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Martinez-Orti A.,University of Valencia | Borreda V.,Museu Valencia dHistoria Natural
Journal of Conchology | Year: 2012

This paper compares two westen Mediterranean species so far included in the genus Parmacella, P. deshayesii from North Africa and P. valenciennii from the south of the Iberian Peninsula. These show many distinctive features tliat ive believe are sufficient to consider them not only as separate species but also to be in different subgenera. Arguments about their conspecificity are clarified and tieotypes designated for both. Taxonomie studies of the species of Parmacella has allowed us to propose a revision of the systematics of the family Parmacellidae and to restructure it into two genera: Parmacella and Drusia, the latter an available old genus-name, which in turn is divided into two subgenera Drusia s. str. and Escutiella subgen. nov. We also include a taxonomie key to the family Parmacellidae using the proposed new systematic scenario. Source

We have identified the type locality of Helix Guiraoana var. angustata Rossmässler, 1854 as 'located in the heights surrounding the Venta del Molinillo near the Sierra de los Dientes de la Vieja, Diezma, Granada', from the description given by Rossmässler about his journey in the south east of Spain in 1853. The molecular analysis (COI and 16S) of a topotype collected live allowed us to confirm the identification of clade 4 of the genus Iberus proposed by Elejalde et al. (2008) with H. Guiraoana var. angustata, currently I. angustatus. Source

A new species of cave-dwelling Anillini (Coleoptera: Carabidae) Microtyphlus charon n. sp. is described from the "Surgencia de l'Orao" Cave (Valencia, East Spain). M. charon n. sp. is close to two troglobiomorphic species, M. infernalis and M. alegrei (new comb.), sharing the same aedeagus morphology. These three species constitute a monophyletic group that is hypothesized as originating in the endogean environment of the southern end of the Iberian Mountain Range, around the Valencia trough. These three species live in caves that were possibly isolated by the Miocene basins. The analysis of key morphological characters in the Microtyphlus phyletic series showed that the slenderness of appendages, that defines taxa as Speleotyphlus and Aphaenotyphlus, are of little phylogenetic value, as this also happens with other troglobiomorphic features (e.g., depigmentation). However, other morphological characteristics (male aedeagus, chaetotaxy, labial tooth) suggest a close relationship between Microtyphlus, Speleotyphlus and Aphaenotyphlus, which leads us to propose the last two taxa as synonyms of Microtyphlus. Copyright © 2011 · Magnolia Press. Source

Martinez-Orti A.,Museu Valencia dHistoria Natural | Martinez-Orti A.,University of Valencia | Cadiz L.,University of Valencia
Animal Biodiversity and Conservation | Year: 2012

This paper reports on eight scaphopod species found at 128 sampling stations near the coast of Valencia (Spain) during the campaigns of the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/CE) 2005, 2006 and 2008. Samples deposited in several Valencian institutions and private collections are also described. The identified species belong to four families: Dentaiiidae (Antalis dentalis, A. inaequicostata, A. novemcostata, A. vulgaris, and A. caprottii n. sp., a new species described from material found on the coasts of the province of Castellón), Fustiariidae {Fustiaria rubescens), Entalinidae (Entalina tetragona) and Gadilidae (Dischides politus). We describe the characteristics and conchiological variations for each species and give geographic distribution maps on the Valencian coast for each species. © 2012 Museu de Ciéncies Naturals de Barcelona. Source

Martinez-Orti A.,Museu Valencia dHistoria Natural | Martinez-Orti A.,University of Valencia | Robles F.,University of Valencia
Animal Biodiversity and Conservation | Year: 2012

To determine the taxonomic identity of some of the species included in the genus Iberus, we reviewed the type series described by Rossmassler (1854) and deposited at the Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum of Frankfurt (Germany). We concluded that Helix alcarazana (currently Iberus alcarazanus) is a junior synonym of Iberus alonensis (Férussac, 1821). The type localities of Helix guiraoana and Helix alcarazana were discussed and modified and the lectotypes of Helix guiraoana, Helix guiraoana var. angustata, Helix alcarazana and Helix loxana were designated. In addition, we reviewed the type series of Helix alonensis Férussac, 1821 (currently Iberus alonensis) deposited at the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle of Paris, France and we selected its lectotype. The locality of Alicante has been designated as the restricted type locality of this species. © 2012 Museu de Ciéncies Naturals de Barcelona. Source

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