Sobowale S.S.,Moshood Abiola Polytechnic |
Oke M.O.,Ladoke Akintola University of Technology |
Odunmbaku L.A.,Moshood Abiola Polytechnic |
Adebo O.A.,University of Johannesburg
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development | Year: 2017
Adsorption and desorption isotherms for Moringa oleifera leaves were investigated using concentrated H2SO4 solutions to vary the micro-climate over different temperatures (27, 32, 37°C) and water activity (aw) (0.1–0.8). Plots of equilibrium moisture content (EMC) against aw were used to generate isotherm curves, local isotherm (Li) concept and stability. The experimental data obtained were compared with four widely recommended models in the literature for food sorption isotherms [GAB, modified GAB (MGAB), modified Oswin (MOE) and OSWIN models]. Results obtained showed that the moisture sorption isotherms were sigmoidal in shape and were influenced by temperature. The four sorption models adequately predicted the adsorption and desorption isotherms for Moringa oleifera leaves at the evaluated temperatures, with R2 values between 0.980 and 0.998. The sequence in which the evaluated models effectively fitted the moisture sorption, were GAB, MGAB, MOE and OSWIN models, with GAB being the best. While the GAB model was most suitable for fitting the adsorption [Mean square error (MSE = 183.08), standard error of estimate (SEE = 549.24), R2 = 0.980)], MGAB was better for desorption isotherm [(MSE = 141.950), SSE = 425.86), R2 = 0.998] of Moringa oleifera leaves under practical storage temperature and water activity used in this study. © 2017 African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development
Olaleye O.T.,Moshood Abiola Polytechnic |
Olanitori L.M.,Federal University of Technology Akurre |
Aikulola O.A.,Federal Polytechnic
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology | Year: 2013
This research examines the comparative analysis of theoretical and practical collapse load of a square single panel space frame consisting of slab, beam and column. A reinforced concrete proto type of 3m×3m×3m space frame with a reduction factor of 3 was designed, a model of it constructed and casted with a micro concrete of 1:6 mix ratio. It was cured and crushed after 28 days strength. The micro concrete compressive strength was 7N/mm2 which satisfied average compressive strength of 1:2:4 reinforced micro-concrete. The theoretical collapse load was 21.44 kN. The model was put under load; at 18.3 kN an orthogonal yield line was observed at the slab soffit, as the load increases to 20.3kN cracks were noticeable at the beam/column joints. Further increase in load made the beam/column slab joint cracks much more pronounced. At constant load of 21.96 kN, without adding more load, the deflection on the dial gauge continued to rise, vibration of the structure occurred, until the structure finally collapse at that constant load (21.96 kN). Comparing the theoretical collapse load with the experimental collapse load, the later was 21.96 kN more than 21.44 kN estimated. It was observed that the beam/column joints failed due to shear not due to bending. © Maxwell Scientific Organization, 2013.
Sowunmi F.A.,Lagos State University |
Adesola M.A.,Moshood Abiola Polytechnic |
Salako M.A.,Moshood Abiola Polytechnic
International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology | Year: 2010
This article examines how an anti-graft body, the Economic and Financial Crime Commission (EFCC), has fared in reducing the incidence of corruption in Nigeria, in particular, bank fraud, Internet scam, and bad governance. It first discusses the corruption situation in Nigeria by highlighting public office holders who have been associated with corruption charges. A Likert-type scale is used in designing the questionnaire for data collection. Descriptive and chi-square analyses are used, and results reveal that the performance of the EFCC has been affected by government interference (p <.05). However, although the anti-graft body has not been able to reduce the incidence of bank fraud (p >.05), bad governance and advance fee fraud have recorded appreciable reduction (p <.05). Areas of success as well as challenges that need to be addressed are identified. Specifically, it is recommended that the bill that established EFCC should be amended to reduce government interference and improve its manpower development, especially in the areas of fraud and Internet scam detection. © 2010 SAGE Publications.
Otemuyiwa A.A.,Joseph Ayo Babalola University |
Akinyosoye A.O.,Moshood Abiola Polytechnic
International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature | Year: 2015
This study analyzed three of Niyi Osundare’s poems in the ‘Eye of the Earth’. We considered the syntactic patterns and semantic applications used in the selected poems to drive home the thematic pre-occupation of the poet. Hassan (1985) asserts that linguistic stylistics has its major purpose of relating language use in literary texts to its artistic function. The selected poems are Let Earth’s Pain Be Soothed, First Rain and Meet me at Okeruku. Linguistic Stylistic Analytical Framework is used for the analysis. Use of diction, meanings and figurative expressions of the poems were the focus. Result of the analysis revealed that to discuss the language of poetry is to reveal those stylistic features which conform to and deviate from the norms of the language of poetry. The analysis indicated that linguistic stylistics operates on some key concepts like deviation or foregrounding. © 2015, Australian International Academic Centre PTY LTD. All rights reserved.
Adepeju A.A.,Moshood Abiola Polytechnic |
Oluwole O.A.,Moshood Abiola Polytechnic
ICSDEC 2012: Developing the Frontier of Sustainable Design, Engineering, and Construction - Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Sustainable Design and Construction | Year: 2013
Streets are a major element of the built urban environment. They define the circulation pattern and the geometrical configuration of the city. They are often the beginning of neighbourhood interaction connecting individual dwelling units and serving as a 'stage' where people interact with bits of the total built environment. This paper analytically examines the state of the urban streetscapes of Abeokuta, Ogun State with the aim of identifying the poverty-environment nexus (as well as other dynamic factors) that precipitates their present condition and suggest solutions to their improvement. © 2013 American Society of Civil Engineers.
Oke M.O.,University of Nigeria |
Sobowale S.S.,Moshood Abiola Polytechnic |
Ogunlakin G.O.,University of Nigeria
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences | Year: 2013
The nutritional and anti-nutritional compositions of African Yam Bean (AYB) and Lima bean flours under different processing methods were determined. Nutritional and anti-nutritional properties studied include moisture content, crude protein, crude fibre, ash content, ether extract, carbohydrate, tannin, protease inhibitor and phytate. The moisture content of AYB flours ranged from 9.31 to 9.61 % while that of lima beans ranged from 9.32 to 9.56%. There is a significant different among the samples when the unprocessed AYB (control) and the processed AYB were compared. The same trend was also observed with lima bean flours. However, some nutrient did not show significant variations with processing. It was observed that samples of soaked/de-hulled AYB have the least protease inhibitor of 0.73 mg/100 g and it is significantly different from the unprocessed samples. Soaked/de-hulled flours of both AYB and lima beans have the most percentage decrease in anti-nutritional content. Lima bean flours were observed to have higher anti-nutritional content than AYB. The percentage decrease of anti-nutritional factors in the samples is proportionally higher than that of the nutrients. The nutritional and anti-nutritional compositions of the samples suggest that processed African Yam Bean (AYB) and Lima bean flours would have useful application in fabricated foods. © 2013 Asian Network for Scientific Information.
Babajide J.M.,Abeokuta Federal University of Agriculture |
Adeboye A.S.,Moshood Abiola Polytechnic |
Shittu T.A.,Abeokuta Federal University of Agriculture
International Food Research Journal | Year: 2014
Bread was produced from cassava-wheat (10:90) flour with sucrose sugar: honey at 0:100, 10:90, 20:80, 30:70, 40:60, and 50:50 and evaluated for rheological and physical properties. Water absorption (60.6-62.5%) and valorimeter score (46.9-52.0%) for dough samples were not significantly difference (P > 0.05) while 50:50 had the highest dough development time (2.5 min). Dough stability increased from 3.6 to 12.5 min at 30% honey inclusion. No significant difference (P > 0.05) in loaf weight (290.04-310.04 g) but volume (1188 - 1643 cm3) and specific volume (3.95-5.4 cm3g-1) varied significantly (P < 0.05) with 30:70 having the highest values. Bread crumb moisture (30.41-36.15%) and density (0.17-0.32 g/cm3) increased as honey inclusion increased. The L* (lightness) values for bread crust (39.18-45.25) and crumb (50.85-64.23) varied significantly (P < 0.05). Sucrose sugar substitution with honey in dough formulations did not adversely affect dough properties and 30% honey substitution gave better cassava-wheat composite bread. © 2008 IFRJ, Faculty of Food Science & Technology, UPM.
Musa A.I.,Moshood Abiola Polytechnic
International Journal of Industrial Engineering Computations | Year: 2011
This study was carried out on 621 schoolboys with age range of 12-17 years in Junior and Senior Secondary Schools in Odeda area of Odeda local government in Ogun State, Nigeria. Different anthropometric data were collected from these boys. It was observed from the results that all anthropometric dimensions of the school children increase with their age. Moreover, there exists a little difference between mean values of different anthropometric dimensions between the boys of 12-13 years (2.9% to 8.8%), 14-15 years (1.3% to 9.9%), and 16-17 years (1.4% to 5.5%). But the said differences become much higher (16.2% to 42.4%) when the same were compared between the children of 12 years and 17 years. Therefore, it can be said that the design of furniture for the children of 12 years will not match the children of 17 years. If single furniture is designed by considering dimensions of the children from 12 years to 17years, it will also not suit the children of all age groups. Therefore, in the present investigation, all the students have been divided into three combined age groups, e.g., 12-13 years, 14-15 years, and 16-17 years, and the percentile values (5th, 50th and 95th) of anthropometric measures, which will be helpful for designing of the classroom furniture. © 2011 Growing Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Ismaila S.O.,Abeokuta Federal University of Agriculture |
Musa A.I.,Moshood Abiola Polytechnic |
Adejuyigbe S.B.,Abeokuta Federal University of Agriculture |
Akinyemi O.D.,Abeokuta Federal University of Agriculture
Engineering Review | Year: 2013
Students sit for most of the time on school furniture in the classroom. However, the design of school furniture in Nigeria using the anthropometric data of the users has yet to be given adequate attention. This study was carried out to obtain anthropometric data of students in higher institutions of learning in Nigeria for the design of ergonomics chairs and tables for use by students in those institutions. Seven hundred and twenty (720) students in three selected institutions participated in the study. Various body dimensions (sitting elbow height, shoulder height, knee height, popliteal height, buttock-popliteal length, stature and body weight) of the students were measured using standard anthropometer and 5th, 50th, and 95th percentiles of the data obtained were computed using a SPSS 16.0 statistical package. The existing furniture dimensions in the selected institutions were also measured. Based on the obtained anthropometric data, this paper proposes furniture design dimensions for seat height, seat depth, seat width, backrest height (upper), armrest and desk height for students in the selected tertiary institutions. The present study may be a pointer to the effect that in the design of tables and chairs for use in higher institutions, the anthropometric data of the Nigerian students were not considered. It is hereby recommended that similar study should be carried out in other sections of the country.
PubMed | Moshood Abiola Polytechnic and University of Nigeria
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Pakistan journal of biological sciences : PJBS | Year: 2014
The nutritional and anti-nutritional compositions of African Yam Bean (AYB) and Lima bean flours under different processing methods were determined. Nutritional and anti-nutritional properties studied include moisture content, crude protein, crude fibre, ash content, ether extract, carbohydrate, tannin, protease inhibitor and phytate. The moisture content of AYB flours ranged from 9.31 to 9.61% while that of lima beans ranged from 9.32 to 9.56%. There is a significant different among the samples when the unprocessed AYB (control) and the processed AYB were compared. The same trend was also observed with lima bean flours. However, some nutrient did not show significant variations with processing. It was observed that samples of soaked/de-hulled AYB have the least protease inhibitor of 0.73 mg/100 g and it is significantly different from the unprocessed samples. Soaked/de-hulled flours of both AYB and lima beans have the most percentage decrease in anti-nutritional content. Lima bean flours were observed to have higher anti-nutritional content than AYB. The percentage decrease of anti-nutritional factors in the samples is proportionally higher than that of the nutrients. The nutritional and anti-nutritional compositions of the samples suggest that processed African Yam Bean (AYB) and Lima bean flours would have useful application in fabricated foods.