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Pramod Kumar G.N.,JSS University | Arun M.,JSS University | Manjunatha B.,JSS University | Balaraj B.M.,JSS University | Verghese A.J.,MVJ Medical College
Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine | Year: 2013

A case of self-strangulation with a rare kind of ligature material is reported and discussed. The merit of the case lies in the 'self-retaining' nature of the ligature material deployed. The case subject was a 50 year old man found dead in an open field with a unique ligature material of 'plastic lock tie' in-situ at neck. Forensic autopsy revealed ligature mark above the level of thyroid cartilage, evidence of bleeding through mouth and nostrils along with generalized features of congestion. Toxicological analysis of blood and viscera detected organophosphorus poison in stomach contents. Cause of death was opined as mechanical asphyxia due to compression of neck by self-strangulation. The importance of a scrupulous forensic autopsy supplemented by ancillary investigations and circumstantial evidences are highlighted. The relevance of the visit of autopsy surgeon to the scene of occurrence is emphasized. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. All rights reserved. Source

Kutare A.,MVJ Medical College | Pandit D.D.,Terna Medical College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2014

Background: Behaviours adopted during adolescence affect the reproductive health in the long run. Objectives: 1.To study the socio-demographic characteristics of adolescent girls.2.To study knowledge, attitude and behaviour of adolescent girls with reference to reproductive health issues.3.To explore the reproductive health needs of adolescent girls. Materials and Method: A list of all adolescent girls was obtained from ICDS project catering to the study area. Total 200 adolescent girls in the age group of 15-19 years were interviewed by systematic random sampling, maintaining full privacy, with prior consent using a pretested questionnaire containing structured, pre-coded and few open ended questions. The data was analyzed by using percentages and chi-square test. Results: Only 28.14% females had a prior knowledge of menstruation. About 11.5% mentioned that females determine the sex of the child. Less than half, 49.5% were aware about any family planning method. More than 3/4th adolescent girls interviewed knew about the principle modes of transmission of AIDS. Only 38.5% females were aware of the potential benefit of condom use in preventing HIV transmission.92% expressed the need to have detail information on conception and family planning. Interpretation and conclusions: A significant number of girls were unaware about the various reproductive health issues, ranging from menstruation, conception, contraception to STI'S and HIV-AIDS. Significant association was seen between their level of education and knowledge on HIV-AIDS and Myths about HIV. © 2014, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved. Source

Gaikwad V.,MVJ Medical College | Rao D.H.,Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2014

Background: Gender-based violence is universal, differing only in scope from one society to the other. The most common form of violence against women is domestic violence or violence within families. Objectives: 1.To study the prevalence and different forms of domestic violence perpetrated by intimate partner against married women.2.To study socio economic and demographic factors which affect the victimization of woman for domestic violence. Method: Total 548 currently married women in the reproductive age group (15-45 yrs) were interviewed by systematic random sampling with prior consent using a well designed, pre- tested questionnaire. The questionnaire addressed both current and past episodes of domestic violence within one year. The data was analyzed by percentages and chi-square test. Results: Prevalence of domestic violence was found to be 36.86% in the study group. Verbal abuse was reported by 33.21% of the women, Physical abuse by 26.82% of the women,Psychological abuse by 12.59% of the women and Sexual abuse by 24.64% of the women. Among the 202 victimized women none of them reported to the police. Interpretation and conclusions: The vulnerability to domestic violence was found significantly associated with age education of women and husband, employment status, duration of marriage and addiction of husband to alcohol. Source

Purushotham Naidu R.,Biocon | Rekha M.S.,MVJ Medical College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2014

Background & objectives: Pain is universally understood as signal of disease. It is unique among the sensation in that it has a built in unpleasant effect. It is the most common symptom that brings patient to physician attention. The cardiovascular and renal system shares a numerous anatomic and functional pathways with the nociception network. Besides well known role of Angiotensin system in Blood pressure control and an interaction of angiotensin and pain perception has been suggested. Hence this study was conducted to evaluate and compare the effect of Perindopril (ACEI) and Candesartan (ARB) on pain perception in albino rats. Method: Inbred albino rats (Wistar strain) weighing 200-250g of either sex were used for the study. Animals were divided in seven groups containing 6 animals each (control group, treatment groups). Drugs were injected (i.p) as per the individualized dosages to the animals and the reaction time of animal's recorded using hot plate and tail flick latency method at different time points (pre-treatment, 15, 30, 60, 90 and 120 min post drug administration). The data collected were subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS. Results: Following drug administration there was a dose dependent reduction in reaction time at different time points irrespective of the models and treatment groups. Significant reduction (p <0.05) in reaction time (hot plate model) was observed at highest doses (2mg/kg) in the treatment groups. Conclusion: Both Perindopril (ACEI) and Candesartan (ARB) showed to have hyperalgesic effects on dose to dose basis in thermal induced pain models. It is also inferred that Perindopril produced more hyperalgesic effects than Candesartan on dose to dose basis. © 2014 Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved. Source

Ramesh G.,MVJ Medical College | Madhukumar S.,MVJ Medical College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2013

Objective: To analyse the response to implementation of PPTCT program in a peripheral hospital and to study the involvement of husbands for counselling and testing. Design: Prospective study Setting: PPTCT centre attached to rural medical college, MVJ Medical College & RH Study Population: All pregnant mothers attending the ante natal clinic at Dept of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at MVJ MC & RH Method: Data of 4372 women attending the antenatal clinic from April 2006 to December 2007 was analysed. Data of husband counselling and testing was also analysed. Results: Out of 4412 women, 4372 (99%) underwent pre test counselling, 2566 (58.6%) underwent post test counselling. Total number of spouse tested 290 (6.6%).Acceptability of the test after pretest counselling is 99%. Women attended post test counselling and collected reports in 58.6%. Sero prevalence of HIV was 0.73% of which 62.5% came for post test counselling and 46.8% patients got Nevirapine. Only 10% of the husbands of total antenatal cases came for counselling of which 65% got tested Conclusion: The acceptability of test after pretest counselling is satisfactory but the follow up for post test counselling and the proportion of sero positive women getting nevirapine is to be improved. There is need to enhance male involvement to make husband friendly antenatal clinic. Source

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