Museu de Biologia Prof. Mello Leitao

Ribeira do Pombal, Brazil

Museu de Biologia Prof. Mello Leitao

Ribeira do Pombal, Brazil
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Ferreira R.B.,Museu de Biologia Prof. Mello Leitao | Silva-Soares T.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Tonini J.F.R.,Federal University of Espirito Santo | Dantas R.B.,Federal University of Viçosa
Herpetology Notes | Year: 2010

The genus Euparkerella is composed of four species endemic to the Atlantic Rainforest biome, ranging from Espírito Santo to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Three of them are known only to their type locality. According to the IUCN, the species Euparkerella tridactyla is currently classified as Vulnerable to Extinction due to its apparently low population density and restrict geographic distribution. Previously, E. tridactyla was known only from the type locality (650 m.a.s.l.), municipality of Santa Teresa, state of Espírito Santo. Herein, we provide new distribution records for E. tridactyla that extend its range by 70 kilometers to the south, encompassing four different municipalities, and increase the altitudinal distribution to a range between 550- 700 m.a.s.l.

Leme E.M.C.,Herbarium Bradeanum | Till W.,University of Vienna | Kollmann L.J.C.,Museu de Biologia Prof. Mello Leitao | De Moura R.L.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Ribeiro O.B.C.,Federal University of Viçosa
Phytotaxa | Year: 2014

The authors describe and illustrate 14 new Bromeliaceae species: Aechmea avaldoana, Ae. gregaria, Ae. timida, Alcantarea lanceopetala, A. nana, A. recurvifolia, Billbergia matogrossensis, Bromelia amplifolia, Cryptanthus walkerianus, Encholirium viridicentrum, Vriesea bifida, V. lilliputiana, V. magnibracteata and V. tubipetala. © 2014 Magnolia Press.

Ferreira R.B.,Museu de Biologia Prof. Mello Leitao | Ferreira R.B.,Utah State University | Silva-Soares T.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Rodder D.,University of Trier | Rodder D.,University Estadual Of Santa Cruz
Salamandra | Year: 2010

We studied the composition of the amphibian fauna of the Vitória municipality, an urban area in south-eastern Brazil. Fieldwork was conducted from February 2004 to December 2005. Besides field expeditions, we searched in collections and specific literature to compose this inventory, comprising a total of 34 amphibian species in two orders: Gymnophiona, represented by the species Siphonops annulatus, and Anura, represented by the families Bufonidae, Craugastoridae, Cycloramphidae, Hylidae, Leiuperidae, Leptodactylidae, Ranidae and Pipidae. The alien invasive species Lithobates catesbeianus was also recorded from within the area. The wide geographical distribution of most species demonstrates a prevalence of habitat-generalists. Even so, we suggest a constant and long-termed monitoring programme to ensure the survival of species dependent on forest environments. © 2010 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Herpetologie und Terrarienkunde e.V. (DGHT), Rheinbach,.

Goldenberg R.,Federal University of Paraná | Kollmann L.J.C.,Museu de Biologia Prof. Mello Leitao
Blumea: Journal of Plant Taxonomy and Plant Geography | Year: 2010

Miconia michelangeliana belongs to Miconia sect. Tamonea. This new species can be distinguished from other species in this section by the strongly winged branches and the glabrous leaves. The flowers are larger than usual in the genus, and are 6-merous, pleiostemonous (with 18-24 stamens each), with a persistent calyx and a glabrous ovary apex. This species occurs only in montane forests in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. © 2010 Nationaal Herbarium Nederland.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the epiphytic community from a fragment of the Atlantic Forest in the montainous region of Espirito Santo state, aiming at observing the distribution of this form of life on phorophytes. The study site is made up by a preserved forest hillside which was analyzed at the top of the hill (Area 1 - altitude of 890 m) and on a slope (Area 2 - 720 m altitude). The method used in the experiment was the centered quarter, selecting 15 points for each area, totaling 120 phorophytes with DBH ≥ 10 cm. For the analysis of epiphytes distribution, the phorophytes were divided into the following strata: low, medium and high shaft, internal and external canopy. Each epiphyte received a frequency grade, resulting in the phytosociological parameters: epiphytic importance (VIe), dominance and frequency (absolute and relative). Twenty-nine species of epiphytes and hemiepiphytes were recorded, and the most representative families were Bromeliaceae (7 species) and Orchidaceae (6 species). There was a low similarity between the two areas (IS = 0.3) with only five species in common. The species with the highest epiphytic importance were two hemiepiphytes: Heteropsis rigidifolia in Area 1 (VIe = 29.1) and Polybotrya espiritosantensis in Area 2 (Vie = 15.3), the first record of the genus Polybotrya as important taxon in epiphytic structure. The richness was low compared to other studies with epiphytes, however, the presence of rare and endangered species demonstrates the importance of the studied forest for the conservation of taxons in the Atlantic Forest.

During field works in Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais and Bahia states, it was notified four news registers of Begonia species. Begonia dietrichiana, B. glabra and B. platanifolia to Espírito Santo state and Begonia admirabilis to Bahia and Minas Gerais states. Descriptions, illustrations, geographic distribution data, maps, information on the habit, phenology, sections and vegetative differences are provided.

Freitas J.,Museu de Biologia Prof. Mello Leitao | De Lirio E.J.,Institute Pesquisas Jardim Botanico Do Rio Of Janeiro | Gonzalez F.,National University of Colombia
Phytotaxa | Year: 2014

We describe and illustrate Aristolochia assisii, a new species assigned to subseries Anthocaulicae. This subseries is characterized by the presence of extremely short and ramiflorous racemes in which each flower is subtended by a small bract. The inflorescences and the flowers of the new species are morphologically similar to those found in three woody climbers of this subseries (A. bahiensis, A. disticha and A. subglobosa); however, it clearly differs by the herbaceous condition, a trait extremely rare in cauliflorous species that suggests neoteny, and the possession of a long, cylindrical rhizome and a tapered rostrum to 1.2 cm long in the capsule. So far, A. assisii is the third species of the subseries Anthocaulicae known to occur in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil. © 2014 Magnolia Press.

Ferreira R.B.,Utah State University | Schineider J.A.P.,Museu de Biologia Prof. Mello Leitao | Teixeira R.L.,Museu de Biologia Prof. Mello Leitao
Journal of Herpetology | Year: 2012

This study explores the feeding ecology, habitat use, and fecundity of Phyllodytes luteolus inside bromeliads in the restinga of Regência (sandy coastal plain), Espírito Santo state, southeastern Brazil. Because bromeliads are harvested for commercial use, and frogs may be collected accidently, the ecology of this frog is of particular interest. We collected 363 individuals of P. luteolus (103 tadpoles, 74 juveniles, 64 males, and 122 females) from three species of bromeliads in a 4-km 2 area bimonthly from February to December of 1998. Ants and termites were the dominant food items in terms of number and mass over time. The percentage of prey items and the size of prey eaten by juveniles differed significantly from those of adults. Dominant prey items were relatively similar across the sampled bromeliad species and locations. Phyllodytes luteolus preferred Vriesea procera, the most-complex bromeliad in our study site. Half of the individuals were found in bromeliads located in transitional zones. Female P. luteolus were slightly larger than the males, which may have determined the strong sex ratio bias toward females. We found females with developed oocytes (range 11-15) in every sampled month, indicating a protracted spawning period. This frog can be considered an active forager and specialist, feeding preferentially on colonial insects. Phyllodytes luteolus uses several species of harvested bromeliads and possesses several attributes that could facilitate its success as an invasive species. © 2012 Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles.

Kollmann L.J.C.,Museu de Biologia Prof. Mello Leitao
Candollea | Year: 2010

Five species of Pleurothallis R. Br. s.l. are transferred to Pabstiella Brieger & Senghas (Orchidaceae): Pabstiella armeniaca (Barb. Rodr.) L. Kollmann, Pabstiella fragae (L. Kollmann & A. P. Fontana) L. Kollmann, Pabstiella henrique-aragonii (Pabst) L. Kollmann, Pabstiella mentigera (Kraenzl.) L. Kollmann, Pabstiella ramphastorhyncha (Barb. Rodr.) L. Kollmann. Lepanthes armeniaca Barb. Rodr. is lectotypified. Two new species of Pabstiella, Pabstiella cipoensis L. Kollmann and Pabstiella rupicola L. Kollmann, are described and illustrated from Brazil. Information on the ecology and geographic distribution of the new taxa is also provided. © CONSERVATOIRE ET JARDIN BOTANIQUES DE GENÈVE 2010.

Chautems A.,Jardin Botaniques de la ville de Geneva | Peixoto M.,Jardim Botanico Plantarum | Rossini J.,Museu de Biologia Prof. Mello Leitao
Candollea | Year: 2015

A new species of Sinningia Nees (Gesneriaceae) occurring in Rio de Janeiro and southern Espírito Santo is described and illustrated. It is morphologically related to Sinningia aghensis Chautems, through its large purple funnel-shaped corollas, but difers by the presence of 4-6 leaf pairs with much longer internodes, tomentose indument on stem and abaxial face of leaf blades, leaf blades wide ovate, peduncle pubescent and larger corolla. Geographic ranges of the two species do not overlap. Comments on phylogenetic relationships within subtribe Ligeriinae, a distribution map and a preliminary conservation assessment following IUCN Red List are also provided. © CONSERVATOIRE ET JARDIN BOTANIQUES DE GENÈVE 2015.

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