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Marusik Y.M.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Ballarin F.,Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona
Zootaxa | Year: 2011

A new species Draconarius latellai n. sp. is described on the basis of two sexes from Northern Pakistan. It belongs to D. venustus species group and most similar to the generotype D. venustus Ovtchinnikov, 1999. The new species is compared with three other species occuring in Central Asia: D. venustus (Tajikistan), D. naranensis Ovtchinnikov, 2005 and D. pakistanicus Ovtchinnikov, 2005 (both from Northern Pakistan). Key to the four Central Asian species is provided and illustrations of all species are given. Copyright © 2011.


Zorzin R.,Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona | Agostini L.,IPSIA Enrico Fermi | Montecchi M.C.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Torri P.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Accorsi C.A.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
Acta Carsologica | Year: 2011

Since 2003, an extensive hydrogeological investigation has been carried out on Monte Baldo, in order to make a census of springs occurring along the west side of the mountain and to evaluate the quality of their water. The investigation included morphological and hydrogeological observations concerning the Tanella cave and interdisciplinary investigations performed on the deposits found in the cave. This paper shows the first data concerning the hydrogeology of the cave, as well as data on stratigraphy, pollen and micro-charcoals obtained from the analyses of a well preserved sequence located at ca. 80 m from the entrance (sequence A). The aim of the study was to reconstruct the environment of the area around the cave along the time span testified by the sequence. The sequence is 60 cm thick and was built up by fluvioglacial sediments followed by lacustrine sediments. Five samples taken along the sequence plus three recent control samples (mosses), collected in places assumed as origins of the pollen input, were studied for pollen and micro-charcoals. Pollen preservation was good and concentration varied from 101 to 103 p/g. Pollen spectra from the cave showed the evolution from a landscape of alpine grassland above the timberline, likely of glacial age, to a more forested Holocene landscape similar in flora to the current one testified by the control samples. Pollen probably arrived in the cave by air, water and animals and from plants growing near the cave. It appears to have been continuously underwater after its deposition due to its very good state of preservation. Micro-charcoals suggested that fires were sometimes lit near the cave.


Toledano L.,Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona | Gueorguiev B.,National Museum of Natural History
Ecologica Montenegrina | Year: 2015

B. pulcherrimum (Motschulsky, 1850), formerly ranked by different authors both as good species or subspecies of B. terminale Heer, 1841, is treated here as bona species. Its known distribution includes now also Turkey and NW Iran; photos are provided for the easy identification of the taxon. B. terminale confinis Korge, 1964 is here proposed for new synonym of B. pulcherrimum. A first record of B. terminale kirgisorum Netolitzky, 1933 for China, Xinjiang, is also given.


Marusik Y.M.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Bailarin F.,Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona | Bailarin F.,University of Turku | Omelko M.M.,Far Eastern Federal University
Zoology in the Middle East | Year: 2012

survey of species belonging to the Pardosa monticola species group from Iran is presented. A new species, P. persica sp. n., from Fars Province is described on the basis of both sexes. Two species, P. buchari Ovtsharenko, 1979 and P. pontica (Thorell, 1875), are reported from Iran for the first time. All the three species are illustrated. Earlier records of P. agrestis (Westring, 1861), P. agricola (Thorell, 1856), P. monticola (Clerck, 1757) and P. palustris (Linnaeus, 1758), from Iran appear to have been based on misidentifications of P. buchari and P. pontica. © Kasparek Verlag, Heidelberg.


Gobbi M.,Museo delle Science di Trento | Ballarin F.,Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona | Compostella C.,University of Milan | Lencioni V.,Museo delle Science di Trento | And 3 more authors.
Holocene | Year: 2014

We report on the key physical features of an active rock glacier that influence the distribution of plants and arthropods. We also perform a comparison with neighboring scree slope and alpine grassland to test whether the environmental features of the rock glacier drive the presence of specific species assemblages. Compared with scree slope and grassland, the studied rock glacier provides particular physical features that determine the presence of unique species. Plant distribution is mainly driven by grain size. Arthropod distribution is linked to grain size, with cold-adapted species found on areas with coarse-grained deep debris, which also shows a distinctive temperature regime with very low values throughout the year. On the basis of these findings, we advance the hypothesis that rock glaciers provide specific ecological conditions creating potential refugia for cold-demanding species during warm climatic periods. © The Author(s) 2014.


Ruffo S.,Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona | Tarocco M.,Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona | Latella L.,Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona
Italian Journal of Zoology | Year: 2014

A new species of Talitridae, Cryptorchestia garbinii, is here described and illustrated. It was collected in Lake Garda in 1895 and initially identified by Adriano Garbini, one of the first Italian hydrobiologists, as Orchestia littorea; then as O. gammarellus in a second publication, and finally as O. bottae. In 1925, Spandl identified the specimens from Lake Garda and other localities in Europe, as O. cavimana while noticing some morphological differences with the specimens from Cyprus, the type locality of the species. These differences in taxonomic characters were disregarded or less considered by other authors over the years. Very recently, Lowry and Fanini included Orchestia cavimana in the new genus Cryptorchestia. In this paper, the populations from Lake Garda, Europe and the Balkan area are identified as a new species, named, in accordance with the new genus created by Lowry and Fanini, Cryptorchestia garbinii sp. nov. We ascribe to C. cavimana only the population from Cyprus. http://zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:66EEE3AC-FC4A-4CA0-AE87-EF438A8AA239. © 2014 Unione Zoologica Italiana.


Logunov D.V.,University of Manchester | Ballarin F.,Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona | Marusik Y.M.,Russian Academy of Sciences
Arthropoda Selecta | Year: 2011

The present work provides new fau-nistic data on eight spider species of the families Philo-dromidae, Salticidae and Thomisidae from Karakoram (Pakistan). Five species are illustrated and the females of two species (Philodromus timidus and Thanatus fornicatus) are redescribed. The distribution of all the recorded species is discussed. T. fornicatus is reported for the faunas of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan for the first time. © 2011ARTHROPODA SELECTA.


Maddison D.R.,Oregon State University | Toledano L.,Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona
ZooKeys | Year: 2012

A new species of ground beetle, Bembidion ricei, is described from the Andes mountains of Ecuador east of Quito. It belongs to the georgeballi species group of subgenus Ecuadion, and is most similar to B. A key to the species of the group is provided. © David R. Maddison, Luca Toledano.


PubMed | University of Tehran, Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona, Museo di Storia Naturale di Milan and University of Milan
Type: | Journal: ZooKeys | Year: 2016

The Mediterranean Region is one of the worlds biodiversity hot-spots, which is also characterized by high level of endemism. Approximately 2100 species of leaf beetle (Coleoptera; Chrysomelidae) are known from this area, a number that increases year after year and represents 5/6% of the known species. These features, associated with the urgent need to develop a DNA-based species identification approach for a broad spectrum of leaf beetle species, prompted us to develop a database of nucleotide sequences, with a solid taxonomic background, for all the Chrysomelidae Latreille, 1802 sensu latu inhabiting the Mediterranean region. The Mediterranean Chrysomelidae Barcoding project, which has started in 2009, involves more than fifty entomologists and molecular biologists from different European countries. Numerous collecting campaigns have been organized during the first seven years of the project, which led to the collection of more than 5000 leaf beetle specimens. In addition, during these collecting campaigns two new allochthonous species for Europe, namely Ophraella communa LeSage, 1986 and Colasposoma dauricum Mannerheim, 1849, were intercepted and some species new to science were discovered (e.g., Pachybrachis sassii Montagna, 2011 and Pachybrachis holerorum Montagna et al., 2013). DNA was extracted from 1006 specimens (~13% of the species inhabiting the Mediterranean region) and a total of 910 cox1 gene sequences were obtained (PCR amplification efficiency of 93.8%). Here we report the list of the barcoded subfamilies, genera and the number of species for which cox1 gene sequences were obtained; the metadata associated with each specimen and a list of problematic species for which marker amplification failed. In addition, the nucleotide divergence within and between species and genera was estimated and values of intraspecific nucleotide divergence greater than the average have been discussed. Cryptocephalus quadripunctatus G. A. Olivier, 1808, Cryptocephalus rugicollis G. A. Olivier, 1791 and Exosoma lusitanicum Linnaeus, 1767) are representatives of these cases.


News Article | March 4, 2016
Site: www.scientificcomputing.com

This 32x photograph shows the detail of jewel beetle (Coleoptera Buprestidae). It received an honorable mention in the 2015 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope and was taken by Dr. Luca Toledano of Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona in Verona, Italy, using macroscopy, and image stacking.

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