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Matsumoto I.,Multicenter Study Group of Pancreatobiliary Surgery | Matsumoto I.,Kobe University | Matsumoto I.,Kinki University | Murakami Y.,Multicenter Study Group of Pancreatobiliary Surgery | And 35 more authors.
Pancreatology | Year: 2015

Background/objective: Although surgical resection remains the only chance for cure in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), postoperative early recurrence (ER) is frequently encountered. The purpose of this study is to determine the preoperative predictive factors for ER after upfront surgical resection. Methods: Between 2001 and 2012, 968 patients who underwent upfront surgery with R0 or R1 resection for PDAC at seven high-volume centers in Japan were retrospectively reviewed. ER was defined as relapse within 6 months after surgery. Study analysis stratified by resectable (R) and borderline resectable (BR) PDACs was conducted according to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines. Results: ER occurred in 239 patients (25%) with a median survival time (MST) of 8.8 months. Modified Glasgow prognostic score = 2 (odds ratio (OR) 2.06, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.05-3.95;. P = 0.044), preoperative CA19-9 ≥300 U/ml (OR 1.94, 1.29-2.90;. P = 0.003), and tumor size ≥30 mm (OR 1.72, 1.16-2.56;. P = 0.006), were identified as preoperative independent predictive risk factors for ER in patients with R-PDAC. In the R-PDAC patients, MST was 35.5, 26.3, and 15.9 months in patients with 0, 1 and ≥2 risk factors, respectively. There were significant differences in overall survival between the three groups (P < 0.001). No preoperative risk factors were identified in BR-PDAC patients with a high rate of ER (39%). Conclusions: There is a high-risk subset for ER even in patients with R-PDAC and a simple risk scoring system is useful for prediction of ER. © 2015 IAP and EPC.

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