducted. The majority of childhood deaths were in the age group of 15-18 years of both sexes constituting 46.88%. Males constituted 55.22% of cases. Suicide accounted for 40.63% of the cases. Most children committed suicide by hanging (82.05%). The main reason was academic failure and some of the cases were accidental (48.96%). Road traffic accidents accounted for 26.04% of the cases, where most children were pedestrians (56%). Drowning accounted for 15.63% of the cases. Most of the children drowned while playing near ponds (83.33%). Homicide accounted for 9.36% of the cases - either killed by their mother as part of a pedicide-suicide event or by the father, and in two cases the children were sexually abused before being killed.


Kutare A.,MVJ Medical college | Pandit D.D.,Terna Medical College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2014

Background: Behaviours adopted during adolescence affect the reproductive health in the long run. Objectives: 1.To study the socio-demographic characteristics of adolescent girls.2.To study knowledge, attitude and behaviour of adolescent girls with reference to reproductive health issues.3.To explore the reproductive health needs of adolescent girls. Materials and Method: A list of all adolescent girls was obtained from ICDS project catering to the study area. Total 200 adolescent girls in the age group of 15-19 years were interviewed by systematic random sampling, maintaining full privacy, with prior consent using a pretested questionnaire containing structured, pre-coded and few open ended questions. The data was analyzed by using percentages and chi-square test. Results: Only 28.14% females had a prior knowledge of menstruation. About 11.5% mentioned that females determine the sex of the child. Less than half, 49.5% were aware about any family planning method. More than 3/4th adolescent girls interviewed knew about the principle modes of transmission of AIDS. Only 38.5% females were aware of the potential benefit of condom use in preventing HIV transmission.92% expressed the need to have detail information on conception and family planning. Interpretation and conclusions: A significant number of girls were unaware about the various reproductive health issues, ranging from menstruation, conception, contraception to STI'S and HIV-AIDS. Significant association was seen between their level of education and knowledge on HIV-AIDS and Myths about HIV. © 2014, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved.


Sudeepa D.,The Oxford Medical College Hospital & Research Center | Madhukumar S.,MVJ Medical College | Pavithra M.B.,MVJ Medical College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2016

Introduction: Stress is a reaction to a change or a strain. The change or strain can be primarily physical, such as having an illness or an injury. It can also be primarily emotional, such as being worries, upset, anxious or depressed. Objectives: To find out the proportion of stress among school children. Methodology: This study was conducted among the selected schools of Bangalore city, 1203 high school students were interviewed of which 600 students were from government schools another 603 were from private schools. Levels of stress was measured using The Holmes Rahe social maladjustment rating scale. Results: A total of 1203 students were interviewed of which 600 were from Government schools, 603 were from private schools. Males were 648(53.9%) and females 555(46.1%). The age of the study subjects ranged from 11 to 18 years, maximum numbers of students were in the age group of 14 years 390 (32.3%). Stress levels are as follows mild Stress 59 (4.9%) moderate Stress 27 (2.2%) and Severe Stress 2 (0.2%). It was observed that the difference in distribution of stress among both the sexes were not statistically significant (P = 0.8) Conclusion: The relationship between stress and illness, while real, is complex and not a simple matter to study. Lot of research is neeeded in this area. © 2016, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved.


Purushotham Naidu R.,Biocon | Rekha M.S.,MVJ Medical College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2014

Background & objectives: Pain is universally understood as signal of disease. It is unique among the sensation in that it has a built in unpleasant effect. It is the most common symptom that brings patient to physician attention. The cardiovascular and renal system shares a numerous anatomic and functional pathways with the nociception network. Besides well known role of Angiotensin system in Blood pressure control and an interaction of angiotensin and pain perception has been suggested. Hence this study was conducted to evaluate and compare the effect of Perindopril (ACEI) and Candesartan (ARB) on pain perception in albino rats. Method: Inbred albino rats (Wistar strain) weighing 200-250g of either sex were used for the study. Animals were divided in seven groups containing 6 animals each (control group, treatment groups). Drugs were injected (i.p) as per the individualized dosages to the animals and the reaction time of animal's recorded using hot plate and tail flick latency method at different time points (pre-treatment, 15, 30, 60, 90 and 120 min post drug administration). The data collected were subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS. Results: Following drug administration there was a dose dependent reduction in reaction time at different time points irrespective of the models and treatment groups. Significant reduction (p <0.05) in reaction time (hot plate model) was observed at highest doses (2mg/kg) in the treatment groups. Conclusion: Both Perindopril (ACEI) and Candesartan (ARB) showed to have hyperalgesic effects on dose to dose basis in thermal induced pain models. It is also inferred that Perindopril produced more hyperalgesic effects than Candesartan on dose to dose basis. © 2014 Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved.


Kulkarni P.K.,Mvj Medical College | Shekhar S.,Mvj Medical College | Reddy B.N.,Mvj Medical College | Nirmala B.C.,Mvj Medical College
Indian Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2011

Guidelines for measuring blood pressure includes measurement of blood pressure on both arms but it is often ignored. Our case report aims at highlighting the need follow the guidelines. A 60 year old 59 kg weighing male asymptomatic patient without any comobidities was posted for bilateral inguinal hernia repair. The interarm blood pressure difference was discovered incidentally during his preanaesthetic evalution. On further evaluation patient was found to be having subclavian stenosis on left side which was asymptomatic. Intraoperative and post operative period was uneventful. Blood pressure measurement should be done in accordance with the stipulated guidelines. Inter arm blood pressure difference should be noted in all patients as not only for diagnosis and treatment of hypertension but also as a tool to diagnose asymptomatic peripheral vascular disesase.


Ramesh G.,MVJ Medical College | Madhukumar S.,MVJ Medical College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2013

Objective: To analyse the response to implementation of PPTCT program in a peripheral hospital and to study the involvement of husbands for counselling and testing. Design: Prospective study Setting: PPTCT centre attached to rural medical college, MVJ Medical College & RH Study Population: All pregnant mothers attending the ante natal clinic at Dept of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at MVJ MC & RH Method: Data of 4372 women attending the antenatal clinic from April 2006 to December 2007 was analysed. Data of husband counselling and testing was also analysed. Results: Out of 4412 women, 4372 (99%) underwent pre test counselling, 2566 (58.6%) underwent post test counselling. Total number of spouse tested 290 (6.6%).Acceptability of the test after pretest counselling is 99%. Women attended post test counselling and collected reports in 58.6%. Sero prevalence of HIV was 0.73% of which 62.5% came for post test counselling and 46.8% patients got Nevirapine. Only 10% of the husbands of total antenatal cases came for counselling of which 65% got tested Conclusion: The acceptability of test after pretest counselling is satisfactory but the follow up for post test counselling and the proportion of sero positive women getting nevirapine is to be improved. There is need to enhance male involvement to make husband friendly antenatal clinic.


Dharma Vijaya M.N.,MVJ Medical College | Umashankar K.M.,MVJ Medical College | Sudha,MVJ Medical College | Gulab Nagure A.,MVJ Medical College | Kavitha G.,MVJ Medical College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2013

Background: The infection with Trichomonas vaginalis is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in humans. The prevalence of this infection has been reported to be between 2 to 8%, depending on the different socio-cultural conditions. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of T. vaginalis in the women who were referred to the gynaecologic clinics at the MVJ medical college, Bangalore, India. Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted on 750 women who were referred to the gynaecologic clinics from October 2010 to September 2012. Vaginal samples were obtained from them and they were examined by wet mount and culture methods for the detection of T. vaginalis. Results: Sixteen out of the 750 vaginal swab specimens (2.1%) were culture positive for T. vaginalis and 13 among these positive specimens (1.7%) were wet mount positive. Only 12 of the 42 patients who were clinically diagnosed as having the T. vaginalis infection, were confirmed by the culture method. Five hundred and fifty of the participants (73.3%) had at least one of signs and symptoms of trichomoniasis. No statistical correlation was observed between the clinical manifestations and the parasitological results (p>0.05). Conclusion: This study showed a low prevalence of the T. vaginalis infection in the study population. Since the clinical signs of trichomonal vaginitis are the same as those of other STDs, a confirmatory laboratory diagnosis is necessary. Wet smears, as well as culture, are sensitive for the detection of T. vaginalis.

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