Sugawara N.,Translational Medical Center |
Sugawara N.,Hirosaki University |
Danjo K.,Mizoguchi Mental Hospital |
Furukori H.,Akuacom |
And 9 more authors.
Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment | Year: 2017
Background: Occupational stress among mental health nurses may affect their psychological health, resulting in reduced performance. To provide high-quality, sustainable nursing care, it is necessary to identify and control the factors associated with psychological health among mental health nurses. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of work–family conflict (WFC) in the well-known relationship between occupational stress and psychological health among mental health nurses in Japan. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data were gathered from 180 mental health nurses who had a coresident child or were married. Data from the Work–Family Conflict Scale, the Generic Job Stress Questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies for Depression Scale were obtained via self-report questionnaires. The effects of occupational stress and WFC on psychological health were explored by hierarchical linear regression analysis. Results: The relationship between emotional exhaustion and occupational factors, including quantitative workload and the variance in workload, disappeared with the addition of WFC (each work interference with family [WIF] or family interference with work [FIW]). The relationship between emotional exhaustion and mental demands disappeared only with the addition of WIF. The relationship between depressive symptoms and variance in workload disappeared with the addition of WFC (each WIF or FIW). Conclusion: Our findings may encourage hospital administrators to consider the risks of medical staff WFC. Furthermore, longitudinal investigations into the factors associated with WFC are required for administrative and psychological interventions. © 2017 Sugawara et al.
PubMed | ADTEC Co., Meiji Pharmaceutical University, Koujin kai Kimachi Hospital, Mutsu General Hospital and 4 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015
We developed an immunochromatography-based assay for detecting antibodies against recombinant -galactosidase A proteins in serum. The evaluation of 29 serum samples from Fabry patients, who had received enzyme replacement therapy with agalsidase alpha and/or agalsidase beta, was performed by means of this assay method, and the results clearly revealed that the patients exhibited the same level of antibodies against both agalsidase alpha and agalsidase beta, regardless of the species of recombinant -galactosidase A used for enzyme replacement therapy. A conventional enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay supported the results. Considering these, enzyme replacement therapy with agalsidase alpha or agalsidase beta would generate antibodies against the common epitopes in both agalsidase alpha and agalsidase beta. Most of the patients who showed immunopositive reaction exhibited classic Fabry phenotype and harbored gene mutations affecting biosynthesis of -galactosidase A. As immunochromatography is a handy and simple assay system which can be available at bedside, this assay method would be extremely useful for quick evaluation or first screening of serum antibodies against agalsidase alpha or agalsidase beta in Fabry disease with enzyme replacement therapy.
Factors predicting the response to oral fluoropyrimidine drugs: A phase II trial on the individualization of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy using oral fluorinated pyrimidines in stage III colorectal cancer treated by curative resection (ACT-01 Study)
Mori T.,Komagome Hospital |
Ohue M.,Japan National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute |
Takii Y.,Niigata Cancer Center Hospital |
Hashizume T.,Mutsu General Hospital |
And 4 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2013
We evaluated the predictive relevance of several biomarkers on the survival of patients with stage III colorectal cancer treated with adjuvant chemotherapy of oral fluoropyrimidines. This was a multicenter phase II trial on adult patients with histologically confirmed resected stage III (Dukes' C) colorectal cancer. Patients received oral doxifluridine (800 mg/m2/day) in 3 divided doses, or oral uracil/tegafur (UFT) (400 mg/m2/day) in 2 divided doses for 5 days, every 7 days for 12 months with a 5-year follow-up. Outcome measures were disease-free survival and tissue markers [thymidine phosphorylase (TP), dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) protein levels and T P, DPD, thymidylate synthase (TS) and orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (OPRT) mRNA levels in tumor samples and TS tandem-repeat type in blood samples]. There was a significant association between the intratumoral TP/DPD enzyme ratio and disease-free survival when the model included the drug, the parameter and the interactions between them [hazard ratio (HR)=2.76; P = 0. 00469]. The 5-year disease-free survival rate was statisti-cally significantly higher in patients with high TP/DPD ratios [median ≥2.63: 71.9%; 95% confidence interval (CI) 61.4-80.0] compared to patients with low TP/DPD ratios (<2.63: 57.0%; 95% CI 46.3-66.3) (log-rank P=0.0277) following adjuvant therapy with oral fluoropyrimidines. No significant association was observed between the intratumoral TP/DPD enzyme ratio (cut-off value 2.0) and the disease-free survival rate in the doxifluridine group; primary endpoint (log-rank P=0.6850). The magnitude of the intratumoral TP/DPD enzyme ratio may be a potential indicator for the individualization of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with oral fluoropyrimidines for stage III colorectal cancer.
Yokoyama Y.,Hirosaki University |
Futagami M.,Hirosaki University |
Watanabe J.,Hirosaki University |
Sakuraba A.,Aomori General Health Examination Center |
And 3 more authors.
Human Cell | Year: 2016
We incorporated liquid-based cytology (LBC) in population-based screening for cervical cancer. The usefulness of using LBC in mass screening for cervical cancer was examined. From 2009 to 2014, 157,061 individuals underwent mass screening for cervical cancer in Aomori Prefecture. From 2009 to 2011, cells were collected from 82,218 individuals and the specimens were conventionally prepared (CP). From 2012 to 2014, cells were collected from 74,843 individuals and the specimens were prepared using LBC (TACAS™). Cytology results for the 2 sets of specimens were compared and differences in cytologic features were examined. ASC-US and more severe lesions were detected at a rate of 1.13 % by CP and 1.44 % by LBC, so LBC had a 1.3-fold higher rate of detection. LBC had a 1.6-fold higher rate of LSIL detection and a 1.2-fold higher rate of HSIL detection. CP detected cancer in 20 cases at a rate of 0.024 % while LBC detected cancer in 18 cases at a rate of 0.024 %. Cytodiagnosis of the 18 cases of SCC that LBC identified revealed that 7 were SCC, 8 were HSIL, and 3 were ASC-H. Atypical cells tended to be smaller with TACAS™. LBC reduced the time needed for microscopic examination of a single specimen by 42 % in comparison to CP. LBC using TACAS™ allowed the detection of slight lesions and slight changes in cells. LBC can lessen the burden on medical personnel and may lead to improved accuracy. © 2016 Japan Human Cell Society and Springer Japan
PubMed | Mutsu General Hospital, Aomori General Health Examination Center, Misawa City Hospital and Hirosaki University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Human cell | Year: 2016
We incorporated liquid-based cytology (LBC) in population-based screening for cervical cancer. The usefulness of using LBC in mass screening for cervical cancer was examined. From 2009 to 2014, 157,061 individuals underwent mass screening for cervical cancer in Aomori Prefecture. From 2009 to 2011, cells were collected from 82,218 individuals and the specimens were conventionally prepared (CP). From 2012 to 2014, cells were collected from 74,843 individuals and the specimens were prepared using LBC (TACAS). Cytology results for the 2 sets of specimens were compared and differences in cytologic features were examined. ASC-US and more severe lesions were detected at a rate of 1.13 % by CP and 1.44 % by LBC, so LBC had a 1.3-fold higher rate of detection. LBC had a 1.6-fold higher rate of LSIL detection and a 1.2-fold higher rate of HSIL detection. CP detected cancer in 20 cases at a rate of 0.024 % while LBC detected cancer in 18 cases at a rate of 0.024 %. Cytodiagnosis of the 18 cases of SCC that LBC identified revealed that 7 were SCC, 8 were HSIL, and 3 were ASC-H. Atypical cells tended to be smaller with TACAS. LBC reduced the time needed for microscopic examination of a single specimen by 42 % in comparison to CP. LBC using TACAS allowed the detection of slight lesions and slight changes in cells. LBC can lessen the burden on medical personnel and may lead to improved accuracy.
Kurihara T.,Tokyo Medical University |
Yasuda I.,Gifu University |
Isayama H.,University of Tokyo |
Tsuyuguchi T.,Chiba University |
And 17 more authors.
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2016
AIM: To assess the utility and safety of single-operator cholangiopancreatoscopy (SOCPS) using the SpyGlass system in widespread clinical application for biliary and pancreatic diseases. METHODS: This study was a prospective case series conducted in 20 referral centers in Japan. There were 148 patients who underwent SOCPS; 124 for biliary diseases and 24 for pancreatic diseases. The attempted interventions were SOCPS examination, SOCPS-directed tissue sampling, and therapy for stone removal, among others. The main outcomes were related to the procedure success rate in terms of visualizing the target lesions, SOCPS-directed adequate tissue sampling, and complete stone removal. RESULTS: A total of 148 patients were enrolled for the diagnosis of indeterminate biliary and pancreatic lesions or treatment of biliary and pancreatic disease. The overall procedure success rate of visualizing the target lesions was 91.2% (135/148). The overall procedural success rates of visualizing the target lesions of diagnostic SOCPS in the bile duct and pancreatic duct were 95.5% (84/89) and 88.2% (15/17), respectively. Diagnosis: the overall adequate tissue for histologic examination was secured in 81.4% of the 86 patients who underwent biopsy under SOCPS (bile duct, 60/75, 80.0%; pancreatic duct, 10/11, 90.9%). The accuracy of histologic diagnosis using SOCPS-directed biopsies in indeterminate bile duct lesions was 70.7% (53/75). In the pancreatic duct, the accuracy of SOCPS visual impression of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm was 87.5% (14/16). Stone therapy: complete biliary and pancreatic stone clearance combined with SOCPS-directed stone therapy using electrohydraulic lithotripsy or laser lithotripsy was achieved in 74.2% (23/31) and 42.9% (3/7) of the patients, respectively. Others: SOCPS using the SpyGlass system was used in cannulation of the cystic duct in two patients and for passing across the obstructed self-expandable metallic stent for a malignant biliary stricture in two patients. All procedures were successful in both SOCPS-guided therapies. The incidence of procedure-related adverse events was 5.4% (8/148). CONCLUSION: SOCPS with direct visualization and biopsy for diagnosis and SOCPS-directed therapy for biliary and pancreatic diseases can be safely performed with a high success rate. © 2016 Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
Sato S.,Hirosaki University |
Chinda D.,Hirosaki University |
Yamai K.,Hirosaki University |
Satake R.,Hirosaki University |
And 3 more authors.
Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2014
A 65-year-old male was admitted for hemorrhagic gastric ulcer. Since anti-Helicobacter pylori-immunoglobulin G antibody tested positive, eradication therapy was administered using rabeprazole, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin. During hospitalization, colonoscopy showed normal colonic mucosa except for a polyp of the sigmoid colon. He was discharged 4 days after finishing eradication therapy, but fever up and diarrhea appeared on the following day. After re-admission, colonoscopy revealed multiple yellowish-white, small circular membranous elevations, and a diagnosis of pseudomembranous colitis was made. He was successfully treated by oral administration of vancomycin. Concomitant use of antibiotics and a proton pump inhibitor for a hospitalized patient is a risk for pseudomembranous colitis. However, H. pylori eradication therapy should be started at re-introduction of oral feeding in cases of bleeding ulcers because rebleeding can be mortal in patients in poor general condition. Physicians should consider pseudomembranous colitis as a diagnosis for the patients with diarrhea and high fever following H. pylori eradication therapy. © 2014 Springer Japan.
Lee S.,Aomori University of Health and Welfare |
Kumagai T.,Aomori University of Health and Welfare |
Hashimoto J.,Aomori University of Health and Welfare |
Satoh A.,Akita University of Nursing and Welfare |
And 3 more authors.
Hormone and Metabolic Research | Year: 2012
Bone metabolism markers associated with 4 menstrual cycle phases were evaluated in 14 healthy young females without menstrual disorder. Menstrual cycle phases were confirmed with basal body temperature for 3 months, luteinizing hormone kits, and sexual hormone concentrations of serum. The bone metabolism markers used were osteocalcin (OC), which was measured by immunoradiometric assay (IRMA), and tartrate resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP-5b), which was measured by enzyme immunometric assay (EIA). The highest values of OC and TRACP-5b were observed in the ovulation phase, and TRACP-5b increased significantly when compared with levels in the menstrual phase (p<0.05). Furthermore, the changes in sex-hormone secretion involved in OC and TRACP-5b showed specific patterns during the menstrual cycle. In other words, TRACP-5b levels are influenced by sex hormones produced during the menstrual period and are based on the bone-formation status. Therefore, it is presumed that the TRACP-5b levels during ovulation play a central role in bone formation and bone metabolism. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart - New York.
Aizawa-Yashiro T.,Hirosaki University |
Oki E.,Hirosaki University |
Tsuruga K.,Hirosaki University |
Nakahata T.,Mutsu General Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
Rheumatology International | Year: 2010
A 7-year-old Japanese boy with a 4-month history of systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (s-JIA) experienced disease flare with spiking fever, exanthema and arthralgia. He then developed progressive dyspnea due to severe pericarditis, and proinflammatory hypercytokinemia was suspected. Methylprednisolone pulse therapy was ineffective and echocardiography showed massive pericardial effusion had persisted. Alternatively, subsequent intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy resulted in dramatic resolution of the pericardial effusion, and his general condition significantly improved within a few days. This case report may lend further support the use of IVIG for selected patients with s-JIA and severe pericarditis. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.
Nakada Y.,Hirosaki University |
Terui K.,Hirosaki University |
Kageyama K.,Hirosaki University |
Tsushima Y.,Hirosaki University |
And 4 more authors.
Internal Medicine | Year: 2013
22q11.2 Deletion syndrome is recognized to be a major cause of congenital hypoparathyroidism, and affected patients exhibit a range of autoimmune characteristics. The syndrome becomes apparent in early childhood and is rarely diagnosed in adulthood. This report describes an adult case of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome first diagnosed in a 36-year-old woman with hypocalcemia caused by hypoparathyroidism and Hashimoto's thyroiditis. It is important to diagnose 22q11.2 deletion syndrome in adults because such patients are still at high risk for developing treatable diseases, such as hypocalcemia and autoimmune diseases. © 2013 The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine.