Assessment of gait deviation on the Babinski-Weill test in healthy Brazilians [Avaliação do desvio no teste da marcha de Babinski-Weill em uma amostra representativa de indivíduos brasileiros saudáveis]
Miranda C.S.,University of Sao Paulo |
Morimoto M.M.,Municipal University of Sao Caetano do Sul |
Piemonte M.E.P.,University of Sao Paulo |
Pereira C.B.,University of Sao Paulo
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria | Year: 2013
Objective: The aim of this study was to validate a simple and reproducible method for assessing gait deviation on the Babinski-Weill test in a representative sample of healthy Brazilians. Methods: Gait deviations were measured in 75 individuals (median=30 years, 41 women) for forward, backwards, and Babinski-Weill steps. The test entailed blindfolded individuals walking 10 paces at a frequency of 1 Hz with deviations subsequently measured by a protractor. Results: Mean gait deviation forward was 0.53° with standard deviation (SD)=4.22 and backwards was 2.14° with SD=4.29. No significant difference in deviation was detected between genders (t test p=0.40 forward and p=0.77 backwards) or for age (ANOVA, p=0.33 forward and p=0.63 backwards). On the Babinski-Weill test, mean gait deviation was 5.26°; SD=16.32 in women and -3.11°; SD=12.41 in men, with no significant difference between genders (t test, p=0.056). Discussion: Defining normative gait patterns helps distinguish pathological states.
Relationships between body symmetry during weight-bearing and functional reach among chronic hemiparetic patients [Correlação entre simetria corporal na descarga de peso e alcance funcional em hemiparéticos crônicos]
Pereira L.C.,Centro Universitario Padre Anchieta |
Botelho A.C.,Municipal University of Sao Caetano do Sul |
Martins E.F.,University of Brasilia
Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia | Year: 2010
Background: Postural control is often impaired in hemiparetic patients. During upright stance, hemiparetic subjects sway more than subjects with an unaffected hemibody, and they assume asymmetrical postures to place less weight on the affected side. Objective: To analyze functional reach and dependence on support devices among people with chronic hemiparesis and to investigate the relationships between displacements of functional reach and weight-bearing symmetry during upright stance. Methods: Fourteen participants with hemiparesis, classified as dependent on support devices or independent from them, were included in experimental procedures to record functional reach displacements and symmetry values. Results: No significant differences were found between the dependent and independent participants for any variable. However, when weight-bearing occurred on the unaffected side, the greatest displacements were significantly correlated with the most asymmetrical hemiparetic participants. Conclusion: Symmetry did not contribute to functional reach or independence from support devices among participants with hemiparesis. © Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia.
da Cunha D.T.,Federal University of Sao Paulo |
Fiorotti R.M.,Municipal University of Sao Caetano do Sul |
Baldasso J.G.,Instituto Nutra e Viva |
de Sousa M.,Instituto Nutra e Viva |
And 5 more authors.
Food Control | Year: 2013
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the development of food safety scores in school meal services during the application of a systematic intervention based on the knowledge, attitude and practice triad. A total of 68 public schools were included in the study. School meal services were assessed every three months with a checklist, which resulted in eight evaluations over two years. A program was developed and implemented in all the schools during this period that was comprised of three steps: 1) theoretical training, 2) implementation of action plans in situ and 3) weekly visits to motivate food handlers and monitor good practices. These steps were designed to promote changes in the attitudes and practices of food handlers. An ascending linear function was observed for the school meal services' general adequacy percentage over time. Positive developments were also observed regarding buildings and facilities, processes and procedures, distribution of meals, integrated pest management, water control, controls and records, health and safety of employees and equipment and utensils. Our results suggest that the proposed intervention strategy performs well in making school meal services conform to good practices and that strategies in this context should be permanent and continuous. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Regional resilience in the theoretical and empirical perspectives: The case of the Industrial Pole of Cubatão, São Paulo [Resiliência regional nas perspectivas teórica e empírica: O caso do Polo Industrial de Cubatão, São Paulo]
Pitteri S.,Municipal University of Sao Caetano do Sul |
Bresciani L.P.,University of Campinas
Revista Brasileira de Gestao e Desenvolvimento Regional | Year: 2014
The debate on regional development has recently expanded from an increasingly comprehensive view on the resilience regarding regions, in response to a very diverse matrix of external shocks, including financial crises, dangerous climate changes, terrorist movements and extreme environmental disasters. The notion of location resilience emerges as a specific ability of localities in reacting, responding and dealing with changes and uncertainties facing adversity, as natural disasters or artificial ones. In Brazil, an emblematic case of regional resilience can be identified in the region of the Industrial Pole of Cubatão, SP where it is analyzing how a region which has been called the "Valley of Death" (1980), managed to reverse an imminent situation of losing its industrialization through joint efforts. The critical framework of environmental degradation has been reversed and it is close to normality. This study aims to present the main theoretical approaches of regional resilience and verify their applicability in the case of the Industrial area of Cubatão. It is structured in three sections, first we present the main theoretical approaches on regional resilience and respective analysis models; in the sequence, it will be performed a narrative of the Industrial Pole of Cubatão, under the Evolutionary Economics perspective and analysis of the Plan of Action for Environmental Recovery (1983-2008). The resultant achievement indicators and territorial competences adopted indicating the adaptability stage of the region in the long term. The final considerations highlight the efforts that are being promoted in an attempt of solving issues that still exist in the region and suggestions for future studies.
Spelta A.G.,Municipal University of Sao Caetano do Sul |
Albertin A.L.,Fundacao Getulio Vargas
Information Systems Management | Year: 2012
The authors of this study developed a conceptual model of the drivers behind the decision to create a project management office for the Information Technology area and tested the model by applying discriminant analysis to data gathered from 40 large companies. The results indicate that the discriminant model significantly differentiates the contexts of firms with and without IT project management offices. The study contributes to theoretical progress in the field and is useful to practitioners. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.