PubMed | 1 Movement Control and Neuroplasticity Research Group, Australian Catholic University, 4 Pulderbos Rehabilitation Center and 5 Leuven Research Institute for Neuroscience & Disease LIND
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of neurotrauma | Year: 2015
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can lead to deficits in gait and posture, which are often asymmetric. A possible factor mediating these deficits may be asymmetry in strength of the leg muscles. However, muscle strength in the lower extremities has rarely been investigated in (young) TBI patients. Here, we investigated associations between lower-extremity muscle weakness, strength asymmetry, and impairments in gait and posture in young TBI patients. A group of young patients with moderate-to-severe TBI (n=19; age, 14 years 11 months 2 years) and a group of typically developing subjects (n=31; age, 14 years 1 month3 years) participated in this study. A force platform was used to measure postural sway to quantify balance control during normal standing and during conditions of compromised visual and/or somatosensory feedback. Spatiotemporal gait parameters were assessed during comfortable and fast-speed walking, using an electronic walkway. Muscle strength in four lower-extremity muscle groups was measured bilaterally using a handheld dynamometer. Findings revealed that TBI patients had poorer postural balance scores across all sensory conditions, as compared to typically developing subjects. During comfortable and fast gait, TBI patients demonstrated a lower gait velocity, longer double-support phase, and increased step-length asymmetry. Further, TBI patients had a reduced strength of leg muscles and an increased strength asymmetry. Correlation analyses revealed that asymmetry in muscle strength was predictive of a poorer balance control and a more variable and asymmetric gait. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to measure strength asymmetry in leg muscles of a sample of TBI patients and illustrate the importance of muscular asymmetry as a potential marker and possible risk factor of impairments in control of posture and gait.
PubMed | 1 Movement Control and Neuroplasticity Research Group
Type: Comment | Journal: Perceptual and motor skills | Year: 2014
In a recent work on locomotor symmetry while walking on a split-belt treadmill, Lauzire and co-workers determined the perception threshold of gait symmetry in a sample of healthy elderly. In addition, they aimed to determine which particular gait parameters affect the symmetry of the perception threshold. Although only temporal and kinetic gait parameters were measured (and no kinematics), it was suggested that stance time symmetry is an important criterion that participants use to identify the threshold. Here it is argued that several other gait parameters could qualify equally well as main criteria used to identify the threshold and that these parameters should be taken into account in future studies.