The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai , formerly the Mount Sinai School of Medicine , is an American medical school in the New York City borough of Manhattan in the state of New York. Chartered by Mount Sinai Hospital in 1963, the ISMMS is one of the foremost medical schools in the United States, ranking 19th in research according to U.S. News & World Report, 18th in NIH funding among U.S Medical Schools , and 3rd in NIH funding per primary investigator.ISMMS and the Mount Sinai Hospital occupy a four-block area adjacent to Central Park on the Upper East Side of Manhattan, with architecture designed by I. M. Pei. ISMMS and Mount Sinai Hospital comprise the Mount Sinai Medical Center, of which Kenneth L. Davis, MD, is the president and CEO.In 2012–13, The Mount Sinai Medical Center was recognized on the U.S. News & World Report "Best Hospitals Honor Roll," ranking 14th among the approximately 5000 hospitals in the US with 11 nationally ranked specialties including cancer, geriatrics, gastroenterology, cardiology & heart surgery, otolaryngology, rehabilitation, diabetes & endocrinology, neurology & neurosurgery, gynecology, urology, and kidney disorders. Wikipedia.
Blander J.M.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Nature Reviews Immunology | Year: 2014
Historically, cell death and inflammation have been closely linked, but the necessary divergence of the fields in the past few decades has enriched our molecular understanding of the signalling pathways that mediate various programmes of cell death and multiple types of inflammatory responses. The fields have now come together again demonstrating a surprising level of integration. Intimate interconnections at multiple levels are revealed between the cell death and inflammatory signal transduction pathways that are mobilized in response to the engagement of pattern recognition receptors during microbial infection. Molecules such as receptor-interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1), RIPK3, FAS-associated death domain protein (FADD), FLICE-like inhibitory protein (FLIP) and caspase 8-which are associated with different forms of cell death-are incorporated into compatible and exceedingly dynamic Toll-like receptor, NOD-like receptor and RIG-I-like receptor signalling modules. These signalling modules have a high capacity to switch from inflammation to cell death, or a programmed execution of both, all in an orchestrated battle for host defence and survival. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Source
Lunnon K.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Nature neuroscience | Year: 2014
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by progressive neuropathology and cognitive decline. We performed a cross-tissue analysis of methylomic variation in AD using samples from four independent human post-mortem brain cohorts. We identified a differentially methylated region in the ankyrin 1 (ANK1) gene that was associated with neuropathology in the entorhinal cortex, a primary site of AD manifestation. This region was confirmed as being substantially hypermethylated in two other cortical regions (superior temporal gyrus and prefrontal cortex), but not in the cerebellum, a region largely protected from neurodegeneration in AD, or whole blood obtained pre-mortem from the same individuals. Neuropathology-associated ANK1 hypermethylation was subsequently confirmed in cortical samples from three independent brain cohorts. This study represents, to the best of our knowledge, the first epigenome-wide association study of AD employing a sequential replication design across multiple tissues and highlights the power of this approach for identifying methylomic variation associated with complex disease. Source
Manfredi J.J.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Genes and Development | Year: 2010
Mdm2 has been well characterized as a negative regulator of the tumor suppressor p53. Recent studies have shown that Mdm2 is activated in response to a variety of oncogenic pathways independent of p53. Although its role as an oncogene via suppression of p53 function remains clear, growing evidence argues for p53-independent effects, as well as the remarkable possibility that Mdm2 has tumor suppressor functions in the appropriate context. Hence, Mdm2 is proving to be a key player in human cancer in its own right, and thus an important target for therapeutic intervention. © 2010 by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Source
Montgomery G.H.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine
CA: a cancer journal for clinicians | Year: 2013
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE Hypnosis has been used to provide psychological and physical comfort to individuals diagnosed with cancer for nearly 200 years. The goals of this review are: 1) to describe hypnosis and its components and to dispel misconceptions; 2) to provide an overview of hypnosis as a cancer prevention and control technique (covering its use in weight management, smoking cessation, as an adjunct to diagnostic and treatment procedures, survivorship, and metastatic disease); and 3) to discuss future research directions. Overall, the literature supports the benefits of hypnosis for improving quality of life during the course of cancer and its treatment. However, a great deal more work needs to be done to explore the use of hypnosis in survivorship, to understand the mediators and moderators of hypnosis interventions, and to develop effective dissemination strategies. Copyright © 2012 American Cancer Society, Inc. Source
Mount Sinai School of Medicine | Date: 2015-06-26
The present invention provides cell populations that are enriched for mesendoderm and mesoderm, and cell populations that are enriched for endoderm. In accordance with the present invention, a selectable marker gene has been recombinantly targeted to the brachyury locus to allow the isolation and characterization of cell populations that comprise brachyury positive mesendoderm and mesoderm cells. The cell populations of the invention are useful for generating cells for cell replacement therapy.