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Gulbarga, India

Math S.C.,SSIMS and RC | Kulkarni S.R.,MRMC | Jatti V.K.B.,SSIMS and RC Davangere | Shobha,J.J.M.M.C
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2010

Bilateral duplication of optic canal is considered to be a rare anomaly. Literature is available & cases are reported showing bilateral & unilateral duplication of the optic canal in dry human skulls. In the present study 2 cases (1 male & 1 female) bilateral duplicate optic canals were found out of 316 macerated adult skulls of both sexes. A bony septa separated the main canal from the duplicate canal. The larger canal usually carries the optic nerve with the meninges & the smaller one transmits the ophthalmic artery. This study has been made & reported as a rare anomaly.

Parameshwarappa K.D.,BIRMS | Chandrakanth C.,BIRMS | Sunil B.,MRMC
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2012

Aims and Objectives: The intestinal parasitic infections which are prevalent in the developing countries may even be more important than the bacterial infections. In India, malnutrition, unhygienic conditions, the improper disposal of sewage, the non-availability of potable water supplies in the rural and the urban areas, the indifferent attitude of the population towards personal hygiene, their low socio-economic status and the low literacy rates are responsible for the high rates of intestinal parasitic infections. In view of the above facts, the present study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of the intestinal parasitic infections in the urban and the rural populations which came under a tertiary care teaching hospital. Material and Methods: A total of 1000 stool samples were collected from the rural and the urban populations and each stool sample was examined by: 1. Gross examination 2. Direct microscopic examination by using saline and iodine preparations and by 3. Concentration techniques like simple slat flotation, Zinc sulphate centrifugal floatation, formol-ether concentration and modified formol-ether concentration. Results: The prevalence of the intestinal parasitic infections was higher in the rural population. A male predominance was noted (33.29%) in both the populations. Children who were between 10-20 years of age had the highest prevalence of the parasitic infestations. The common parasite which was isolated from both the populations was Entamoeba histolytica, with a prevalence rate of 65.57%, followed by Ascaris lumbricoides. Conclusion: The modified formol-ether sedimentation procedure showed a high sensitivity for the parasitic detection. The supplementation of the routine method with floatation and the sedimentation technique will improve the diagnostic accuracy when this is compared to the routine method alone.

Gurulingappa,MRMC | Aleem M.A.,MNR Medical College | Awati M.N.,MRMC | Adarsh S.,MRMC
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2012

Background and objectives: Laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation is invariably associated with a reflex sympathetic pressor response resulting in elevated heart rate and blood pressures. This may prove detrimental in high risk patients. Objective of this study is to compare the effects of lignocaine and fentanyl in attenuation of this pressor response to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation. Methods: Seventy five ASA I and II status normotensive patients scheduled for elective surgical procedures were selected randomly and divided into three groups of 25 each. All patients received premedication with pentazocine 0.05mg/kg i.v., atropine 0.01mg/ kg intramuscularly and midazolam 0.01mg/kg i.v. half an hour prior to induction. Induction of anesthesia was standardized for all patients who received, thiopentone 5 mg/kg i.v. and and were relaxed with succinylcholine 2mg/kg i.v. The first group received fentanyl 4micrograms/kg i.v bolus, the second group received lignocaine 1.5mg i.v bolus and then third group received placebo (normal saline), 5 minutes before laryngoscopy and intubation. HR, systolic, diastolic blood pressure were recorded noninvasively one day priorly B, Before induction 0 postinduction, 1,2,3,4 and 5 minutes from the onset of laryngoscopy. Results: After intubation incidence of tachycardia (HR>100/min) was significantly greater in placebo and lignocaine group than in fentanyl group (p<0.05). Rise in SBP and DBP were also statistically significant in placebo and lignocaine group than in fentanyl group (p<0.05). Conclusion: Attenuation of pressor response is seen both with lignocaine and fentanyl. Of the two drugs fentanyl 4mgicrogram i.v. bolus provides a consistent, reliable and effective attenuation as compared to lignocaine 1.5mg/kg iv. bolus.

Math S.C.,SSIMS and RC | Nandyal V.,MRMC | Kulkarni S.R.,MRMC | Jatti V.B.,SSIMS and RC
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2011

This study was under taken to know the sexual differences in an adult (north Karnataka) human sacrum & thus identify a male from a female sacrum using various indices. 254 dried completely ossified grossly normal human adult sacrum of both sex (190 male & 64 female) where taken from anatomy department of Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College Gulbarga. In the present study the sacral index, curvature index, carporobasal index, alar index showed statistical difference between male & female except the index of body of S1. Identification point & demarking point helped in sexing the sacrum with certainty. The most useful index for sex determination of sacrum in this study was sacral index.

Pujari D.K.,MRMC | Pujari A.D.,MRMC
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2012

In a prospective study of 4280 births in Vanivilas Hospital, Bangalore Medical College, Bangalore 61 cases of congenital malformations were observed with an Incidence of 14.25/1000 live births. A total of 117 malformations were observed. Among these 95 were major and 22 were of minor type. The central nervous system, gastro-intestinal and multiple system involvement were the commonest with 12 cases each (19.67%), followed by musculoskeletal 11 (18.03%), cardio-vascular 4 (6.56%), genito urinary 02 (3.30%)cases), cutaneous 1 (1.64%) and 07 (11.49%) cases were miscellaneous. Malformations in the new born males were 52.46%, in females it was 45.90% and 1.64% are of ambiguous genitalia thereby showing male preponderance. Maximum of 42 cases (68.85%) were born to non-consanguineous group and 19 cases (31.15%) were to consanguineous couples.

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