Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2012.1.1-3. | Award Amount: 5.94M | Year: 2013
In order to achieve the greening of the European air transport with the deployment of low emission and low noise propulsion systems the reduction of core noise plays an important role. The ability to design low core noise aero-engines requires the development of reliable prediction tools. This development demands extensive research with dedicated experimental test cases and sophisticated numerical and analytical modelling work to broaden the physical understanding of core noise generation mechanisms. This objective is only reachable with an extensive cooperation on the European level. In this proposal Research on Core Noise Reduction (RECORD) the major aero-engine manufacturers of five different European countries collaborate to enable the design of low core noise aero-engines. In RECORD the fundamental understanding of core noise generation and how can it be reduced will be achieved by combining the research competence of all European experts in universities and research organizations working in this field of core noise. This concept of the RECORD project is completed by the technology development of small and medium size enterprises distributed in Europe. RECORD will promote the understanding of noise generating mechanism and its propagation taking the interaction of combustor and turbine into account. The importance of direct and indirect noise will be quantified. Through carefully designed experiments and extensive numerical calculations, the numerical methods and assumptions will be validated and extended. As a result, low-order models will provide a quick approach for the noise design of combustors and subsequent turbine stages while the more time-consuming and expensive LES calculation will provide a more detailed picture of the flow physics. Finally, RECORD will develop means and methods for core noise reduction.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: AAT.2010.1.1-1.;AAT.2010.1.3-2. | Award Amount: 2.23M | Year: 2010
The X-NOISE EV Coordination Action, through its network structure and comprehensive workplan involving experts groups, scientific workshops, international cooperation seminars and a common information system, addresses the noise challenges faced by Aviation. To this end, it will more specifically: - Evaluate EU-funded projects results and assess their contribution to the state-of-the-art. - Formulate, through development of common strategies and complementarity with national activities, priorities and key topics for future projects aimed at noise reduction at source, low noise operations, and improved understanding and modelling of the impact of aircraft noise in the community, including environmental interdependencies. - Ensure dissemination and exploitation of research findings, including technical information aimed at Regulatory Bodies and Policymaking Agencies. - Contribute to an improved integration of the European Aviation Noise Research Community through a network of National Focal Points covering all countries with such technical interest - Identify potential reinforcement of future projects partnership through extended international networking and dedicated processes to foster new collaborations and promote novel ideas. The project scope is fully consistent with the FP7 Transport workprogramme (Aeronautics), significantly contributing to the objectives of reducing Aircraft Noise by 10 dB per operation as set by the ACARE 2020 Vision,.while addressing key factors associated with Airport Noise issues. Over 4 years, the project will involve 29 partners from 21 countries (FR, UK, ES, NL, BE, DE, SE, IT, PL, HE, HU, CZ, LT, IE, PT, RO, CH, RU, UKR, EG, BR), combining the complementary skills and expertise of industry partners, SMEs, universities and research establishments to cover the whole field of interest.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: NMP.2013.2.3-2 | Award Amount: 880.60K | Year: 2013
Scope of this proposal is to establish a network of stakeholders - an Integrative Computational Materials Engineering expert group (ICMEg) - aiming at the creation of an open, global standard for information exchange between a heterogeneous variety of commercial and academic simulation tools. The vision of the ICMEg proposal is a new strategy of materials and process development, where a variety of academic and commercial simulation tools present and future can be easily combined across different process steps and bridging several length scales in a plug&play type architecture being based on an object oriented, standardized information exchange. Multi-scale in this context covers electronic, atomistic,mesoscopic and continuum models The Mission of ICMEg is to establish and to maintain a network of contacts to (1) simulation software providers around the world (2) governmental and international standardization authorities (3) ICME type users of simulation software (4) different associations in the area of materials and processing (5) academic developers of simulation software to define an ICME language in form of an open and standardized communication protocol to stimulate knowledge sharing in the field of multiscale materials design to communicate this standard worldwide to make it widely accepted to discuss and to decide about future amendments to the initial standard to establish a legal body for a sustainable further development The Approach of ICMEg to realize both its vision and its mission is to create a global network of all stakeholders in the area of ICME software and users by identifying all actors in the field of ICME related simulations creating an inventory of these stakeholders networking of all identified stakeholders in two international conferences composing a directory of all available simulation approaches establishing a common language for standardized information exchange secure sustainable further the common language by foundation of an international association identifying missing models and functionalities and proposing a roadmap for their development
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2013.8-1. | Award Amount: 3.42M | Year: 2013
The PoLaRBEAR (Production and Analysis Evolution For Lattice Related Barrel Elements Under Operations With Advanced Robustness) project focuses on reliable novel composite aircraft structures based on geodesic technology aiming at a significant higher Robustness and Technology Readiness Level (TRL). While the global structural behavior of composite geodesic structures is investigated and understood in a top-down approach in EU-ALaSCA, PoLaRBEAR will follow up in a bottom-up approach on local level analyzing the geodesic structures in terms of in-operation demands for higher TRL. The main objectives of this research proposal are: Industrial highly automated process for cost efficient barrel manufacturing Advanced reliability of geodesic structures under operational loads Design rules for robust grid structures The aim is to promote a competent cooperation in the development of light, low-cost airframe fuselage structures made with a new generation of composite materials and based on geodesic / iso-grid technologies under operations. The proposal will enhance the cooperation in research and in innovation between the European Union and the Russian Federation in the field of civil transport aircraft.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2008.1.4.1. | Award Amount: 30.00M | Year: 2009
Reducing noise from aircraft operations perceived by airport neighbouring communities is a major challenge facing the aircraft manufacturing industry, social society and the air transport business. By adopting a whole aircraft approach based on the latest developments in active / adaptive technologies, flow control techniques and advances in computational aero-acoustics applied to the major causes of noise at source, OPENAIR aims to deliver a step change in noise reduction, beyond the SILENCE(R) achievements. The workplan clearly supports realistic exploitation of promising design concepts driven by noise reduction and will result in the development and validation up to TRL 5 of 2nd Generation technology solutions. OPENAIRs multidisciplinary approach and composition is suited to the projected integrated, lightweight solutions. The process includes a down-selection in mid project. The selected technologies will be subjected to scaled rig tests, and the resulting data will support assessment of the noise reduction solutions on powerplant and airframe configurations across the current and future European range of products. The project exploitation plan will include detailed proposals for further demonstration in the Clean Sky JTI. The verification of the technologies applicability will be assured by addressing identified integration and environmental tradeoffs (performance, weight, emissions). In this way OPENAIR will develop solutions that can play a significant role, in continuity with the previous Generation 1 effort, enabling future products to meet the ACARE noise goals and improving current fleet noise levels through retrofitting. This capability is key to providing the flexibility needed to simultaneously accommodate market requirements in all segments, global traffic growth and environmental constraints, while addressing the global environmental research agenda of the EU.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2013.4-6. | Award Amount: 26.47M | Year: 2013
Thermal behaviour of aircraft has recently become a crucial subject due to many factors: increasing number of complex systems required by modern, more electric, commercial aircraft, the introduction of hotter engines with higher by-pass ratios, the increased use of composite material in aircraft structures, or the confinement of highly dissipative equipment and systems in smaller areas to earn space for passengers and cargo. New advanced techniques to manage the aircraft thermal behaviour at the very early stages of development are essential to take the right configuration decisions while meeting market demands. To work efficiently and on emerging innovative solutions, it is essential to perform thermal management at the global aircraft level. Today, thermal studies are performed for sizing and risk analyses. The TOICA project intends to radically change the way thermal studies are performed within aircraft design processes. It will create and manage a thermal aircraft architecture which today does not exist. This will be shared in the extended enterprise with design partners through a collaborative environment supporting new advanced capabilities developed by the project, namely the architect cockpit, which will allow the architects and experts to monitor the thermal assessment of an aircraft and to perform trade-off studies. Super integration will support a holistic view of the aircraft and allow traditional design views and the related simulation cascade to be challenged. Six use cases illustrating new thermal strategies will demonstrate the benefits of the TOICA approach on realistic aircraft configurations. Plateaus will be organised with architects for the definition, selection and evaluation of thermally optimised aircraft configurations. These plateaus will drumbeat the project. In parallel, technology readiness evaluations will assess the maturity of the developed technologies and support the deployment and exploitation of the TOICA results.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2008.4.4.1. | Award Amount: 54.79M | Year: 2009
The IMG4 project CRESCENDO addresses the Vision 2020 objectives for the aeronautical industry by contributing significantly to the fulfilment of three specific targets of the aeronautical industrys Strategic Research Agenda. CRESCENDO will develop the foundations for the Behavioural Digital Aircraft (BDA), taking experience and results from VIVACE, and integrating these into a federative system and building the BDA on top of them. Main components of the BDA are: the Model Store, the Simulation Factory, the Quality Laboratory, and the Enterprise Collaboration Capabilities. It will be validated through use cases and test cases concerning Power Plant Integration, Energy Aircraft, Thermal Aircraft and Value Generation design problems and viewpoints during the preliminary design, detailed design, and test and certification phases of a generic aircraft product life-cycle. The BDA will become the new backbone for the simulation world, just as the Digital Mock-up (DMU) is today for the Product Life-cycle Management (PLM) world. This is considered a challenging area for research and innovation for the next decade. Hence, the CRESCENDO results will provide the aeronautics supply chain with the means to realistically manage and mature the virtual product in the extended/virtual enterprise with all of the requested functionality and components in each phase of the product engineering life cycle. CRESCENDO will make its approach available to the aeronautics supply chain via existing networks, information dissemination, training and technology transfer actions. The project will be organised into six subprojects: four technical and business-oriented subprojects, one Enabling Capabilities subproject which will deliver the BDA and a sixth subproject, responsible for consortium management and innovation issues. CRESCENDO will bring together 59 partners from industry, research institutes, universities and technology providers.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CS | Phase: JTI-CS-2012-1-SFWA-02-026 | Award Amount: 750.00K | Year: 2012
A requirement has been produced to perform a combination of experimental wind tunnel tests and numerical simulations to study the phenomena of acoustic refraction through the aerodynamic boundary layer over a fuselage. The aim of the research will be to acquire and utilise experimental acoustic data to validate and develop numerical simulation methods in order to better understand the complex phenomena of noise transmission from Contra-rotating Open Rotor engines (CROR) into the aircraft cabin at cruise conditions. The research will utilise a significant number of existing test components and acoustic instrumentation to maximise the quantity of unique experimental data obtained. The tests will be performed in the ARA 2.74m x 2.44m Transonic Wind Tunnel using an acoustic liner insert to create a near anechoic environment in the working section. An existing fuselage model will be utilised, incorporating extensive steady and unsteady pressure sensor installations and a large array of microphones. An existing tonal noise source will also be utilised. Aircraft Research Association Ltd (ARA) proposes to apply its extensive experience and expertise in wind tunnel testing and model design and manufacture to lead this programme of work. ARA will liaise with the CfP leader during the design and manufacture of the test hardware and subsequent wind tunnel tests, developing and exploiting current state of the art techniques including traversing mechanisms for the hot-wire probes and high-speed acoustic data recording. The numerical acoustic simulations will be performed by Free Field Technologies (FFT) using CAA (Computational Aero-Acoustics) codes, which will be assessed and developed using the experimental acoustic data from the wind tunnel tests.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-1.1-2014 | Award Amount: 5.28M | Year: 2015
The European industry is currently a world leader in aviation and to maintain its leading position and competitiveness in the dynamic global market, Europes industry must develop quickly and efficiently high quality products by meeting time-critical market demands and customers needs. Industrial competition is becoming fiercer not only from established regions, such as the USA, but from new emerging challengers, such as Brazil, Canada, etc. Technological leadership and innovation is becoming the major competitive differentiator, most notably in terms of costs, and environmental performance. The market demands shorter cycles of new technology integration and, on the other hand, competitors enter the market with aggressive prices. It is forecasted that in 2050, innovative products and services demanded by the market will be based on state of the art design, manufacturing and certification processes with a significant reduction of the environmental impact. Recent studies have shown that the development and deployment of new structural technologies will have the greatest impact in the reduction of weight and operational costs compared to other technologies. Against this background, composite materials technology is of fundamental importance to current and future aircraft structures where high specific properties and integration of multiple functionalities are essential to improve weight, fuel efficiency, reduce CO2 emissions, and certification costs. The vulnerability of composite structures to localised, dynamic, sudden, and unexpected loads, may result in unpredictable complex localized damage and a loss of post-impact residual strength. The aim of the EXTREME project is to develop novel material characterisation methods and in-situ measurement techniques, material models and simulation methods for the design and manufacture aerospace composite structures under EXTREME dynamic loadings leading to a significant reduction of weight, design and certification cost.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2014 | Award Amount: 1.05M | Year: 2015
Cell migration assays are commonly used to study wound healing, cancer cell invasion, and tissue development. Problems associated with the gap closure assays typically employed are that: (i) the stopper or scratch used to make the migration zone damages the extracellular matrix (ECM), (ii) the migration zone size is limited by the size of the stopper, and (iii) the scratched migration zone shapes and sizes are irreproducible. Cell migration is strongly coupled with the structure and mechanical properties of the ECM, and damage to the ECM alters the cell migration path. The main objective of this project is to develop a prototype novel cell migration assay, which will significantly improve the predictive power of cell-based assays while avoiding problems associated with existing assays, based on seeding cells precisely on pristine extracellular matrix tissue mimics with native-like cell-functionality and reproducible migration zones. In accomplishing this, we will also address the following questions: What are the structure-property relationships between collagen I matrices with controlled thicknesses and fibril diameter and alignment, and their mechanical and electromechanical properties? What are the critical parameters for achieving functional bonding between the substrate and the highly anisotropic viscoelastic collagen I matrices and controlling the overall mechanical properties? Does the distribution of collagen fibril polar ordering, i.e., piezoelectric domains, influence cell migration? What parameters control crimp formation in tendon-like collagen I matrices? What parameters control and explain the unusual viscoelastic properties (e.g., they not depend on the speed of deformation, at least within the interval 0.01 - 1 mm/sec) of tendon-like collagen matrices? Which cell types, including cancer cells, co-align with collagen fibril alignment or crimp direction?