Makassar, Indonesia

Muslim University of Indonesia
Makassar, Indonesia
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Wirawan H.,Montclair State University | Bandu M.T.,Muslim University of Indonesia
International Journal of Information and Learning Technology | Year: 2016

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to consider the implication of self-efficacy training for international students (SETIS). International students faced various transitional challenges which also potentially attenuate their academic performance. Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) is sufficient in explaining this phenomenon as well as suggesting self-efficacy enhancement strategies. Design/methodology/approach – This paper is a speculative viewpoint on the implications of SETIS. The author reviewed relevant literature and systematically constructing the SETIS based on the SCT. The SCT was used to design an appropriate training to help international students cope with transitional challenges which significantly attenuate their academic performance. Findings – The SCT and self-efficacy theory were relevant in designing the training for international students. There are four key elements of the SETIS: goal-setting; effort explanation; modeling; and sharing and evaluation. The implementation of SETIS follows the common rule in conducting effective training including need assessment and post-training evaluation. Information from academic performance record, English as Second Language test score, General Self-efficacy Scale, Students’ Adaptation to College Questionnaire, and Focus Group Discussion is also necessary to justify the need for SETIS. Research limitations/implications – Despite theoretical evidence of the SETIS, further research is necessary to test the effectiveness of this training. Future study in this specific area should focus on examining the effectiveness of the training. Originality/value – This paper addressed important issues in international education. A systematic effort in providing robust and theoretical-based training for international students is necessary. By considering the importance of self-efficacy and academic performance, this paper had begun an initial effort in designing training for international students who are struggling for a transitional challenge. Additionally, this paper provides a practical guideline in implementing SETIS. © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Azizah R.N.,Muslim University of Indonesia | Andrajati R.,University of Indonesia | Supardi S.,National Health Research Institute
Der Pharma Chemica | Year: 2016

A research has been done to identifying the inappropriate use of drugs for the geriatric patients used Beers Criteria in IbnuSina Hospital Makassar. This research aims to evaluate the prevalence of PIP to the geriatric patients in IbnuSina Hospital Makassar. The PIP was evaluated by the Beers criteria. This research uses a descriptive study using the medical records of the patients with method of taking samples retrospectively from September 2014 to November 2014. The selection of this research subjects by the purposive sampling. The results of this research concluded that according to Beers Criteria, the prevalence of PIP among geriatric patient at IbnuSina Hospital Makassar in Indonesia was 87,1%. The most three of group medicines detected by Beers criteria involve insulin (54,33%), NSAID (20,47%), and Benzodiazepines (14,96%).

Mardin H.,Muslim University of Indonesia | Wardhana I.N.G.,Brawijaya University | Suprapto W.,Brawijaya University
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research | Year: 2015

This study aims to find out the effects of palm fiber soaked in sea water toward the palm fiber tensile strength and surface roughness. The palm fiber was soaked in sea water with a variation of 1 week, 2 weeks, 3 weeks and 4 weeks soaking time. After soaked in sea water the palm fiber was then dried at a room temperature for 3 hours. The last process is putting the palm fiber inside an oven for 6 hours at 80°.The result showed that for the fiber immersion time of 1 to 2 weeks would decrease the fiber strength, but for the 3 to 4 weeks fiber immersion time the fiber tensile strength increases. For the fiber surface roughness level on the fiber immersion time, the fiber surface roughness increases the highest level on the 4 weeks fiber immersion. Different fiber immersion time would result a different fiber tensile strength and a different palm fiber surface (arenga pinnata) roughness. The longer the fiber immersed in seawater, the higher the mechanical properties and surface roughness increases. The palm fiber properties changes could be seen in the fiber tensile test and the fiber surface roughness graph chart. © Research India Publications.

Liestianty D.,Khairun University | Rodianawati I.,Khairun University | Patimah,Muslim University of Indonesia | Muliadi,Khairun University
International Journal of Applied Chemistry | Year: 2016

This study aims to find out the chemical composition of modified and fortified sago starch by encapsulated phytoplankton extract. This study used a simple complete random design with 4 treatments (S0, S1, S2 dan S3) repeated three times resulting in total 12 experimental units. The treatments consisted of sago starch without modification and fortification (S0), sago starch with heat moisture treatment (HMT) (S1), sago starch fortified with 7% of phytoplankton extract flour 1 (S2), and sago starch fortified with 7% of phytoplankton extract flour 2 (S3). The study procedures included the following steps: production of modified sago starch and continued with fortified sago starch production. Each of treatment was analyzed for its chemical compositions that included water content, ash content, protein, fat, crude fibre, carbohydrate, starch, amylose, amylopectin and color. Study findings indicated that the chemical compositions of the sago starch are: water level 13.51-17.37% (significant), protein 0.11-0.27% (significant), fat 0.65-0.87 % (significant), crude fibre 0.39-1.45% (significant), carbohydrate 81.07-83 % (significant), starch 70.25-72.61% (significant), amylose 23.95-26.59 % (significant) and amylopectin 43.69-48.4 % (significant). © Research India Publications.

Kalla R.,Muslim University of Indonesia | Kalla R.,Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology | Sumarno S.,Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology | Mahfud M.,Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology
ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences | Year: 2016

Indonesia is currently developing a renewable energy-based vegetable oils include the development of biodiesel. One way of making biodiesel is the transesterification process from vegetable oils and ethanol/methanol. The transesterification process will produce primary products such as methyl ester and byproducts/waste in the form of glycerol approximately 10-15 % so that glycerol is quite abundant. Degradation of glycerol were processed by the method of sonication can produce many other compounds include acrolein. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of phosphoric acid catalyst in the degradation of glycerol. The process of production is done in sonication reactor type 316 stainless steel is equipped with an ultrasonic wave generator. The operating conditions of research are atmospheric pressure with water glycerol mass ratio is 1: 8. Research variable is the temperature of sonication 30, 40 and 50 °C, sonication time is 10, 30, 50, 70 and 90 minutes with and without the use of catalysts. Results of the experiment were analyzed by using Gas Chromatography (GC). The results showed that the ultrasonic wave radiation for glycerol degradation process can be used to produce other compounds such as acrolein and others. With the use of H3PO4 catalyst conversion is greater than without using a catalyst and increases with sonication time. The highest conversion obtained with the use of catalysts H3PO4 is 72.68 % in the sonication time of 90 minutes and a temperature of 50 °C, while the highest yield obtained was 49.50 % with the use of a catalyst H3PO4 at sonication time of 90 minutes and a temperature of 50 °C. © 2006-2016 Asian Research Publishing Network (ARPN).

Purnawansyah,Muslim University of Indonesia | Haviluddin,Mulawarman University
Proceeding - 2014 Makassar International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Informatics, MICEEI 2014 | Year: 2014

The predicting daily network traffic usage is a very important issue in the service activities of the university. This paper present techniques based on the development of backpropagation (BP) and radial basis function (RBF) neural network models, for modelling and predicting the daily network traffic at Universitas Mulawarman, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. The experiment results indicate that a strong agreement between model predictions and observed values, since MSE is below 0.005. When performance indices are compared, the RBFNN-based model is a more accurate predictor with MSE value is 0.00407999, MAPE is 0.03701870, and MAD is 0.06885187 than the BPNN model. Therefore, the smallest MSE value indicates a good method for accuracy, while RBF finding illustrates proposed best model to analyze daily network traffic. © 2014 IEEE.

Handayani V.,Muslim University of Indonesia | Wisdawati,Muslim University of Indonesia
International Journal of PharmTech Research | Year: 2015

The purple potato is widely spread in the world, including Indonesia. Not only for food, but also has medical function. It has been remedies for microbial infections.This study aims to know the effect of aqueous extract of purple potato against bacteria that cause acne, Propionibacterium acne.The inhibitory diameter of each concentration, 1%, 3%, 5%, 7%, and 9% is 7; 12,67; 13,67; 17,67; and 19,67 mm, respectively. The potency relative of extract is 1: 309; 1: 248; 1: 312; 1: 373; and 1: 362 respectively. And the MIC and MKC is 50.000 μg/ml and 100.000 μg/ml, respectively. © 2015, International Journal of PharmTech Research. All right reserved.

Wiyono E.S.,University of Indonesia | Ihsan,Muslim University of Indonesia
AACL Bioflux | Year: 2015

Based on numerous research and landing trends, blue swimming crab (Portunus pelagicus) in Indonesia are presently under considerable pressure, as the volume and sizes of catches are decreasing. However, the management strategy for blue swimming crab still lacks crucial information. For this reason, a study in relation to the dynamics of the catch landing characteristics of blue swimming crab is important. Therefore, the objectives of this study are to analyse the dynamic of blue swimming crab catches. The study was conducted in Pangkajene Kepulauan, South Sulawesi Indonesia one of the focal points for landing blue swimming crab in Indonesia. The catches, both in total weight and morphometrics were compared between the monsoon season (month) and the phases of the moon. The results of this study concluded that the greatest landings of crab catches in Pangkajene Kepulauan occurred in the dry season (June) during the new moon. A comparison of the morphometrics of gear also concluded a similar result, where the width, length and weight also achieved the highest value during the dry season (June). © 2015, BIOFLUX SRL. All rights reserved.

Wiyani L.,Muslim University of Indonesia | Aladin A.,Muslim University of Indonesia | Yani S.,Muslim University of Indonesia | Rahmawati,Muslim University of Indonesia
ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences | Year: 2016

Virgin coconut oil emulsion (VCOE) is an alternative VCO product which has a reduced amount of oily taste when the VCO is consumed directly. This study was aimed to obtain the formulation of VCOE and determine the physical and chemical properties and also stability of emulsion with the addition of mixed emulsifiers Tween 80 and Span 80 (T80S80). Emulsions were formulated using mixed emulsifiers with the mass ratio of T80 to S80 of 100:0; 80:20; 60:40; 40:60; 20:80 and 0:100, respectively. The best ratio of the emulsifier was used to determine the stability of VCO and water mixtures with the diversity ratio of VCO to water were 90:10, 80:20, 70:30, 60:40, 50:50, 40:60, 30:70, 20:80 and 10:90, respectively; the concentrations of emulsifier used were 1, 0.75 and 0.5%. VCOE was successfully formulated in the mixture of VCO-water ratio of 80:20. The VCOE products have high viscosities in each concentration of emulsifier and remained stable in room temperature. The contents of the peroxide number were 1.51 to 1.53 meq/kg sample and free fatty acid were 0.09 to 0.1%, which indicated that the emulsions were not rancid. © 2006-2016 Asian Research Publishing Network (ARPN).

Nugroho A.E.,Gadjah Mada University | Malik A.,Gadjah Mada University | Malik A.,Muslim University of Indonesia | Pramono S.,Gadjah Mada University
International Food Research Journal | Year: 2013

Cashew tree (family Anacardiaceae) grows widely in many areas of the Southeast Asia countries including Indonesia. Its fruit and nut are used forfood, whereas its leaf is one of the traditional antihypertensive medicine in Indonesia. Hypertension affects many people around the world especially in developing countries such as Indonesia. The study aimed to evaluate the in vitro antihypertension effect of purified extract of cashew leaves (PECL) using an isolated organ technique, and determine the total phenolic and flavonoid contents. The results showed that PECL at 0.5 and 1.0 mg/mL was obviously able to inhibit the contraction of isolated rat aorta induced by cumulative addition of phenylephrine. The inhibitory effect of PECL were 25.72±8.19% and 39.60±3.50% (p<0.05), respectively. PECL (1.0 mg/mL) also changed the pD2 value of phenylephrine from 6.71±0.37 to 5.93±0.33 (p<0.05), and relaxed the isolated-organ mildly by 13.11±0.72%. In addition, PECL contained the total phenolic of 19.78±0.62% and the total flavonoids of 1.97±0.04% which are equivalent to gallic acid and rutin, respectively. © 2008 IFRJ, Faculty of Food Science & Technology, UPM.

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