Museo di Storia Naturale

Verona, Italy

Museo di Storia Naturale

Verona, Italy
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Garassino A.,Museo di Storia Naturale | Castro P.,California State Polytechnic University, Pomona
Boletin de la Sociedad Geologica Mexicana | Year: 2013

A revision of the fossil species of Goneplax Leach, 1814, has resulted in the assignment of four fossil species to Goneplax, but only G. gulderi Bachmayer, 1953, and G. rhomboides are considered as valid. Goneplax craverii Crema, 1895, previously assigned to Retropluma Gill, 1894, G. formosa Ristori, 1886, and G. meneghinii Ristori, 1886, are regarded as junior synonyms of G. rhomboides, while G. sacci Crema, 1895, is considered a nomen dubium. Albaidaplax n. gen. is here erected to include both the Italian specimens from the Miocene of Rio Popogna (Livorno, Tuscany, Italy) and the Spanish specimens from the Pliocene of Guadalquivir Basin (Seville, Andalusia, Spain) previously assigned to G. gulderi. Finally, Ommatocarcinus arenicola Glaessner, 1960, from the Late Oligocene-Middle Miocene of New Zealand, is assigned to the extant Neogoneplax Castro, 2007, constituting the first report of this genus in the fossil record.

Garassino A.,Museo di Storia Naturale
Boletin de la Sociedad Geologica Mexicana | Year: 2013

Four species of brachyuran crabs are recorded from the Pliocene (Piacenzian) clays of the Apennine Mountains, all collected in natural gullies around the Castellarano and Monticelli di Quattro Castella, Reggio Emilia (Emilia Romagna, N Italy). These species are already known in the fossil record of Italy, and are assigned to Calappa granulata (Linnaeus, 1758) (Calappidae De Haan, 1833); Chlinocephalus demissifrons Ristori, 1886 (Euryplacidae Stimpson, 1871); Goneplax rhomboides (Linnaeus, 1758) (Goneplacidae MacLeay, 1838); Monodaeus bortolottii Delle Cave, 1988 (Xanthidae MacLeay, 1838). Chlinocephalus demissifrons and Monodaeus bortolottii are reported for the first time from Emilia Romagna.

Two crabs from the Pliocene sands of S. Pietro (Asti, Piedmont, NW Italy) have been assigned to Calappa granulata (Linnaeus, 1758) (Calappidae De Haan, 1833) and to Astiplax aspera n. gen., n. sp. (Goneplacidae MacLeay, 1838). Although C. granulata has already been reported from the Pliocene of other Italian regions, the Piedmont specimen represents one of the most complete carapaces known to date in the fossil record of this extant species. The discovery of Astiplax n. gen., with A. aspera n. sp. increases the number of species of Goneplacidae from the Pliocene of Italy, limited to Goneplax rhomboides (Linnaeus, 1758) and G. sacci Crema, 1895.

Simmons W.B.,University of New Orleans | Pezzotta F.,Museo di Storia Naturale | Shigley J.E.,Gemological Institute of America | Beurlen H.,Federal University of Pernambuco
Elements | Year: 2012

Pegmatites are sources of gem-quality crystals of beryl, tourmaline, topaz, spodumene, and spessartine. Historic localities are found in Brazil, Madagascar, Russia, and the United States, but important deposits have recently been discovered in Africa and Asia. Most high-quality gem minerals occur in miarolitic cavities found near the centers of pegmatite bodies or in reaction zones between pegmatites and ultramafi c host rocks. The most important gem-bearing granitic pegmatites formed at shallow levels in the continental crust during the latest stages of collisional plate tectonic events. Single, spectacular miarolitic cavities in some pegmatites have produced tons of gem crystals valued in excess of $50 million.

PubMed | Museo Civico di Science Naturali E. Caffi, Science journalist Swim Science writer in Italy, University of Padua, Museo di geologia e paleontologia and 17 more.
Type: | Journal: ZooKeys | Year: 2015

The Italian natural history museums are facing a critical situation, due to the progressive loss of scientific relevance, decreasing economic investments, and scarcity of personnel. This is extremely alarming, especially for ensuring the long-term preservation of the precious collections they host. Moreover, a commitment in fieldwork to increase scientific collections and concurrent taxonomic research are rarely considered priorities, while most of the activities are addressed to public events with political payoffs, such as exhibits, didactic meetings, expositions, and talks. This is possibly due to the absence of a national museum that would have better steered research activities and overall concepts for collection management. We here propose that Italian natural history museums collaborate to instate a metamuseum, by establishing a reciprocal interaction network aimed at sharing budgetary and technical resources, which would assure better coordination of common long-term goals and scientific activities.

De Angeli A.,Museo Civico G. Zannato' | Garassino A.,Museo di Storia Naturale
Scripta Geologica | Year: 2014

Zovocarcinus muelleri, a new genus and species of panopeid crab, is recorded from Eocene (upper Ypresian) strata at Zovo di Bolca (Verona, northeast Italy), on the basis of a single specimen from a rich fossiliferous and coral-reef deposit in the Lessini Mountains (Verona area). © 2014, Naturalis Biodiversity Center. All rights reserved.

De Prins J.,Royal Museum for Central Africa | Davis D.R.,Smithsonian Institution | De Coninck E.,Royal Museum for Central Africa | Sohn J.-C.,Smithsonian Institution | Triberti P.,Museo di Storia Naturale
Zootaxa | Year: 2013

The gracillariid genus Triberta gen. nov. (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae: Lithocolletinae Stainton, 1854) is described to accommodate two species formerly assigned to the genus Phyllonorycter Hübner, 1822: Triberta helianthemella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1861) comb. nov. and T. cistifoliella (Groschke, 1944) comb. nov. Triberta cistifoliella bona sp. is restored from synonymy based on morphological characters. The new genus is biologically associated with the plant family Cistaceae of the order Malvales and is endemic to the Palaearctics. Our molecular analysis of eleven nuclear genes failed to unambiguously place Triberta in the lithocolletine phylogeny, but revealed that this genus is distinct from either clade Phyllonorycter + Cremastobombycia and Cameraria. The distinctiveness of Triberta is also supported by inferred traits in wing venation, micro morphology of the last instar larva, pupa, genital morphology of the adult and life history. A key to the species of Triberta is provided. The interspecific homogeneity in external morphology, coupled with minor differences in genital traits, an apparent narrow specialization on Cistaceae host plants, restricted geographical range and molecular evidence based on multi-nuclear genes jointly suggest that the generic diversification of Triberta is a relatively old phenomenon and driven strongly by host selection. Copyright © 2013 Magnolia Press.

Garassino A.,Museo di Storia Naturale | Vega F.J.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Calvillo-Canadell L.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Cevallos-Ferriz S.R.S.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Coutino M.A.,Direcion de Paleontologia
Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie - Abhandlungen | Year: 2013

A rich decapod crustacean assemblage from the Upper Cretaceous (Cenomanian; Sierra Madre Formation) of El Chango quarry (Chiapas, Mexico) is reported here. Four new genera of shrimps, Zoquepenaeus nov., Tzeltalpenaeus nov. (Penaeidae Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1815), Mexicania nov. (Sicyoniidae Ortmann, 1898), and Mokaya nov. (Sergestidae Dana, 1852) are here described, representing the richest fossil shrimp community from the Mesozoic of the Americas. Moreover, the richness of El Chango assemblage is testified by the discovery of carideans, palinurids, and brachyurans in the study sample. Finally, Mexicania nov. represents the first unequivocal report of Sicyoniidae in the fossil record, extending the stratigraphic range of this family back to the Cenomanian. The systematic position of Sicyonia roemeri (von der Marck, 1858), the only species previously interpreted as belonging to Sicyoniidae is here discussed, pointing out some morphological characters diagnostic of the Penaeidae. © 2013 E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, Germany.

One single decapod palinurid lobster from the Lower Cretaceous (Albian) is reported from Wissant (Pas-de-Calais, France). The studied specimen has been ascribed to the infraorder Achelata Scholtz & Richter, 1995, and named Panulirus destombesi n. sp. (Palinuridae Latreille, 1802). It is the first report of the Recent genus Panulirus White, 1847 in the fossil record, enlarging our knowledge of Lower Cretaceous palinurids. © Publications Scientifiques du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.

Radchenko A.G.,Ukrainian Academy of Sciences | Scupola A.,Museo di Storia Naturale
Vestnik Zoologii | Year: 2015

The Tetramorium striativentre species group is revised. Workers and queens of the species of this group are characterized by the unique for all other Palaearctic Tetramorium species feature: the first gastral tergite, or at least its anterior half, is very densely and distinctly longitudinally striato-punctated. We place six species to this group, including two new ones: T. striativentre Mayr, T. schneideri Emery, T. kabulistanicum Pisarski, T. saudicum Sharaf, T. sabatinellii sp. n. from Jordan, and T. pisarskii sp. n. from Afghanistan. Additions to the diagnosis of T. striativentre and T. schneideri and the first descriptions of males of these two species are provided, and a key to species of this group is compiled. © A. G. Radchenko et al. 2015.

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