Mustafa Kemal University , abbreviaed as MKU, is a public university established 1992 at Antakya, Hatay Province in southern Turkey. It is named after the founder of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.It comprises eleven faculties, five four-year colleges, 15 two-year vocational schools, three post-graduate institutes, nine research centers, a conservatory and a university hospital. In 2010 the student enrolment of Mustafa Kemal University reached approximately 24,900 in total. The total size of the teaching faculty is 967. The main campus of the university is located in Serinyol area, 15 km north of Antakya. In 2007, the Faculty of Engineering moved from Antakya to İskenderun.The MKU is an active member of European University Association since 2001. Wikipedia.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2013.1.4-07 | Award Amount: 1.59M | Year: 2013
Sharka, caused by the Plum Pox Virus (PPV), is the most devastating disease affecting stone fruit trees in Europe. In order to respond to this critical situation, the FP7-funded SharCo project (2008-2012) devoted a significant part of its efforts on the development of first-generation PPV resistant plant materials, guidelines for new plantings, and molecular tools for the implementation of marker assisted selection (MAS) in apricot breeding programs. The first steps in establishing MAS were achieved in SharCo but presented some limitations that hampered the EU-wide implementation of a high throughput MAS approach. In this context, the current proposal, MARS (for Marker Assisted Resistance to Sharka), will boost the production of sharka resistant stone fruit cultivars by transferring the efficient and reliable procedures of MAS conceived in SharCo to SMEs. The SharCo molecular tools are continually being upgraded and these improvements will be transferred to SMEs as well; they will enable screening, at the seedling stage, thousands of apricot progenies in which several resistance genes where pyramided and/or sharka resistance was combined with locally adapted, high value varieties. It is expected that the translation of MAS to SMEs fill the need for high throughput selection of PPV resistant apricot cultivars adapted for cultivation all over Europe. Such an approach will contribute significantly to building efficient and durable resistance to sharka disease at the European level.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2012.1.2-12 | Award Amount: 3.93M | Year: 2012
The genetic changes associated with domestication in aquaculture pose an increasing threat to the integrity of native fish gene pools. Consequently, there is a bourgeoning need for the development of molecular tools to assess and monitor the genetic impact of escaped or released farmed fish. In addition, exploration of basic links between genetic differences among farmed and wild fish and differences in important life-history traits with fitness consequences are crucial prerequisites for designing biologically informed management strategies. The project AquaTrace will establish an overview of current knowledge on aquaculture breeding, genomic resources and previous research projects for the marine species seabass, seabream and turbot. The project will apply cutting-edge genomic methods for the development of high-powered, cost-efficient, forensically validated and transferable DNA based tools for identifying and tracing the impact of farmed fish in the wild. Controlled experiments with wild and farmed fish and their hybrids will be conducted with salmon and brown trout as model organisms using advanced common garden facilities. These experiments will elucidate the fundamental consequences of introgression by pinpointing and assessing the effects on fitness of specific genomic regions. Generated insights will form the basis of a risk assessment and management recommendations including suggestions for mitigation and associated costs. This information and the developed molecular tools will be available as open-access support to project participants and external stakeholders including the aquaculture industry. The project is expected to facilitate technology transfer to the aquaculture sector by promoting better tailored breeding practices and traceability throughout production chain. Overall this initiative will support the development of sustainable European aquaculture and provide Good Environmental Status in line with the Marine Strategy Framework Directive.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 787.50K | Year: 2017
Fruit trees and grapevine are propagated vegetatively and are often grafted. As a result they suffer from a high number of pathogens such as viruses and viroids, a number of which are causing severe yield losses and reduce the productive life of the affected plants. As these pathogens cannot be controlled by the application of chemicals, the most efficient way to combat them is the production and commercialization of high quality pathogen-tested propagative material. Nevertheless, this procedure is not simple and both academia and private sectors are working towards its improvement. In this direction was built the herein interdisciplinary proposal which brings together academia and private companies to collaborate through their expertise on the following objectives: 1) to identify new viral and viroid strains or species affecting fruit trees and grapevine, 2) to optimise existing and develop novel detection methods and 3) to improve propagation and sanitation methods for producing high quality (virus-tested) plant material of fruit trees and grapevine. In this project diagnostic tools that are currently used in certification programs will be combined with cutting edge technologies such as NGS and Nanobodies. The project has eight academic partners within the EU and associated countries, three within Third Countries and five non-academic partners. The knowledge obtained will be shared among the partners of the proposal and further disseminated to academic institutions, nurseries and other private sectors. Most importantly training of a new generation of researchers will be done in close contact to the needs of both industrial and academic sectors. In conclusion, the results of this proposal will enrich the knowledge on viruses/viroids associated with different diseases, improve the sensitivity of their detection methods, lead to new detection products and further contribute to the improvement of the disseminated propagative material of fruit trees and grapevine.
Demetgul C.,Mustafa Kemal University
Carbohydrate Polymers | Year: 2012
In this study, a new chitosan derivative (ketimine) was synthesized by condensation of chitosan with 4,6-diacetylresorcinol (DAR) at heterogeneous medium. The ketimine derivative of chitosan (DAR-chitosan) was characterized by elemental (C, H, N), spectral (DR-UV-vis and FT-IR spectroscopy), structural (powder XRD), and morphological (SEM) analyses. The degree of substitution (DS) of DAR-chitosan was evaluated by elemental analysis and 13C CP-MAS NMR spectroscopy and found to be around 12%. The copper (II) metal complex of DAR-chitosan was prepared and characterized by FT-IR, DR-UV-vis and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES). Thermal behaviors of the synthesized compounds were investigated by DSC and TG-DTG-DTA analysis. The catalytic activity of copper (II) complex of chitosan derivative (DAR-chitosan-Cu) was investigated on hydrogen peroxide decomposition. The copper chelate showed high efficiency (over 80%) towards the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide as heterogeneous catalyst. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Kar Y.,Mustafa Kemal University
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2011
This study investigated potential synergistic activities between tar sand and walnut shell during co-pyrolysis. A series of pyrolysis studies were conducted under specific operating conditions in a fixed-bed reactor. The highest yield of bio-oil from the co-pyrolysis was 31.84. wt.%, which represented an increase of 7.88. wt.% compared to the bio-oil yield from the pyrolysis of walnut shell alone. The bio-oils were characterized using various spectroscopic and chromatographic analysis techniques. The results indicated that the synergetic effect increased the co-pyrolysis bio-oil yield and its quality. Consequently, the results indicate that the bio-oils obtained will be suitable for the production of fuels and chemicals as feedstock after required improvements. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Yucel Y.,Mustafa Kemal University
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2011
In the present work, microbial lipase from Thermomyces lanuginosus was immobilized by covalent binding onto olive pomace. Immobilized support material used to produce biodiesel with pomace oil and methanol. The properties of the support and immobilized derivative were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The maximum immobilization of T. lanuginosus was obtained as 18.67. mg/g support and the highest specific activity was 10.31. U/mg protein. The properties of immobilized lipase were studied. The effects of protein concentration, pH and buffer concentration on the immobilization and lipase activity were investigated. Biodiesel production using the immobilized lipase was realized by a three-step addition of methanol to avoid strong substrate inhibition. Under the optimized conditions, the maximum biodiesel yield was 93% at 25. °C in 24. h reaction. The immobilized enzyme retained its activity during the 10 repeated batch reactions. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Yucel Y.,Mustafa Kemal University
Fuel Processing Technology | Year: 2012
Microbial lipase from T. lanuginosus was immobilized onto polyglutaraldehyde-activated olive pomace powder. The support was used to produce biodiesel with pomace oil and methanol. Response Surface Methodology (RSM) in combination with Central Composite Design (CCD) was used to optimize the biodiesel production parameters. Reaction temperature, molar ratio of methanol to oil, biocatalyst content and reaction time were chosen as the variables and the response selected was the yield of pomace oil methyl ester in present work. A quadratic polynomial equation was obtained for pomace oil methyl ester yield by multiple regression analysis. The optimal conditions for the transesterification have been found to be: reaction temperature of 40 °C, alcohol/oil molar ratio of 5.3:1, biocatalyst content of 5.8% w/w and reaction time of 24 h. The predicted pomace oil methyl ester yield was 92.87% under the optimal conditions. Verification experiment (91.81%) confirmed the validity of the predicted model. Biodiesel yield reached 93.73% by adding water (1% w/w) in reaction medium under the optimal conditions. Immobilized lipase was used to determine operational stability and it indicated that immobilized lipase was stable retaining more than 80% residual activity after being used repeatedly for 10 consecutive batches of pomace oil transesterification. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Cam G.,Mustafa Kemal University
International Materials Reviews | Year: 2011
The friction stir welding (FSW) technique is widely accepted to be one of the most significant welding techniques to emerge in the last 20 years. Friction stir welding of Al-alloys is now commonplace and is covered in several recent reviews, including one in this journal. Consequently, the technique is currently being used for joining of these alloys in various industrial applications. Complementary to these developments has been a dramatic increase in research into joining of other alloys and systems by FSW. This field is very active, but less mature. Thus, the aim of this review article is to build on our understanding of the fundamentals, as applied to Al-alloys that laid out in the previous review in this journal, and to address the current state-of-the-art of FSW developing beyond Al-alloys, including Mg-alloys, Cu-alloys, steels, Tialloys and metal matrix composites, focusing particularly on microstructural aspects, including texture formation, and the resulting properties of these joints. Material selection for tooling will also be covered to some extent while modelling studies of material flow during FSW are outside the scope of this paper. Finally, residual stresses are mentioned in a number of places and while these have been measured extensively for Al-alloy systems there are fewer measurements for other systems. © 2011 Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining and ASM International.
Esturk O.,Mustafa Kemal University
Food and Bioprocess Technology | Year: 2012
The effect of microwave-convective air-drying (continuous and intermittent) and convective air-drying of sage (Salvia officinalis) on color and essential oil content were studied. For microwave-convective air-drying, four pulse ratio levels (PR1, PR2, PR3, and PR4) at 25 °C drying air temperature were used and the average drying rates were 0. 404, 0. 158, 0. 114, and 0. 085 kg H 2O kg -1 DM min -1 for PR1, PR2, PR3, and PR4, respectively. For convective air-drying, two drying temperatures of 40 and 50 °C were examined and the average drying rates were 0. 005 and 0. 006 kg H 2O kg -1 DM min -1 for 40 and 50 °C, respectively. The experimental data were fitted to 11 different moisture ratio models to describe the drying kinetics under various drying conditions. Page model was found satisfactory to describe the drying curves of sage leaves. Comparing with the fresh sage, lightness (L*), greenness, and yellowness decreased for all drying applications. Lightness, greenness, and yellowness of the convective air-dried sage leaves were higher than those of microwave-convective air-dried sage leaves. The deviation from fresh product color (ΔE*) increased as the pulse ratio or the drying air temperature increased. The total quantity of essential oils of sage decreased considerably during microwave-convective air-drying whereas the loss of essential oils was limited during air-drying. © 2010 Springer Science + Business Media, LLC.
Kar Y.,Mustafa Kemal University
Waste Management | Year: 2011
In this study, the non-catalytic and catalytic pyrolysis experiments were conducted on the sample of tire waste using expanded perlite as an additive material to determine especially the effect of temperature and catalyst-to-tire ratio on the products yields and the compositions and qualities of pyrolytic oils (NCPO and CPO). Non-catalytic studies, which were carried out under the certain conditions (a nitrogen flow of 100mL/min and a heating rate of 10°C/min), showed that the highest yield of pyrolytic oil (NCPO) was 60.02wt.% at 425°C. Then, the catalytic pyrolysis studies were carried out at catalyst-to-tire ratio range of 0.05-0.25 and the highest catalytic pyrolytic oil (CPO) yield was 65.11wt.% at the ratio of 0.10 with the yield increase of 8.48wt.% compared with the non-catalytic pyrolysis. Lastly, the pyrolytic oils were characterized with applying a various techniques such as elemental analyses and various chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques (GC-MS, 1H NMR, FT-IR, etc.). The characterization results revealed that the pyrolytic oils which were complex mixtures of C 5-C 15 organic compounds (predominantly aromatic compounds) and also the CPO compared to the NCPO was more similar to conventional fuels in view of the certain fuel properties. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.