Museu de Prehistoria de Valencia

Corona, Spain

Museu de Prehistoria de Valencia

Corona, Spain
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Sauque V.,University of Zaragoza | Sauque V.,CONICET | Sanchis A.,Museu de Prehistoria de Valencia
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology | Year: 2017

Bone accumulations created by carnivores during the Pleistocene have been largely associated with the action of cave hyenas (Crocuta spelaea Golfüss, 1823), identified all over Europe. Yet in recent years it has been shown that leopards (Panthera pardus Linnaeus, 1758) played a role in the creation of sites in the Iberian Peninsula. In this study we present the taphonomic study of the bone accumulation of the Pre-Solutrean level at the Racó del Duc Cave (south of the province of Valencia), where the dominant species (Capra pyrenaica Schinz, 1838) has been accumulated by leopards. Together with new data and other references taken from the bibliography, we have summarised the main taphonomic characteristics of the sites accumulated by leopards. The predator-prey relationship has also been analysed and it has shown that during the Pleistocene, leopards in the Iberian Peninsula were specialised in catching goats, showing similar behaviour to that of snow leopards. Said specialisation may have been due to the occupation of caves in steep areas where rupicolous fauna predominated. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.


Sauque V.,University of Zaragoza | Sauque V.,CONICET | Sanchis A.,Museu de Prehistoria de Valencia | Madurell-Malapeira J.,Autonomous University of Barcelona
Historical Biology | Year: 2017

The Pleistocene faunal accumulations documented in caves have commonly been attributed to the activity of humans or carnivores. According to the palaeontological and archaeological literature, cave hyena (Crocuta spelaea) was the main known bone accumulator in karstic environments. However, in recent times, the role of leopards as bone accumulators has been revealed, and recent research has identified this behaviour in the Iberian Pleistocene. Moreover, there are other caves where leopard could have been claimed as an accumulator such as S’Espasa. In this work we present its taphonomic study. This cave was compared with the actualistic studies of leopards. Besides, the site of S’Espasa was compared with the other leopard dens in the Iberian Peninsula. These sites present faunal assemblages composed mainly by leopard (Panthera pardus) and Iberian wild goat (Capra pyrenaica), the bones of this ungulate present a similar pattern of bone modification by carnivores, skeletal survival rate, and bone breakage. These features indicate that goats could have been accumulated by leopards. With the data from this work and the previous ones, we try to establish a pattern that will help in the future to identify other accumulations created by this big cat. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group


Domenech-Carbo A.,University of Valencia | Domenech-Carbo M.T.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Peiro-Ronda M.A.,Museu de Prehistoria de Valencia | Martinez-Lazaro I.,Instituto Valenciano Of Conservacion | Barrio-Martin J.,Autonomous University of Madrid
Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry | Year: 2012

The application of the voltammetry of microparticles methodology to date archaeological lead artifacts, based on the time-dependent formation of different layers of lead oxides, whose relative amount can be estimated from polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), is presented. This approach is complemented by additional data using square wave voltammetry data. Calibration of the method was performed with the help of a series of welldocumented, lead pieces from the funds of different Spanish museums, covering since the 7th century BC to nowadays. © Springer-Verlag 2012.


Domenech-Carbo A.,University of Valencia | Domenech-Carbo M.T.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Capelo S.,University of Lisbon | Capelo S.,University of Évora | And 2 more authors.
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition | Year: 2014

A method for dating copper/bronze archaeological objects aged in atmospheric environments is proposed based on the specific signals for cuprite and tenorite corrosion products measured through the voltammtry of microparticles method. The tenorite/cuprite ratio increased with the corrosion time and fitted to a potential law that yielded a calibration curve usable for dating purposes. The dating game: A method for dating copper/bronze archaeological objects (see example) aged in atmospheric environments is proposed based on the measurement of specific voltammetric signals for cuprite and tenorite corrosion products. The tenorite/cuprite ratio increased with the corrosion time, fitting to a potential law that yielded a calibration curve usable for dating purposes. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


This paper deals with the consumption of marine molluscs during the early Neolithic in the central region of eastern Iberia. We analyse the bromatological features of six mala-cological collections recovered from six coastal sites in Valencia: Cova de les Cendres, Cova de Bolumini, Cova Ampia, Costamar, El Bananquet and Tossal de les Basses. We identify two groups that refer to two different ecosystems. On the one hand, there is a rocky coastal ecosystem where Patella outnumbers Osilinus and Stramonita. On the other hand, the explotation of coastal lagoons to gather Cerastoderma glaucum has been recorded in other archaeological sites.


Domenech A.,University of Valencia | Domenech-Carbo M.T.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Pasies T.,Museu de Prehistoria de Valencia | delCarmenBouzas M.,Museu de Prehistoria de Valencia
Electroanalysis | Year: 2012

Two complementary models to describe the long-term corrosion of silver-copper coins, based on potential rate laws for smooth corrosion and those combined with diffusive law, for gross corrosion, are proposed. Theoretical kinetics can be tested using signatures of copper and silver corrosion products using the voltammetry of immobilized particles technique. The method is applied to silver coins minted during the 13 th-14 th centuries from the Libertad street hoard in Valencia (Spain) using non-invasive one-touch graphite pencil sampling. Voltammetric features yield functional dependences in agreement with the proposed model potentially useful for distinguishing between different mints. © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Domenech-Carbo A.,University of Valencia | Domenech-Carbo M.T.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Peiro-Ronda M.A.,Museu de Prehistoria de Valencia
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2011

A methodology for dating archeological lead artifacts based on the voltammetry of microparticles is described. This methodology is based on the comparison of the height of specific voltammetric features from PbO 2 and PbO corrosion products formed under long-term alteration conditions. Calibration of the method was performed with the help of a series of well-documented lead pieces from the funds of different museums of the Comunitat Valenciana (Spain) covering from the fifth century B.C. to present day. The variation of peak currents with the time of corrosion can be fitted to the same potential rate law as that found by Reich (α = 0.070 ± 0.005), using measurements on the Meissner fraction in the superconducting state of lead. The proposed electrochemical methodology enables the dating of archeological lead artifacts with a time-dependent uncertainty estimated to be ±150 years for the most ancient samples in this study. © 2011 American Chemical Society.


Domenech-Carbo A.,University of Valencia | Domenech-Carbo M.T.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Peiro-Ronda M. A.,Museu de Prehistoria de Valencia
Electroanalysis | Year: 2011

Voltammetry of microparticles is applied to the identification of lead corrosion products by means of an essentially non-invasive 'one-touch' technique based on the use of graphite pencil. This methodology permits the mechanical attachment of few nanograms of sample from the surface of lead archaeological artefacts to a paraffin-impregnated graphite electrode, which, upon immersion in aqueous electrolytes, provides distinctive voltammetric responses for litharge and cotunnite- anglesite-, cerusite-based corrosion products. The reported method is applied to the identification of corrosion products in archaeological lead pieces from different Iberian sites in Valencia (Spain). © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Domenech A.,University of Valencia | Domenech-Carbo M.T.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Pasies T.,Museu de Prehistoria de Valencia | Bouzas M.C.,Museu de Prehistoria de Valencia
Electroanalysis | Year: 2011

An operational modification of Tafel analysis, applied to the intermediate region of square wave voltammetric curves, devoted to the identification of corrosion products on archaeological metal, is described. This is based on the voltammetry of microparticles methodology using conventional abrasive conditioning of the electrode, as well as 'one-touch' and layer-by-layer techniques. The proposed methodology is applied to the identification of copper and silver corrosion products in mediaeval silver-copper coins from the Libertad street hoard in Valencia (Spain). © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Salazar-Garcia D.C.,Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology | Salazar-Garcia D.C.,University of Valencia | Power R.C.,Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology | Sanchis Serra A.,Museu de Prehistoria de Valencia | And 3 more authors.
Quaternary International | Year: 2013

During recent decades, Neanderthal diet has been a major research topic in palaeoanthropology. This has been accelerated by the maturation of different techniques, which have produced a plethora of new information. However, this proliferation of data has led to confusing and contradictory results. Furthermore, most of the ecological dietary studies have been carried out on specimens drawn from different time periods and regions, almost exclusively those characterized by cold, open environmental conditions. Subsistence models based on these fragmentary data have been applied to Neanderthals living in a variety of different regions and environments, even though their dietary strategies may have been as variable as regions they inhabited. In this paper we integrate different dietary approaches (studies of the zooarchaeology, stable isotopes and plant remains) from the central and southeastern Mediterranean coast of Iberia in order to develop a broader and more complex picture of Neanderthal diet in different Mediterranean environmental conditions. Our results suggest that there may have been some minor dietary variation due to climatic or environmental differences, but that Neanderthal diet focussed on large terrestrial game, supplemented by plant foods when these were available. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.

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