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San José, Costa Rica

Passiflora soliana (subg. Passiflora), a new species from the canton of Osa in the South Pacific of Costa Rica is described and illustrated. This new species is closely related to Passiflora brevifila Killip of higher elevations, but P. soliana is distinguished by its smaller flowers, without or nearly without pedicel, and mainly by morphology and smaller size of the floral bracts.

Armando E.Ch.,Museo Nacional de Costa Rica | Daniel S.A.,Institute Nacional Of Biodiversidad
Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas | Year: 2010

Fevillea narae, a new species from the cantón of Tarrazu along the pacific slope of Cordillera Talamanca, Costa Rica, south of San José is described and illustrated. This species is the second species of Fevillea for the Mesoamencan region.

Ramirez-Fernandez J.D.,University of Costa Rica | Cordoba-Alfaro J.,La Leona Eco lodge | Salas-Solano D.,University of Costa Rica | Duran A F.J.,Museo Nacional de Costa Rica | Rodriguez-Herrera B.,University of Costa Rica
Check List | Year: 2015

The Rufous Tree Rat, Diplomys labilis, is known to range geographically from Central Panamá to Colombia and probably Ecuador. It occurs in a variety of habitat types where it moves by the branches in the high canopy at night. We report the Rufous Tree Rat for Costa Rica, ranging outside its geographical distribution about 490 km west from its type locality. © 2015 Check List and Authors.

Taylor C.M.,Missouri Botanical Garden | Sanchez-Gonzalez J.,Museo Nacional de Costa Rica | Hammel B.,Missouri Botanical Garden | Hammel B.,Instituto Nacional Of Biodiversidad Inbio | And 4 more authors.
Novon | Year: 2011

The Neotropical genus Borojoa Cuatrec. (Rubiaceae) is now considered a synonym of Alibertia A. Rich. ex DC. Consequently, three species named in Borojoa and found in Costa Rica and Panama are transferred to Alibertia with these corresponding nomenclatural changes: the new combination A. atlantica (Dwyer) Delprete & C. H. Perss. is based on B. atlantica Dwyer, the new name A. dwyeri Delprete & C. H. Perss. is provided for B. panamensis Dwyer, and the new combination A. patinoi (Cuatrec.) Delprete & C. H. Perss. is provided for B. patinoi Cuatrec. Additionally, the species A. premontana C. M. Taylor is reduced to a variety of A. edulis (Rich.) A. Rich. ex DC., as A. edulis var. premontana (C. M. Taylor) Delprete & C. H. Perss. A lectotype is selected for A. edulis. The recent publication of Arachnothryx chimalaparum Lorence ex Borhidi designated a holotype deposited at MO, but no such specimen has been located; a lectotype is here chosen based on a duplicate of the holotype deposited at MEXU. The new species Notopleura recondita Hammel & C. M. Taylor of the Osa Peninsula of Costa Rica can be distinguished from N. polyphlebia (Donn. Sm.) C. M. Taylor by its leaf blades with the secondary veins plane on the adaxial surface and its short cymose or paniculiform inflorescences. The new species Palicourea matamana C. M. Taylor of premontane forests of central-eastern Costa Rica can be separated from P. orosiana C. M. Taylor by its larger stipules, longer calyx lobes, and hirsute pubescence. The new species P. providenciana J. Sánchez-Gonz. & C. M. Taylor of montane forests in south-central Costa Rica can be separated from P. hammelii C. M. Taylor by its longer lanceolate stipule lobes, dark purple or yellow-flushed inflorescences, and shorter calyx lobes. The Panamanian plants treated previously as Psychotria acuminata subsp. boraginoides Dwyer are here considered to differ at the species level from P. acuminata Benth., and accordingly the new combination P. boraginoides (Dwyer) C. M. Taylor is here published for this species. Clarification of the identity of Cephaelis croatii Dwyer shows that it is a distinct species of Psychotria, and the new combination P. croatii (Dwyer) C. M. Taylor is published here for this species. The new species P. herrerana C. M. Taylor of central Costa Rica can be recognized by its combination of large, sessile, elliptic leaves, its large paniculiform inflorescences, and its relatively small corollas. Study of the Costa Rican plants previously called Rudgea thyrsiflora Donn. Sm. shows that these do not have the characters of Rudgea, but are similar to Psychotria racemosa Rich. and better included in this latter genus; the new name P. tsakiana C. M. Taylor is here published for this species. The new combination Simira panamensis (Dwyer) C. M. Taylor is published here based on the name Bathysa panamensis Dwyer, which has priority over the name S. darienensis Dwyer; both of the names Dwyer published are based on the same type specimen, thus the later name S. darienensis is illegitimate. Copyright © 2011 BioOne All rights reserved.

Aguilar D.S.,Harvard University | Estrada Ch. A.,Museo Nacional de Costa Rica
Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas | Year: 2014

Two new species of Myrcia endemic to Costa Rica are described and illustrated: Myrcia paulii-jonesii and Myrcia riverae. Their affinities, distribution, phenology, and habitat are discussed. © 2015, Botanical Research Institute of Texas Inc. All rights reserved.

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