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Abeokuta, Nigeria

Oke M.O.,University of Nigeria | Sobowale S.S.,Moshood Abiola Polytechnic | Ogunlakin G.O.,University of Nigeria
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences | Year: 2013

The nutritional and anti-nutritional compositions of African Yam Bean (AYB) and Lima bean flours under different processing methods were determined. Nutritional and anti-nutritional properties studied include moisture content, crude protein, crude fibre, ash content, ether extract, carbohydrate, tannin, protease inhibitor and phytate. The moisture content of AYB flours ranged from 9.31 to 9.61 % while that of lima beans ranged from 9.32 to 9.56%. There is a significant different among the samples when the unprocessed AYB (control) and the processed AYB were compared. The same trend was also observed with lima bean flours. However, some nutrient did not show significant variations with processing. It was observed that samples of soaked/de-hulled AYB have the least protease inhibitor of 0.73 mg/100 g and it is significantly different from the unprocessed samples. Soaked/de-hulled flours of both AYB and lima beans have the most percentage decrease in anti-nutritional content. Lima bean flours were observed to have higher anti-nutritional content than AYB. The percentage decrease of anti-nutritional factors in the samples is proportionally higher than that of the nutrients. The nutritional and anti-nutritional compositions of the samples suggest that processed African Yam Bean (AYB) and Lima bean flours would have useful application in fabricated foods. © 2013 Asian Network for Scientific Information. Source

Nupo S.S.,Moshood Abiola Polytechnic | Oguntona C.R.B.,Abeokuta Federal University of Agriculture | Onabanjo O.O.,Abeokuta Federal University of Agriculture | Fakoya E.O.,Abeokuta Federal University of Agriculture
Nutrition and Food Science | Year: 2013

Purpose: The aim of the study is to assess the dietary diversity score (DDS) and nutritional status of women in the University of Agriculture extension village in rural areas of Ogun State, Nigeria. Design/methodology/approach: A representative sample of 204 women was surveyed from the rural villages in two seasons using simple random technique. A pretested interview guide was used to collect information on personal data, and socio demographic characteristics of the subjects. Information on dietary diversity was obtained using Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project questionnaire (FANTA). Body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR) and skin fold thickness were used in classifying obesity. Information on food intake was obtained from 24-hour dietary recall techniques. For each season, a DDS was computed and the nutritional status was assessed. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics; SPSS software package version 16.0. Findings: The socio economic characteristic revealed that more than half (53 percent) had no formal education, 59 percent were small scale farmers. The DDS increased from 3.55±7.6 to 3.93±4.3 between the two seasons. DDS within the various food groups showed that fruit group increased from 0.48±0.20 to 0.52.±0.10, vegetable group 0.60±0.30 to 0.66±0.30, and meat group 0.48±0.20 to 0.58±0.30 while cereals/grain groups and oil/dairies group decreased from 0.42±0.30 to 0.37, 0.11±0.30 to 0.09, respectively, between the two seasons. The nutrient content of the subjects was calculated from nutrient contents of foods obtained from food composition tables and compared to dietary reference intake (DRI). The results showed that the protein, energy and fat intakes of the subjects increased significantly during the rainy season (p<0.05). Two percent of the subjects gained weight, 4 percent had weight reduction from overweight and obese category. The result of the waist-hip ratio showed that 78 percent had normal waist-hip ratio, 14 percent had overweight, and 7 percent were obese. The dietary diversity score of the subjects was low. There is need for nutritional education in the villages. Originality/value: This may be the first research work to assess the dietary diversity score of rural women in Nigeria. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Source

Otemuyiwa A.A.,Joseph Ayo Babalola University | Akinyosoye A.O.,Moshood Abiola Polytechnic
International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature | Year: 2015

This study analyzed three of Niyi Osundare’s poems in the ‘Eye of the Earth’. We considered the syntactic patterns and semantic applications used in the selected poems to drive home the thematic pre-occupation of the poet. Hassan (1985) asserts that linguistic stylistics has its major purpose of relating language use in literary texts to its artistic function. The selected poems are Let Earth’s Pain Be Soothed, First Rain and Meet me at Okeruku. Linguistic Stylistic Analytical Framework is used for the analysis. Use of diction, meanings and figurative expressions of the poems were the focus. Result of the analysis revealed that to discuss the language of poetry is to reveal those stylistic features which conform to and deviate from the norms of the language of poetry. The analysis indicated that linguistic stylistics operates on some key concepts like deviation or foregrounding. © 2015, Australian International Academic Centre PTY LTD. All rights reserved. Source

Olaleye O.T.,Moshood Abiola Polytechnic | Olanitori L.M.,Federal University of Technology Akurre | Aikulola O.A.,Federal Polytechnic
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology | Year: 2013

This research examines the comparative analysis of theoretical and practical collapse load of a square single panel space frame consisting of slab, beam and column. A reinforced concrete proto type of 3m×3m×3m space frame with a reduction factor of 3 was designed, a model of it constructed and casted with a micro concrete of 1:6 mix ratio. It was cured and crushed after 28 days strength. The micro concrete compressive strength was 7N/mm2 which satisfied average compressive strength of 1:2:4 reinforced micro-concrete. The theoretical collapse load was 21.44 kN. The model was put under load; at 18.3 kN an orthogonal yield line was observed at the slab soffit, as the load increases to 20.3kN cracks were noticeable at the beam/column joints. Further increase in load made the beam/column slab joint cracks much more pronounced. At constant load of 21.96 kN, without adding more load, the deflection on the dial gauge continued to rise, vibration of the structure occurred, until the structure finally collapse at that constant load (21.96 kN). Comparing the theoretical collapse load with the experimental collapse load, the later was 21.96 kN more than 21.44 kN estimated. It was observed that the beam/column joints failed due to shear not due to bending. © Maxwell Scientific Organization, 2013. Source

Babajide J.M.,Abeokuta Federal University of Agriculture | Adeboye A.S.,Moshood Abiola Polytechnic | Shittu T.A.,Abeokuta Federal University of Agriculture
International Food Research Journal | Year: 2014

Bread was produced from cassava-wheat (10:90) flour with sucrose sugar: honey at 0:100, 10:90, 20:80, 30:70, 40:60, and 50:50 and evaluated for rheological and physical properties. Water absorption (60.6-62.5%) and valorimeter score (46.9-52.0%) for dough samples were not significantly difference (P > 0.05) while 50:50 had the highest dough development time (2.5 min). Dough stability increased from 3.6 to 12.5 min at 30% honey inclusion. No significant difference (P > 0.05) in loaf weight (290.04-310.04 g) but volume (1188 - 1643 cm3) and specific volume (3.95-5.4 cm3g-1) varied significantly (P < 0.05) with 30:70 having the highest values. Bread crumb moisture (30.41-36.15%) and density (0.17-0.32 g/cm3) increased as honey inclusion increased. The L* (lightness) values for bread crust (39.18-45.25) and crumb (50.85-64.23) varied significantly (P < 0.05). Sucrose sugar substitution with honey in dough formulations did not adversely affect dough properties and 30% honey substitution gave better cassava-wheat composite bread. © 2008 IFRJ, Faculty of Food Science & Technology, UPM. Source

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