MPI Molecular Genetics

Dahlem, Germany

MPI Molecular Genetics

Dahlem, Germany
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Louro B.,University of Algarve | Louro B.,Roslin Institute | Passos A.L.S.,University of Algarve | Souche E.L.,Charles University | And 14 more authors.
Marine Genomics | Year: 2010

The gilthead sea bream, Sparus auratus, and the European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, are two of the most important marine species cultivated in Southern Europe. This study aimed at increasing genomic resources for the two species and produced and annotated two sets of 30,000 expressed sequence tags (EST) each from 14 normalized tissue-specific cDNA libraries from sea bream and sea bass. Clustering and assembly of the ESTs formed 5268 contigs and 12,928 singletons for sea bream and 4573 contigs and 13,143 singletons for sea bass, representing 18,196 and 17,716 putative unigenes, respectively. Assuming a similar number of genes in sea bass, sea bream and in the model fish Gasterosteus aculeatus genomes, it was estimated that approximately two thirds of the sea bream and the sea bass transcriptomes were covered by the unigene collections. BLAST sequence similarity searches (using a cut off of e-value <10-5) against fully the curated SwissProt (and TrEMBL) databases produced matches of 28%(37%) and 43%(53%) of the sea bream and sea bass unigene datasets respectively, allowing some putative designation of function. A comparative approach is described using human Ensembl peptide ID homolog's for functional annotation, which increased the number of unigenes with GO terms assigned and resulted in more GO terms assigned per unigene. This allowed the identification of tissue-specific genes using enrichment analysis for GO pathways and protein domains. The comparative annotation approach represents a good strategy for transferring more relevant biological information from highly studied species to genomic resource poorer species. It was possible to confirm by interspecies mRNA-to-genomic alignments 25 and 21 alternative splice events in sea bream and sea bass genes, respectively. Even using normalized cDNA from relatively few pooled individuals it was possible to identify 1145 SNPs and 1748 microsatellites loci for genetic marker development. The EST data are being applied to a range of projects, including the development microarrays, genetic and radiation hybrid maps and QTL genome scans. This highlights the important role of ESTs for generating genetic and genomic resources of aquaculture species. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.


Finster K.W.,University of Aarhus | Kjeldsen K.U.,Center for Geomicrobiology | Kube M.,MPI Molecular Genetics | Reinhardt R.,MPI Molecular Genetics | And 3 more authors.
Standards in Genomic Sciences | Year: 2013

Desulfocapsa sulfexigens SB164P1 (DSM 10523) belongs to the deltaproteobacterial family Desulfobulbaceae and is one of two validly described members of its genus. This strain was selected for genome sequencing, because it is the first marine bacterium reported to thrive on the dispropor-tionation of elemental sulfur, a process with a unresolved enzymatic pathway in which elemental sulfur serves both as electron donor and electron acceptor. Furthermore, in contrast to its phylogenetically closest relatives, which are dissimilatory sulfate-reducers, D. sulfexigens is unable to grow by sulfate reduction and appears metabolically specialized in growing by disproportionating elemental sulfur, sulfite or thiosulfate with CO2 as the sole carbon source. The genome of D. sulfexigens contains the set of genes that is required for nitrogen fixation. In an acetylene assay it could be shown that the strain reduces acetylene to ethylene, which is indicative for N-fixation. The circular chromosome of D. sulfexigens SB164P1 comprises 3,986,761 bp and harbors 3,551 protein-coding genes of which 78% have a predicted function based on auto-annotation. The chromosome furthermore encodes 46 tRNA genes and 3 rRNA operons.


Louro B.,University of Algarve | Louro B.,Roslin Institute | Kuhl H.,MPI Molecular Genetics | Tine M.,Max Planck Institute For Pflanzenzuchtungsforschung Carl Von Linne Weg 10 | And 8 more authors.
Aquaculture | Year: 2016

The identification of genetic markers for traits of interest for aquaculture, such as growth, is an important step for the establishment of breeding programmes. As more genomic information becomes available the possibility of applying comparative genomics to identify and refine quantitative trait locus (QTLs) and potentially identify candidate genes responsible for the QTL effect may accelerate genetic improvement in established and new aquaculture species. Here we report such an approach on growth related traits in the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax), an important species for European aquaculture. A genetic map was generated with markers targeted to previously identified QTL for growth which reduced distance and improved resolution in these regions. A total of 36 significant QTLs were identified when morphometric traits were considered individually in maternal half sibs, paternal half sibs and sib-pair analysis. Twenty seven new markers targeted to the growth QTLs, obtained by comparative mapping, reduced the average distance between markers from 23.4, 9.1, and 5.8. cM in the previous map to 3.4, 2.2, and 5.2. cM, on linkage group (LG) LG4, LG6 and LG15 respectively. Lists of genes embedded in the QTL - 591 genes in LG4, 234 genes in LG6 and 450 genes in LG15 - were obtained from the European sea bass genome. Comparative mapping revealed conserved gene synteny across teleost fishes. Functional protein association network analysis with the gene products of the 3 linkage groups revealed a large global association network including 42 gene products. Strikingly the association network was populated with genes of known biological importance for growth and body weight in terrestrial farm animals, such as elements of the signaling pathways for Jak-STAT, MAPK, adipocytokine and insulin, growth hormone, IGFI and II. This study demonstrates the feasibility of a comparative genomics combined with functional gene annotation to refine the resolution of QTL and the establishment of hypothesis to accelerate discovery of putative responsible genes. Statement of relevance: This study demonstrates the feasibility of a comparative genomics approach, combined with functional annotation to refine the resolution of QTL and establishment of hypothesis to accelerate discovery of candidate genes. As production of genomic data is becoming more accessible, the implementation of this strategy will rapidly and efficiently provide the tools required for genetic selection in new candidate aquaculture species. © 2016 Elsevier B.V..

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