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Tizi Ouzou, Algeria

Djennoune S.,Mouloud Mammeri University | Bettayeb M.,University of Sharjah | Bettayeb M.,King Abdulaziz University

Nowadays, the control of fractional-order system is one of the most popular topics in control theory. Recent studies have demonstrated the interest of fractional calculus both for systems modeling in many areas of science and engineering and for robust controller design. Thus, several research contributions have been devoted to the extension of control theory to fractional-order systems. Synergetic control was introduced in power electronics and other industrial processes. The benefit of this control scheme has been recognized for both integer-order linear and nonlinear systems. In this paper, a fractional-order synergetic control for fractional-order systems is proposed. Both linear and nonlinear cases are considered. The macro-variable is defined by the fractional-order integral of state variables. Optimality and stability properties are analyzed. A numerical example is investigated to confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method. © 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Source

Djouadi Y.,Mouloud Mammeri University | Prade H.,University Paul Sabatier
Fuzzy Optimization and Decision Making

Formal concept analysis (FCA) associates a binary relation between a set of objects and a set of properties to a lattice of formal concepts defined through a Galois connection. This relation is called a formal context, and a formal concept is then defined by a pair made of a subset of objects and a subset of properties that are put in mutual correspondence by the connection. Several fuzzy logic approaches have been proposed for inducing fuzzy formal concepts from L-contexts based on antitone L-Galois connections. Besides, a possibility-theoretic reading of FCA which has been recently proposed allows us to consider four derivation powerset operators, namely sufficiency, possibility, necessity and dual sufficiency (rather than one in standard FCA). Classically, fuzzy FCA uses a residuated algebra for maintaining the closure property of the composition of sufficiency operators. In this paper, we enlarge this framework and provide sound minimal requirements of a fuzzy algebra w.r.t. the closure and opening properties of antitone L-Galois connections as well as the closure and opening properties of isotone L-Galois connections. We apply these results to particular compositions of the four derivation operators. We also give some noticeable properties which may be useful for building the corresponding associated lattices. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Meziane S.,Mouloud Mammeri University
Food Science and Technology International

A statistical methodology, combining Plackett-Burman design with Box-Behnken design, was applied to optimize the oil extraction process from olive pomace using hexane as solvent. Plackett-Burman design was used in the first step to evaluate the effects of five independent variables on the oil extraction yield. Temperature of extraction, time of contact, solvent-to-solids ratio and moisture content of the olive pomace were identified as significant independent variables and were further optimized by using response surface methodology based on Box-Behnken design. The optimized conditions to maximize the yield were as follows: extraction temperature at 33 °C, contact time at 10 min, solvent-to-solids ratio at 3.5 mL/g and moisture content at 13%. The experimental value of the yield (5.98%) at these optimum conditions was found in perfect agreement with the value predicted by model (5.80%). © The Author(s) 2012. Source

Guenin E.,University of Paris 13 | Meziane D.,Mouloud Mammeri University
Current Organic Chemistry

While microwave dielectric heating had been widely exploited in several organic chemistry areas to accelerate and improve reactions yields, it has not been often applied to phosphorus chemistry since the beginning of the 21st century. Recently, there has been an important increase in the number of reported uses of microwave in several fields of phosphorus chemistry. This review focuses on a literature survey of the uses of microwave "flash heating" in this chemistry area. Where possible, the relative advantages of this methodology will be compared to classical heating. © 2011 Bentham Science Publishers. Source

Nebbali R.,Mouloud Mammeri University | Roy J.C.,University of Franche Comte | Boulard T.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research
Renewable Energy

This article presents numerical simulations of the distribution of climate parameters within a ventilated tunnel tomato greenhouse during variable outside conditions. The simulations were performed using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code that solved the transport equations in a 3D domain, including the greenhouse and its crop stands, the surrounding ambient air and the soil located directly under the greenhouse. Radiative heat transfers were modeled using a bi-band discrete ordinates (DO) model, and the crop was considered to be a porous medium. Sensible and latent heat transfer between leaves and the surrounding air were determined based on the energy balance that included longwave and shortwave radiation fluxes in each crop control volume. The climatic boundary conditions were determined using experimental measurements, and the sun position was calculated for each time interval that was considered. The temperature distribution in the soil was determined based on a preliminary CFD determination of the conductive heat transfer in a 1D soil column. Simulations in the entire 3D domain were then performed, and 1h time step and boundary conditions were updated prior to each calculation procedure. Results are presented for the spring equinox and summer solstice. These results highlight the combined influence of sun position, wind direction and intensity on the greenhouse microclimate and especially on the evapotranspiration rate of the crop at the leaf level. We discuss the possibility of using CFD code integration as a conceptual tool for designers or in association with a control climate model for farmers. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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