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Wang Y.,Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences | Wang Y.,Municipal Key Laboratory of the Molecular Genetics of Hybrid Wheat | Yuan G.,Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences | Yuan G.,Municipal Key Laboratory of the Molecular Genetics of Hybrid Wheat | And 18 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2016

The 12-oxo-phytodienoic acid reductases (OPRs) are involved in the various processes of growth and development in plants, and classified into the OPRI and OPRII subgroups. In higher plants, only OPRII subgroup genes take part in the biosynthesis of endogenous jasmonic acid. In this study, we isolated a novel OPRII subgroup gene named TaOPR2 (GeneBank accession: KM216389) from the thermo-sensitive genic male sterile (TGMS) wheat cultivar BS366. TaOPR2 was predicted to encode a protein with 390 amino acids. The encoded protein contained the typical oxidored-FMN domain, the C-terminus peroxisomal-targeting signal peptide, and conserved FMN-binding sites. TaOPR2 was mapped to wheat chromosome 7B and located on peroxisome. Protein evolution analysis revealed that TaOPR2 belongs to the OPRII subgroup and shares a high degree of identity with other higher plant OPR proteins. The quantitative real-time PCR results indicated that the expression of TaOPR2 is inhibited by abscisic acid (ABA), salicylic acid (SA), gibberellic acid (GA3), low temperatures and high salinity. In contrast, the expression of TaOPR2 can be induced by wounding, drought and methyl jasmonate (MeJA). Furthermore, the transcription level of TaOPR2 increased after infection with Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici and Puccinia recondite f. sp. tritici. TaOPR2 has NADPH-dependent oxidoreductase activity. In addition, the constitutive expression of TaOPR2 can rescue the male sterility phenotype of Arabidopsis mutant opr3. These results suggest that TaOPR2 is involved in the biosynthesis of jasmonic acid (JA) in wheat. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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