Yang W.,Multidisciplinary Neuroprotection Laboratories |
Thompson J.W.,Duke Institute for Genome Science and Policy |
Wang Z.,Multidisciplinary Neuroprotection Laboratories |
Wang Z.,Zhengzhou University |
And 5 more authors.
Journal of Proteome Research | Year: 2012
Transient cerebral ischemia dramatically activates small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO2/3) conjugation. In cells exposed to 6 h of transient oxygen/glucose deprivation (OGD), a model of ischemia, SUMOylation increases profoundly between 0 and 30 min following re-oxygenation. To elucidate the effect of transient OGD on SUMO conjugation of target proteins, we exposed neuroblastoma B35 cells expressing HA-SUMO3 to transient OGD and used stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) to quantify OGD-induced changes in levels of specific SUMOylated proteins. Lysates from control and OGD-treated cells were mixed equally, and HA-tagged proteins were immunoprecipitated and analyzed by 1D-SDS-PAGE-LC-MS/MS. We identified 188 putative SUMO3-conjugated proteins, including numerous transcription factors and coregulators, and PIAS2 and PIAS4 SUMO ligases, of which 22 were increased or decreased more than ±2-fold. In addition to SUMO3, the levels of protein-conjugated SUMO1 and SUMO2, as well as ubiquitin, were all increased. Importantly, protein ubiquitination induced by OGD was completely blocked by gene silencing of SUMO2/3. Collectively, these results suggest several mechanisms for OGD-modulated SUMOylation, point to a number of signaling pathways that may be targets of SUMO-based signaling and recovery from ischemic stress, and demonstrate a tightly controlled crosstalk between the SUMO and ubiquitin conjugation pathways. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
Wang H.,Multidisciplinary Neuroprotection Laboratories |
Wang H.,Duke University |
James M.L.,Multidisciplinary Neuroprotection Laboratories |
James M.L.,Duke University |
And 9 more authors.
Neurocritical Care | Year: 2014
Background: Despite intensive research, neurological morbidity from delayed cerebral ischemia remains common after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). In the current study, we evaluate the neuroprotective effects of a pH-dependent GluN2B subunit-selective NMDA receptor antagonist in a murine model of SAH. Methods: Following induction of SAH, 12 ± 2 week old male C57-BL/6 mice received NP10075, a pH-dependent NMDA receptor antagonist, or vehicle. In a separate series of experiments, NP10075 and the non-pH sensitive NMDA antagonist, NP10191, were administered to normoglycemic and hyperglycemic mice. Both histological (right middle cerebral artery diameter, NeuN, and Fluoro-Jade B staining) and functional endpoints (rotarod latency and neuroseverity score) were evaluated to assess the therapeutic benefit of NP10075. Results: Administration of NP10075 was well tolerated and had minimal hemodynamic effects following SAH. Administration of the pH-sensitive NMDA antagonist NP10075, but not NP10191, was associated with a durable improvement in the functional performance of both normoglycemic and hyperglycemic animals. NP10075 was also associated with a reduction in vasospasm in the middle cerebral artery associated with hemorrhage. There was no significant difference between treatment with nimodipine + NP10075, as compared to NP10075 alone. Conclusions: These data demonstrate that use of a pH-dependent NMDA antagonist has the potential to work selectively in areas of ischemia known to undergo acidic pH shifts, and thus may be associated with selective regional efficacy and fewer behavioral side effects than non-selective NMDA antagonists. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Sheng H.,Multidisciplinary Neuroprotection Laboratories |
Reynolds J.D.,Institute for Transformative Molecular Medicine |
Auten R.L.,Duke University |
Demchenko I.T.,Multidisciplinary Neuroprotection Laboratories |
And 5 more authors.
Stroke | Year: 2011
Background and Purpose- S-nitrosylated hemoglobin (S-nitrosohemoglobin) has been implicated in the delivery of O2 to tissues through the regulation of microvascular blood flow. This study tested the hypothesis that enhancement of S-nitrosylated hemoglobin by ethyl nitrite inhalation improves outcome after experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Methods- A preliminary dosing study identified 20 ppm ethyl nitrite as a concentration that produced a 4-fold increase in S-nitrosylated hemoglobin concentration with no increase in methemoglobin. Mice were subjected to endovascular perforation of the right anterior cerebral artery and were treated with 20 ppm ethyl nitrite in air, or air alone for 72 hours, after which neurologic function, cerebral vessel diameter, brain water content, cortical tissue Po2, and parenchymal red blood cell flow velocity were measured. Results- At 72 hours after hemorrhage, air- and ethyl nitrite-exposed mice had similarly sized blood clots. Ethyl nitrite improved neurologic score and rotarod performance; abated SAH-induced constrictions in the ipsilateral anterior, middle cerebral, and internal carotid arteries; and prevented an increase in ipsilateral brain water content. Ethyl nitrite inhalation increased red blood cell flow velocity and cortical tissue Po2 in the ipsilateral cortex with no effect on systemic blood pressure. Conclusions- Targeted S-nitrosylation of hemoglobin improved outcome parameters, including vessel diameter, tissue blood flow, cortical tissue Po2, and neurologic function in a murine SAH model. Augmenting endogenous Po2-dependent delivery of NO bioactivity to selectively dilate the compromised cerebral vasculature has significant clinical potential in the treatment of SAH. © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.