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Sackville, Canada

Mount Allison University is a primarily undergraduate Canadian liberal arts and science university situated in Sackville, New Brunswick. It has been ranked number-one in the country for 18 of the last 24 years by Maclean's magazine and given top ratings in Maclean's annual alumni survey. With a 16:1 student-to-faculty ratio, the average first-year class size is 65 and upper-year classes average 14 students.Mount Allison University was the first university in the British Empire to award a baccalaureate to a woman . Mount Allison graduates have been awarded a total of 52 Rhodes Scholarships, the most per capita of any university in the Commonwealth. Mount Allison is the wealthiest university in Canada on an endowment per student basis. Wikipedia.

Ouellette G.,Mount Allison University
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology | Year: 2010

This study investigated the relevance of type of practice and presence of semantic representation for orthographic learning in learning to spell. A total of 36 students in Grade 2 (mean age = 7 years 10 months) were exposed to 10 novel nonwords, 5 of which were paired with semantic information. Half of the participants practiced reading these new items, whereas the others spelled them. The students were then tested 1 and 7 days later on a dictation task. Results revealed a significant main effect of practice type favoring spelling practice and a main effect of the teaching condition, where taught items paired with semantic information were spelled correctly more often than words presented without semantic support. There was no effect of testing time, with learned words being retained well over the 1-week delay, nor were there any significant interactions. The findings support the contention that spelling offers an excellent milieu for orthographic learning to occur. Furthermore, semantics are proposed as a relevant factor in learning to spell, supporting the view that orthographic learning involves the integration of phonological, orthographic, and semantic representations. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Campbell D.A.,Mount Allison University | Tyystjarvi E.,University of Turku
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics | Year: 2012

The photoinactivation (also termed photoinhibition or photodamage) of Photosystem II (PSII) and the counteracting repair reactions are fundamental elements of the metabolism and ecophysiology of oxygenic photoautotrophs. Differences in the quantification, parameterization and terminology of Photosystem II photoinactivation and repair can erect barriers to understanding, and particular parameterizations are sometimes incorrectly associated with particular mechanistic models. These issues lead to problems for ecophysiologists seeking robust methods to include photoinhibition in ecological models. We present a comparative analysis of terms and parameterizations applied to photoinactivation and repair of Photosystem II. In particular, we show that the target size and quantum yield approaches are interconvertible generalizations of the rate constant of photoinactivation across a range of incident light levels. Our particular emphasis is on phytoplankton, although we draw upon the literature from vascular plants. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Photosystem II. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Property rights are a central topic in conservation debates, but their influence on environmental outcomes is rarely carefully assessed. This study compared land use, tree planting practices and arboreal vegetation on government, estate private, smallholder private and communal "family" lands in Saint Lucia. The influence of tenure was apparent, but overall not a strong predictor of either farmer practices or vegetation characteristics. Higher abundance of planted trees on smallholder private lands was offset by greater abundance of natural forest trees on estate and family lands. Tree planting and abandonment of cultivation (with ensuing afforestation) were commonplace on all three types of land. The influence of tenure was swamped by other factors shaping farmer decisions to plant trees, cut trees or abandon cultivation, including local topography and changing commodity and labor markets. Findings from this study challenge the assumption that property rights necessarily determine resource and environmental outcomes. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Brlocher F.,Mount Allison University
Journal of the North American Benthological Society | Year: 2010

Research on aquatic hyphomycetes has been dominated by process-oriented approaches. The main objectives have been accurate estimates of fungal biomass and production and measuring fungal impact on plant litter decomposition. In some cases, these estimates have been complemented by community assessments based on spore counts. Many other ecological and evolutionary topics, commonly studied in macroorganisms, were largely inaccessible, in part because of the low morphological complexity of fungal structures and the near impossibility of identifying them in situ unless attached to propagules. Molecular methods rely on extraction, amplification (polymerase chain reaction) and characterization (denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis, digitized fluorescent restriction-fragment length polymorphism, sequencing) of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), which occurs in all cells regardless of their reproductive status. Molecular methods allow more comprehensive characterizations of fungal diversity and evolution. Enzymatic activities can be explored at the level of gene presence (DNA amplification and sequencing), gene transcription (reverse transcription of messenger ribonucleic acid mRNA), by quantifying the total amount of specified enzymes in a sample via global antibodies, or by estimating their effect on model compounds. Selected actual and potential applications of these techniques are reviewed. © 2010 The North American Benthological Society. Source

Gamtessa S.F.,Mount Allison University
Energy and Buildings | Year: 2013

In 1998 the Canadian government introduced the EnerGuide for Houses (EGH) program, essentially consisting of home energy audits with financial incentives provided to the homeowner upon verification that sufficient auditor-recommended upgrades were undertaken to achieve energy savings. In this study, we analyze the EGH data compiled between October 1998 and September 2005 to determine what types of households chose to participate and what appear to be the main factors underlying retrofit decisions. In the program, homeowners were prescribed specific upgrade types in the first audit. Hence, the decision problem involves whether to retrofit at all and how many of the prescribed upgrades to adopt. Moreover, the second audit that reveals this decision does not reflect the possibility that some homeowners might have undertaken the recommended upgrades but opted not to or have yet to undergo the second audit. We adopt an econometric technique that takes these features of the data into account. We find that energy cost savings, financial incentives, and costs of retrofits are important factors behind retrofit decisions given several other home- and household-specific characteristics. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

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