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Molero R.,University of Cordoba, Spain | Bach C.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Sendra A.,University of Alcala | Montagud S.,Museu Valencia dHistoria Natural Fundacion Entomologica Torres Sala | And 2 more authors.
Zootaxa | Year: 2013

The discovery of several members of the genus Coletinia Wygodzinsky, 1980, from subterranean habitats (endogean and troglobiont), prompted the review of this genus in the Iberian Peninsula. Most of the samples came from caves of the Mediterranean basin of Spain, from Cádiz to the Tarragona province. As a result of this revision, nine new species have been established: C. herculea n. sp., an endogean from Cádiz; C. vergitana n. sp. from the Gádor calcareous mountains in Almería; C. calaforrai n. sp. from the gypsum karst in Almería; C. intermedia n. sp. from caves in Murcia and Alicante; C. diania n. sp., found in the north of the province of Alicante; C. longitibia n. sp. and C. tessella n. sp., both troglobites from Valencia; C. redetecta n. sp. from Castellón caves and finally C. hernandoi n. sp., an endogean from Tarragona. Moreover, Coletinia maggii (Grassi, 1887) is reported for the first time in the Iberian Peninsula, and new data are presented regarding C. mendesi, C. tinautiand C. capolongoi that widen their geographic distribution and enhance the information about their anatomic characteristics and biology. These results increase the number of known species of this genus to 14 in the region and to 21 in the world. The new species are described and compared with the most closely related previously known species of the genus. Characters with the most taxonomic relevance are discussed using optical and scanning microscope studies. A key for the identification of the Iberian Coletinia species and a distribution map including all of them are also provided. Copyright © 2013 Magnolia Press. Source


Ortuno V.M.,University of Alcala | Sendra A.,Museu Valencia dHistoria Natural Fundacion Entomologica Torres Sala
Revue Suisse de Zoologie | Year: 2010

A new species of cave-dwelling Anillini carabid Microtyphlus (Speleotyphlus) infernalis n. sp. found in a single cave ('Cova Soterranya', in Serra Calderona's Natural Park, a protected area belonging to the Valencian Autonomous Community) is described. In this cave, the populations are located in the aphotic zone, being subject to rather buffered variations of the abiotic factors and living in a biocoenosis with opportunistic elements and a low number of troglodytic forms, thus possessing a greater degree of biodiversity than the deeper zone of the cave. M. infernalis n. sp. is the most southern species of the subgenus Speleotyphlus. A total of six species belong to this subgenus. Three of them (M. (S.) comasi, M. (S.) fadriquei, and M. (S.) virgillii) are poorly known; the existing descriptions provide insufficient details and are largely inaccurate. Although its slenderness makes it look like M. (S.) auroxi, some features in the aedeagus of the new species show similarities with the most troglobiomorphic species of the tribe Anillini in the Iberian Peninsula, Aphaenotyphlus alegrei. A comparison of the main morphological characteristics of the species belonging to the Speleotyphlus subgenus reveals the need for a thorough revision of the whole group, which could be paraphyletic. Source


Sendra A.,Museu Valencia dHistoria Natural Fundacion Entomologica Torres Sala | Arnedo M.A.,University of Barcelona | Ribera C.,University of Barcelona | Teruel S.,Museu Valencia dHistoria Natural Fundacion Entomologica Torres Sala | Bidegaray-Batista L.,University of Barcelona
Zootaxa | Year: 2012

A new cave-dwelling Diplura, Cestocampa iberica, is described from the eastern Iberian Peninsula. The new species was collected in ten caves located in the large karstic area occurring along the Castilian-Valencian branch of the Iberian ountain Range. It closely resembles other Cestocampa spp., especially C. gasparoi and C. balcanica. The delimitation of Cestocampa is reviewed. Cestocampa balcanica is redescribed and C. kashiensis is removed from the genus and transferred to Plusiocampa. A phylogeographic analysis, based on the cox1 mtDNA gene of the new species, reveals a clear geographic structure with high levels of population phylopatry, indicating limited dispersal capabilities as found in other soil arthropods. Evidence of gene flow between nearby localities suggests interconnections among nearby caves. Under certain climatic conditions the species may be able to disperse over the surface, as suggested by one presumed longdistance dispersal event. Copyright © 2012 Magnolia Press. Source


Sendra A.,Museu Valencia dHistoria Natural Fundacion Entomologica Torres Sala | Teruel S.,Museu Valencia dHistoria Natural Fundacion Entomologica Torres Sala | Satar A.,Dicle University | Tusun S.,Dicle University | Ozbay C.,Dicle University
Zootaxa | Year: 2010

The campodeid dipluran fauna from Anatolia was studied from samples collected from the Black Sea, southeastern, Aegean, and eastern regions of Turkey. A total of 16 species were collected: Campodea s. str. (10 species), Dicampa (2), Eutrichocampa (2), Libanocampa (1), and Edriocampa (1). Two new species are described: Campodea (Campodea)anae Sendra & Teruel n. sp. from northern Anatolia and Campodea (Campodea) sarae Sendra & Teruel n. sp. from Denizli, in southeastern Turkey. These results suggest that additional sampling is needed in other parts of Turkey to adequately characterize the campodeid fauna. The known campodeid biodiversity of Anatolia stands at 23 species, 3 times less than the Iberian peninsula. © 2010 Magnolia Press. Source

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