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Auliya M.,elmholtz Center for Environmental Research | Garcia-Moreno J.,ESiLi | Schmidt B.R.,Passage Maximilien de Meuron 6 | Schmidt B.R.,University of Zürich | And 7 more authors.
Biodiversity and Conservation | Year: 2016

The global amphibian trade is suspected to have brought several species to the brink of extinction, and has led to the spread of amphibian pathogens. Moreover, international trade is not regulated for ~98 % of species. Here we outline patterns and complexity underlying global amphibian trade, highlighting some loopholes that need to be addressed, focusing on the European Union. In spite of being one of the leading amphibian importers, the EU’s current legislation is insufficient to prevent overharvesting of those species in demand or the introduction and/or spread of amphibian pathogens into captive and wild populations. We suggest steps to improve the policy (implementation and enforcement) framework, including (i) an identifier specifically for amphibians in the World Customs Organisation’s harmonised system, (ii) Parties to CITES should strive to include more species in the CITES appendices, and (iii) restriction or suspension of trade of threatened species, restricted-range species, and species protected in their country of origin. Commercial trade should not put survival of amphibian species further at risk. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht


Colli G.R.,University of Brasilia | Hoogmoed M.S.,Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi CZO | Cannatella D.C.,University of Texas at Austin | Cassimiro J.,University of Sao Paulo | And 7 more authors.
Zootaxa | Year: 2015

We describe a new genus and two new species of gymnophthalmid lizards based on specimens collected from Brazilian Amazonia, mostly in the "arc of deforestation". The new genus is easily distinguished from other Gymnophthalmidae by having very wide, smooth, and imbricate nuchals, arranged in two longitudinal and 6-10 transverse rows from nape to brachium level, followed by much narrower, strongly keeled, lanceolate, and mucronate scales. It also differs from all other Gymnophthalmidae, except Iphisa, by the presence of two longitudinal rows of ventrals. The new genus differs from Iphisa by having two pairs of enlarged chinshields (one in Iphisa); posterior dorsal scales lanceolate, strongly keeled and not arranged in longitudinal rows (dorsals broad, smooth and forming two longitudinal rows), and lateral scales keeled (smooth). Maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian phylogenetic analyses based on morphological and molecular data indicate the new species form a clade that is most closely related to Iphisa. We also address several nomenclatural issues and present a revised classification of Gymnophthalmidae. Copyright © 2015 Magnolia Press.


PubMed | University of Texas at Austin, Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi CZO, Colorado State University, University of Brasilia and 3 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zootaxa | Year: 2015

We describe a new genus and two new species of gymnophthalmid lizards based on specimens collected from Brazilian Amazonia, mostly in the arc of deforestation. The new genus is easily distinguished from other Gymnophthalmidae by having very wide, smooth, and imbricate nuchals, arranged in two longitudinal and 6-10 transverse rows from nape to brachium level, followed by much narrower, strongly keeled, lanceolate, and mucronate scales. It also differs from all other Gymnophthalmidae, except Iphisa, by the presence of two longitudinal rows of ventrals. The new genus differs from Iphisa by having two pairs of enlarged chinshields (one in Iphisa); posterior dorsal scales lanceolate, strongly keeled and not arranged in longitudinal rows (dorsals broad, smooth and forming two longitudinal rows), and lateral scales keeled (smooth). Maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian phylogenetic analyses based on morphological and molecular data indicate the new species form a clade that is most closely related to Iphisa. We also address several nomenclatural issues and present a revised classification of Gymnophthalmidae.


Guarnizo C.E.,University of Brasilia | Werneck F.P.,National Institute of Amazonian Research | Giugliano L.G.,University of Brasilia | Santos M.G.,University of Mississippi | And 10 more authors.
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution | Year: 2016

The Cerrado is a wide Neotropical savanna with tremendously high endemic diversity. Yet, it is not clear what the prevalent processes leading to such diversification are. We used the Cerrado-endemic lizard Norops meridionalis to investigate the main abiotic factors that promoted genetic divergence, the timings of these divergence events, and how these relate to cryptic diversity in the group. We sequenced mitochondrial and nuclear genes from 21 sites of N. meridionalis to generate species tree, divergence time estimations, and estimate species limits. We also performed population-level analysis and estimated distribution models to test the roles of niche conservatism and divergence in the group diversification. We found that N. meridionalis is composed by at least five cryptic species. Divergence time estimations suggest that the deepest branches split back into the early-mid Miocene, when most of the geophysical activity of the Cerrado took place. The deep divergences found in N. meridionalis suggest that beta anoles invaded South America much earlier than previously thought. Recent published evidence supports this view, indicating that the Panama gap closed as early as 15. mya, allowing for an early invasion of Norops into South America. The spatial pattern of diversification within N. meridionalis follows a northwest-southeast direction, which is consistent across several species of vertebrates endemic to the Cerrado. Also, we found evidence for non-stationary isolation by distance, which occurs when genetic differentiation depends on space. Our preliminary data in two out of five lineages suggest that niche conservatism is an important mechanism that promoted geographic fragmentation in the group. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.


Gasparini J.L.,Federal University of Espirito Santo | Koski D.A.,Instituto Superior Of Educacao | Peloso P.L.V.,Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi CZO
Check List | Year: 2010

We present the first record of Urostrophus vautieri for the state of Espírito Santo and a distribution map for the species. This species was previoulsy known from the states of Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina, and Rio Grande do Sul. The present record represent an extension of nearly 200 km to the North from the nearest published record for the species. © 2010 Check List and Authors.


Strussmann C.,Federal University of Mato Grosso | Campos V.A.,Federal University of Mato Grosso | Rodrigues T.F.D.,Federal University of Mato Grosso | Almeida C.H.L.N.,University of Campinas | And 3 more authors.
Check List | Year: 2012

New locality records and distribution map for the recently described Elachistocleis magnus are here presented. Originally described from Rondônia state, western Brazil (Amazonia), E. magnus was until now recorded for only two additional localities in the same state. The new records presented herein, which considerably enlarge the known range of the species, include three additional Brazilian states - Amazonas, Pará, and Mato Grosso (including records in the Brazilian Cerrado). We provide color description of the species in life, and discuss variation in habitats used by this species. © 2012 Check List and Authors.


Peloso P.L.V.,Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi CZO | Peloso P.L.V.,Federal University of Pará | Avila-Pires T.C.S.,Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi CZO
Herpetologica | Year: 2010

Intra- and interpopulational variation in the morphology of Ptychoglossus brevifrontalis Boulenger, 1912 were studied. Differences in scale counts and morphometric traits among populations and between sexes are evaluated and described. Sexual dimorphism is evident in number of precloacal and femoral pores, and to a lesser degree in body elongation. Hemipenial morphology is briefly discussed. Ptychoglossus nicefori (Loveridge, 1929) is again considered a junior synonym of P. brevifrontalis. Brief comments on the species taxonomy are provided. © 2010 by The Herpetologists' League, Inc.


Hoogmoed M.S.,Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi CZO | Avila-Pires T.C.S.,Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi CZO
Zootaxa | Year: 2015

Recently seven specimens of the gecko Lepidodactylus lugubris were collected or observed in Belém, Pará, northern Bra-zil. This is the first vouchered occurrence in Brazil of a widely dispersed (Pacific area) and invasive species (much of the Pacific, parts of northern South America and southern Central America and Florida, U.S.A.). In Suriname the species has already spread into the interior. The distribution of the species is corrected and the history of its introduction in the New World is reconstructed, with an estimation of the state of invasiveness for each country. Some possible routes of introduc-tion are discussed. Copyright © 2015 Magnolia Press.


For nearly 40 years Bolitoglossa paraensis has been synonymized with Bolitoglossa altamazonica. This fact has been mainly related to taxonomic ambiguities arising from the morphological similarities between these species and the scarcity of material deposited in collections. However, during the past 30 years new material of Bolitoglossa has been collected in many places throughout the Brazilian Amazonia, including the type locality of B. paraensis, Santa Isabel do Par. In this article we designate the neotype of B. paraensis based on new material from the type locality, correct misinterpretations about this name. We determined how many species of the genus Bolitoglossa occur in Brazilian Amazonia, described three new species, B. caldwellae sp. nov., B. madeira sp. nov., and B. tapajonica sp. nov., provide a key for identifying Brazilian salamanders. Were analyzed two hundred and seventy eight specimens of Bolitoglossa from the Brazilian states of Acre, Amap, Amazonas, Par, and Rondonia; morphological data ofB. altamazonica from Colombia were used for comparison purposes. We confirm the presence of B. altamazonica in extreme western Brazil, and expand the number of species occurring in Brazilian Amazonia to five.


Recently seven specimens of the gecko Lepidodactylus lugubris were collected or observed in Belm, Par, northern Brazil. This is the first vouchered occurrence in Brazil of a widely dispersed (Pacific area) and invasive species (much of the Pacific, parts of northern South America and southern Central America and Florida, U.S.A.). In Suriname the species has already spread into the interior. The distribution of the species is corrected and the history of its introduction in the New World is reconstructed, with an estimation of the state of invasiveness for each country. Some possible routes of introduction are discussed.

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