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Sun H.-J.,Shandong University | Sun H.-J.,Shandong Normal University | Liu Y.-J.,Municipal Hospital of Heze | Li N.,Shandong University | And 9 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2012

The novel member of the Rab family of GTPases, Rab23, is an essential negative regulator of the Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling pathway. Loss of function mutation of the Rab23 gene causes abnormal development of the neural tube in mice and in certain human congenital diseases. The aberrant overexpression of Rab23 has been associated with various diseases, such as gastric, hepatocellular and lung cancer. The exact function of Rab23 in hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs), however, remains unknown. Previously, we reported the abnormal sublocalization of Rab23 in lung cancers. In the current study, we investigated the role of Rab23 in HCCs. We report the distinct sublocalization pattern of Rab23 in HCC cell lines. This difference depends on the GDP/GTP-binding form, and inhibition of the Rab23 cycle decreases the expression and nuclear localization of Gli1.

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