Murmansk State Technical University or MSTU is one of the oldest universities on the Kola peninsula. The university was founded in 1950. Initially it had a name of the High Marine School . Later it received the status of the Russian State Academy of Fishing Fleet and since 1996 it has become the Murmansk State Technical University, the biggest and the most prestigious educational Center in the Far North of Russia and undoubtedly one of the biggest and famous in the whole North-West of the country. Wikipedia.
Namgaladze A.A.,Murmansk State Technical University
Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B | Year: 2013
Based on recent experimental and theoretical model results, the role of earthquakes and processes of their preparation as electricity sources in the global electric circuit (GEC) is discussed. In addition to the traditional elements of the GEC, such as thunderstorm currents, ionosphere currents, fair weather currents, and telluric currents, hypothetical seismogenic currents flowing between the faults and the ionosphere are considered. The ionization sources for these currents are presumably the radiation of radioactive gases and the ionization by the electric field of so-called "positive holes" created by the compression of tectonic plates, whereas transportation of electric charges between the Earth and the ionosphere occurs under the action of electric fields and turbulent diffusion (for heavy charged species). Seismogenic currents deliver electric charges into the ionosphere, which give rise to electric fields in it and in the magnetically conjugated region. The drift of magnetized plasma in the ionosphere F2-region and plasmasphere plasma under the action of these fields causes disturbances in the electron density and total electron content (TEC) of the ionosphere, which are observed by GPS satellites before strong earthquakes. The typical features of these disturbances (magnitudes, dimensions, stability, nighttime predominance of the relative TEC disturbances, geomagnetic conjugacy) are well reproduced in theoretical model calculations based on the solution of the equation for the electric ionosphere potential with specified seismogenic electric current at the lower boundary of the ionosphere if this current is strong enough (comparable with thunderstorm currents). The feasibility of such seismogenic currents is discussed. It is argued that the TEC disturbances observed before strong earthquakes cannot be explained by neutral atmosphere disturbances. These TEC disturbances can be treated as ionospheric earthquake precursors created by seismogenic GEC disturbances. © 2013 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Derkach S.R.,Murmansk State Technical University
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science | Year: 2014
This review is devoted to discussing the results of studies of the influence of low-molecular weight surfactant additions on the composition and properties of gelatin adsorbed layers which are spontaneously created at water/air and water/non-polar-liquid interfaces. The interaction of surfactant with gelatin leads to the formation of complexes of variable content in the aqueous phase bulk. The composition content is determined by the component ratio and concentration of the added surfactant. The role of surfactants (anionic, cationic, non-ionic) capable of forming complexes with gelatin due to electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions is considered. Analysis of the interfacial layer properties is based on literature information, as well as the own author's data. These data include the results of measuring thermodynamic properties (interface tension), laws of formation (adsorption kinetics and thickness), and rheological properties of the layers, which are considered to be dependent on gelatin and surfactant concentration, pH, and temperature. The evolution of the interfacial layers' properties (with increasing surfactant concentration) is discussed in connection with the properties and content of gelatin-surfactant complexes appearing in the aqueous phase. Such an approach allows us to explain the main peculiarities of layers' behavior including their stabilizing activity in relation to bilateral foam and emulsion films. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Zolotov O.V.,Murmansk State Technical University
Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B | Year: 2015
The paper presents a review of studies on ionosphere quasi-static electric fields’ variations over seismically active regions. It also highlights the urgency of such review nowadays. The principle features of the considered disturbances are reported according to the INTERCOSMOS-BULGARIA-1300 and DEMETER satellites observations. The electrostatic disturbances take place in all (Ex, Ey, Ez) components of the ionosphere electric field vector, happen over the near-epicenter as well as magnetically conjugated regions and are observed from a few minutes to a few tens of hours before and after a seismic event. They are 1–26 mV/m in amplitude and 1°–20° in space. Paper also reports nighttime domination of the considered disturbances and their amplitudes dependencies on the earthquake magnitude as well as hypocenter depth. © 2015, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Rasheva N.Yu.,Murmansk State Technical University
Neftyanoe khozyaystvo - Oil Industry | Year: 2015
Russia occupies a leading position in terms of crude oil production and provides 12% of the world oil trade. Russian exports of oil products the focus is European market. The world experience of the oil-producing complex demonstrates the need for the active involvement of the State in creating the conditions for its effective operations. One of the activities of the State addressing organizational and legal problems in the oil-producing complex is import substitution.
Beloushko K.E.,Murmansk State Technical University
Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B | Year: 2013
The coupling of the upper and lower atmosphere and the problem of developing a unified numerical model of the Earth's gaseous envelope is considered. The existing models of the upper and lower atmosphere are analyzed and specific models for use as parts of a future metamodels of Earth's atmosphere are selected. A general algorithm for combining these models is proposed. © 2013 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.