Museu Nacional

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Museu Nacional

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
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Couri M.,Museu Nacional | Pont A.,University of Oxford
Zootaxa | Year: 2017

All the Afrotopical Limnophora Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera, Muscidae) deposited in the Natural History Museum, London (United Kingdom) were analyzed, including the types of the species described by Emden, mainly from the British Museum (Natural History) Ruwenzori Expedition of 1934-1935. Diagnoses and notes on all the species recorded from the Afrotropical region are given, together with illustrations of the male terminalia (when sufficient material was available), some of which are given for the first time. We made the following taxonomic changes: Limnophora terrestris Paterson, 1955 is a junior synonym of Limnophora translucida Stein, 1913 (syn. nov.); Limnophora aculeipes latilamellata Malloch, 1921 has its status revised and is elevated to species rank (stat. rev.) with Limnophora aculeipes eurymetopa Emden, 1951 proposed as a junior synonym (syn. nov.); L. majuscula kinangopana Emden, 1951 is also raised to species rank (stat. nov.). Four new species are described: Limnophora alta sp. nov.; Limnophora nuda sp. nov.; Limnophora numerosa sp. nov. and Limnophora sinuosa sp. nov., with illustrations of male terminalia. Copyright © 2017 Magnolia Press.

News Article | November 24, 2016

In the wake of the 2016 Olympic Games, Brazil’s transformed “marvelous city” of Rio de Janeiro welcomes visitors with a fresh new face. Once-neglected and near-forgotten, the colonial hub and historic port have been significantly enhanced through new streetcar lines and pedestrian areas, as well as the new AquaRio aquarium and Museum of Tomorrow, an architectural masterpiece. Additionally, culinary delights span every corner of this diverse country. However, without a roadmap of the culinary options, most travelers miss the opportunity to experience all the possibilities during their brief stay in the country. Just in time for the peak travel season, South America custom travel experts, at, are rolling out two new half day excursions: Carioca Charisma - Colonial Rio & The Historic Port, and Zest - A Culinary Journey Through Brazil’s Cultures. C.E.O. Juergen Keller explains, “At we are always looking for unique possibilites which allow travelers to immerse themselves in the local culture. What better way than to indulge in authentic cuisine on a Culinary Tour or to stroll through the colonial heart of the city on a City Walking Tour. As the saying goes, ‘When in Rome, do as the Romans do.’”’s Walking Tour transports travelers back in time, to the colonial heart of Rio, and then propels them into the future at the Museum of Tomorrow on the newly restored waterfront. Starting in downtown Rio’s historic “Cinema-land,” pass by Rio’s Parisian-styled Opera house in Cinelândia. Built in the 20th Century, Teatro Municipal is considered one of the most beautiful theaters in Brazil, known for perfectly blending history and culture. Reminisce on the major international artists that have graced the theater’s existence over the past century. Walk past the Museu Nacional de Belas Artes (National Museum of Fine Arts). Inaugurated in 1938, the museum holds over 20,000 pieces in its collection, many of which are rich in Brazilian culture. Marvel at the eclectic architecture of the museum from outside and continue to the Biblioteca Nacional, the 7th largest library in the world. Next, stop for coffee at the Paço Imperial, the Palace of the Viceroys and one of Brazil’s most important colonial buildings of baroque architecture. Contrasting with colonial Rio, venture a ride on Rio’s new light rail tram towards the Museum of Tomorrow, designed to represent forward thinking and to encourage exploration of a sustainable world. Admire the newly constructed building; its futuristic and modern design is a sight to behold in and of itself. Finish this walking tour at the Mosteiro de São Bento (Monastery of St. Benedict), a mannerist style church of Brazilian colonial architecture. Look out towards the water for magical views of the “organ pipe” mountains across the bay. One distinctive cultural characteristic while traveling abroad is the local food. But how does one best find THE perfect, locally-inspired experience? makes travelers’ tastebuds dance on its new savory adventure. Taste Amazonian fruit juices, stop inside bright street markets, enjoy a caipirinha and indulge in authentic cuisine on a unique Culinary Tour. Expand your palate and taste the local flavors of the cidade maravilhosa at 8 fantastic eateries and markets. Along the tour, visit some of Rio’s most beautiful places, such as the vibrantly painted Escadaria Selarón, the “bohemian Rio” neighborhood of Lapa, the tropical beachside of Flamengo and the cultural hub, Laranjeiras. By the end of the day, travelers will have seen, felt, and tasted authentic Rio. These two new city tours are fantastic additions to any Brazil Tour. Let arrange the perfect customized tour throughout Brazil and the rest of South America. After gallivanting around the “Marvelous City”, continue with a cruise down the Amazon River, soak in the mystery of Machu Picchu or dance the Tango in Buenos Aires. With over 15-years of experience, prides itself in partnering with the best 4-star and 5-star hotels and crafting unique tailor-made holidays to design the trip a lifetime. Accomplished local guides, private excursions, superior accommodations and flexibility in travel planning make for an extraordinary travel experience - sure to spawn memories that will last a lifetime. To get started, visit About Us: is a tour operator specialized in custom South America tour planning for travelers worldwide from its offices in Seattle, Lima, Buenos Aires, Rio de Janeiro and Stuttgart, Germany, online and with local phone numbers in 88 countries. They offer 4-star & 5-star South America tours to Brazil, Peru, Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay. Just in time for Carnival 2017, a new ten-day journey of Rio’s Champion Parade & Colonial Brazil, starts March 3rd, 2017. Licensed and bonded in the U.S., has been sharing its love of South America travel since 1999 and is proud of its A+ rating by the Better Business Bureau and ASTA affiliation. - Our name is our passion™

Maia V.C.,Museu Nacional
Zootaxa | Year: 2016

This large family is poorly known in Colombia, where only 44 species have been recorded in 20 genera. All of them are included in Cecidomyiinae, which is the most diverse subfamily of gall midges in number of species and feeding habits, including phytophagous, predaceous and fungivorous species. Most of them are galler. The other subfamilies have never been recorded in this country. Copyright © 2016 Magnolia Press.

Maia V.C.,Museu Nacional
Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia | Year: 2012

Data on Neotropical coleopterous galls were compiled from the literature, which showed that 82 galls have so far been recorded among 77 plant species. The Fabaceae and Asteraceae plant families display the greatest richness in galls. Most galls are induced on stems or buds, while leaves constitute the second most attacked plant organ. Only 16 coleopteran gallers have been identified at the species level; most records are presented at the order level. The identified species belong to four families: Apionidae, Buprestidae, Curculionidae and Erirhinidae. The galls are found in Argentina, Brazil, Belize, Chile, Colombia (probably), Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama and Venezuela. Eighteen species of Coleoptera are inquilines of galls and are associated with 18 plant species, most frequently with Asteraceae, Melastomataceae and Fabaceae. The inquilines were recorded mainly in leaf galls induced by Cecidomyiidae (Diptera). The identity of these weevils is poorly known. General data indicate a lack of taxonomic studies in the Neotropical region.

Seventy six morphotypes of insect galls were found on 38 plant species and one subspecies distributed among 27 genera and 22 families in Platô Bacaba (Porto de Trombetas, Pará, Brazil). The majority of these galls (about 80%) occurred on leaves and 20% on stems. Burseraceae was the plant family with the greatest number of gall morphotypes (N = 23), followed by Fabaceae (N = 11) and Melastomataceae (N = 6). Protium Burm. f. (N = 17), Inga Miller (N = 8), and Tetragastris Gaertn (N = 6) were the plant genera, and Protium sagotianum Marchand (N = 7), Tetragastris panamensis (N = 6), and Miconia stenostachya DC. (N = 5) were the plant species that supported the highest diversity of galls. The galling inducers belong to Diptera (Cecidomyiidae) and Lepidoptera orders. Galls of Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, Hemiptera and Thysanoptera were not found. This study adds evidences that Diptera (Cecidomyiidae) are the most frequent galling insects in different zoogeographical regions.

Three sites of Itamonte (Minas Gerais) were investigated for insect galls from September, 2011 to July, 2012, seasonally. One-hundred and one morphotypes of insect galls were recorded on 63 species of host plant (45 genera and 23 families). Melastomataceae was the most galled plant family, followed by Asteraceae and Myrtaceae. Galls were recorded on leaves, stems, buds, and aerial roots. Leaves were the most galled plant organ. The gall morphotypes were characterized according to their shape, color, pubescence, and number of internal chambers. Globose and fusiform galls were the most frequent. The majority was glabrous and one-chambered. The gallers comprised three insect orders: Diptera (Cecidomyiidae and Tephritidae), Hemiptera, and Lepidoptera. Cecidomyiidae were the most frequent galling taxa. Parasitoids (Hymenoptera) were obtained from six morphotypes (ca. 6% of the total). The results are compared to those of other Brazilian insect gall inventories. As there is no previous gall inventory in Itamonte, all records presented here are new.

Six localities of São Tomé das Letras (MG, Brazil) were investigated from September, 2011 to June, 2012. The local vegetation was examined in search of insect galls. A total of 152 morphotypes of insect galls were found on 94 plant species (74 genera and 37 families). Fabaceae, Melastomataceae, Myrtaceae, and Asteraceae were the plant families with the greatest richness of galls, with 20, 18, 17, and 12 gall morphotypes, respectively. The super host genera were Copaifera L. (Fabaceae), Myrcia DC. ex. Guill. (Myrtaceae), and Miconia Ruiz & Pav. (Melastomataceae), with 10, 10 and 09 gall morphotypes, respectively. The super host species was Copaifera cf.langsdorfii Desf. (Fabaceae), with 10 gall morphotypes. Galls were found on leaves, stems, buds, and aerial roots. Leaves were the most galled plant organ, followed by stems, and buds. The inducers belong to Diptera, Lepidoptera, Hemiptera, Thysanoptera, Coleoptera, and Hymenoptera, being Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) the most frequent and diversified gallers. The associated fauna included parasitoids (Hymenoptera), inquilines (Lepidoptera and Thysanoptera), successors (Formicidae, Hymenoptera), and predators (pseudoscorpion), obtained from 18, 02, 02, and 01 gall morphotype, respectively. Ten galling species are recorded for the first time in São Tomé das Letras (MG). The present study indicates São Tomé das Letras (MG) as an area of great richness of insect galls.

Lopesia grandis (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) is recorded for the first time in the state of Bahia. This species induces leaf galls on Dalbergia ecastophyllum (L.) Taub. (Fabaceae). The previous records included only the states of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, so the geographic distribution of this galling species is extended to the Northeast region of Brazil. © 2015 Check List and Authors.

A key to 51 Australasian and Oceanian genera of Muscidae is given. The Catalogue of Australasian and Oceanian Diptera and its on line version last reviewed in May 2007 were used as taxonomic guides. Some more recently synonyms and taxonomic changes were updated. For each genus, a brief diagnosis, number of valid species in these regions and comments, when pertinent, are also included. Some morphological diagnostic characteres are illustrated in order to help the use of the key.

Thirty-six morphotypes of insect galls were recorded for the first time in the Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ), being the majority of them comprised of leaf galls (64%). Stem and bud galls were also found (25 and 14%, respectively). Myrtaceae were the plant family with the greatest richness of insect galls. Mikania sp. (Asteraceae) and Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae) were the super host plant species. The most important galling group was the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera), responsible for 75% of the gall morphotypes. Hemipteran and Lepidopteran galls were also recorded (11 and 2.8%, respectively).

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