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Udaipur, India

Tripathi S.,MPUAT | Dewan S.,Government Home Science College
Textile Trends

Skirt (a rectangular of material tied around the hip) is known to have been worn by men and women of Stone Age and before, but the skirts have seen a number of variations since then. There have been changes in their style, form, purpose and design. It is surprising that the "skirts" which form part of the wardrobe of a young girl today, and which is considered a dress of western origin, is in fact, closest to the very first clothing ever to be worn. The word skirt is of Scandinavian origin, coming from skyrta, which originally meant shirt. Source

Priyanka,MPUAT | Sharma H.,Agro Economic Research Center | Meera,C.O.A. | Lakhotiya M.K.,C.O.A.
Journal of Industrial Pollution Control

Land degradation can be considered in terms of the loss of actual or potential productivity or utility as a result of natural or anthropic factors; it is the decline in land quality or reduction in its productivity. Gujarat is the one of the fastest growing states of India. The state has adopted a novel pattern of progress with the strategic development of the key sectors like energy, industry and agriculture for which it has achieved ambitious double digit growth rate since 10th Five Year Plan period. The state constitutes about 6.2 per cent of total geographical area and 4.99 per cent of total population of India. As per Census 2011, about 3.47 crores people of the state live in rural areas forming about 57.4 per cent of its total population (GOI, 2011). Agriculture in Gujarat is characterized by natural disparities. A large and growing population has placed a great deal of stress on the topsoil resources of this region. Much of the land used for agriculture in the state is of a very marginal nature. This, combined with the intensive nature of the agricultural practices of this region, has placed its soil resources face a constant danger of depletion. Currently, the heavy application of fertilizers is required to maintain basic productive capacity. Rapid urban and industrial development, deforestation, inadequate soil conservation, the cultivation of steep slopes and overgrazing have all had a devastating impact. The resultant effects of the degradation are massive unemployment, migration of labour, regional and intergenerational disparities, loss of natural resource base and ecological imbalance. © EM International. Source

Bairwa R.C.,MPUAT | Kaushik M.K.,MPUAT | Jatav M.K.,Central Potato Research Institute
International Journal of Agricultural and Statistical Sciences

Field experiment was conducted for two consecutive rabi season of the years 2004-05 and 2005- 06, to find out the individual effect of varieties (Rmt-1 and Rmt-303), four fertility levels (0, 10 kg nitrogen + 20 kg phosphorous ha -1, 20 kg nitrogen + 40 kg phosphorous ha-1 and 30 kg nitrogen + 60 kg phosphorous ha-1) and three growth regulators (water spray, ethephon 100 ppm and nepthalic acetic acid (NAA) 20 ppm) were studied on yield, quality and economics of fenugreek. Cultivar Rmt-303 gave higher seed yield, protein content and net return as compared to cultivar Rmt-1. Application of 30 kg nitrogen + 60 kg phosphorous ha-1 gave significantly higher yield and protein content which was 30.94 and 19.98% more compared to control and this treatment was at par with 20 kg nitrogen + 40 kg phosphorous ha-1. Similar trend was followed for net return and B:C ratio. Application of NAA growth regulator (20 ppm) gave significantly higher yield, net return and B : C ratio compared to control and was superior over ethephon (100 ppm). Source

Agrawal N.,MPUAT | Venugopalan K.,MPUAT
Proceedings of 2011 International Conference on Emerging Trends in Networks and Computer Communications, ETNCC2011

Speckle noise contaminates image content and thus detracts from image interpretation. Speckle noise is the grainy salt-and-pepper pattern present in radar imagery caused by the interaction of out-of-phase waves with a target. Speckle noise reduction is usually employed prior to further image analysis. The primary goal of speckle filtering is to reduce speckle noise without sacrificing information content. The ideal speckle filter should adaptively smooth speckle noise, retain edges and features, and also preserve subtle but distinguishable details, such as thin linear features and point targets. Various speckle filters have been devised due to their different purposes and different capacities. In the present paper we are analyzing median, Lee and Wiener2 filters for the sampled SAR images from ENVISAT, RADARSAT2, US Library Congress and comparing their performances statistically by analyzing quality parameters like data mean, standard deviation, kurtosis and skewness. The paper is concluded with visual quality comparison of the input images and de-speckled images. © 2011 IEEE. Source

Murali Mohan S.,Directorate of Sorghum Research | Madhusudhana R.,Directorate of Sorghum Research | Mathur K.,MPUAT | Chakravarthi D.V.N.,Directorate of Sorghum Research | And 6 more authors.

Forage sorghum cultivars grown in India are susceptible to various foliar diseases, of which anthracnose, rust, zonate leaf spot, drechslera leaf blight and target leaf spot cause severe damage. We report here the quantitative trait loci (QTLs) conferring resistance to these foliar diseases. QTL analysis was undertaken using 168 F7 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) of a cross between a female parental line 296B (resistant) and a germplasm accession IS18551 (susceptible). RILs and parents were evaluated in replicated field trials in two environments. A total of twelve QTLs for five foliar diseases on three sorghum linkage groups (SBI-03, SBI-04 and SBI-06) were detected, accounting for 6.9-44.9% phenotypic variance. The morphological marker Plant color (Plcor) was associated with most of the QTL across years and locations. The QTL information generated in this study will aid in the transfer of foliar disease resistance into elite susceptible sorghum breeding lines through marker-assisted selection. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

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