Moscow, Russia

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology ), abbreviated MIPT, MIPT or informally Phystech is a leading Russian university, originally established in the Soviet Union. It prepares specialists in theoretical and applied physics, applied mathematics, and related disciplines. It is sometimes referred to as "the Russian MIT."MIPT is famous in the countries of the former Soviet Union, but is less known abroad. This is largely due to the specifics of the MIPT educational process . University rankings such as The Times Higher Education Supplement are based primarily on publications and citations. With its emphasis on embedding research in the educational process, MIPT "outsources" education and research beyond the first two or three years of study to institutions of the Russian Academy of science. MIPT's own faculty is relatively small, and many of its distinguished lecturers are visiting professors from those institutions. Student research is typically performed outside of MIPT, and research papers do not identify the authors as MIPT students. This effectively hides MIPT from the academic radar, an effect not unwelcome during the Cold War era when leading scientists and engineers of the Soviet arms and space programs studied there.The word "phystech," without the capital P, is also used in Russian to refer to Phystech students and graduates.The main MIPT campus is located in Dolgoprudny, a northern suburb of Moscow. However the Aeromechanics Department is based in Zhukovsky, a suburb south-east of Moscow. Wikipedia.

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Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2013.8-1. | Award Amount: 3.21M | Year: 2013

BUTERFLI is a project in response to the invitation to tender from European Commission FP7 within Call FP7-AAT-2013 RTD-Russia. BUTERFLI is the acronym of BUffet and Transition delay control investigated within Europe-Russia cooperation for improved FLIght performances. The Project Topic will focus on experimental and numerical flow control investigations of different phenomena: the buffet on a laminar airfoil, the buffet on a turbulent supercritical airfoil, and the cross-flow instabilities on a swept wing. Different control techniques will be studied: bump design, fluidic control devices, and DBD devices. The Project aims at the improvement of aircraft flight performances. This Project will be carried out in the framework of a EUROPE RUSSIA cooperation. ONERA is the coordinator, and TSAGI will act as Coordinator of the Russian Parties. There are 12 partners, 7 from Europe and 5 from Russia. ONERA (F), IAG-Stuttgart (G), DLR (G), KTH (S), University of Nottingham (UK), EADS UK Ltd. (UK), TsAGI (Russia), MIPT (Russia), JIHT (Russia), ITAM (Russia), Sukhoi Civil Aircraft (Russia), and Erdyn (F). BUTERFLI is splitted into four work packages: WP1 is dedicated to buffet control on 2D turbulent supercritical wing (tangential jet blowing and plasma actuators) WP2 is dedicated to buffet control on 2D laminar wing (bump and perforation blowing) WP3 is dedicated to crossflow instabilities control on swept wing WP4 ensures the scientific coordination of the overall project, and will proposes final roadmaps for the future.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2013.8-1. | Award Amount: 3.42M | Year: 2013

The PoLaRBEAR (Production and Analysis Evolution For Lattice Related Barrel Elements Under Operations With Advanced Robustness) project focuses on reliable novel composite aircraft structures based on geodesic technology aiming at a significant higher Robustness and Technology Readiness Level (TRL). While the global structural behavior of composite geodesic structures is investigated and understood in a top-down approach in EU-ALaSCA, PoLaRBEAR will follow up in a bottom-up approach on local level analyzing the geodesic structures in terms of in-operation demands for higher TRL. The main objectives of this research proposal are: Industrial highly automated process for cost efficient barrel manufacturing Advanced reliability of geodesic structures under operational loads Design rules for robust grid structures The aim is to promote a competent cooperation in the development of light, low-cost airframe fuselage structures made with a new generation of composite materials and based on geodesic / iso-grid technologies under operations. The proposal will enhance the cooperation in research and in innovation between the European Union and the Russian Federation in the field of civil transport aircraft.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2013.8-1. | Award Amount: 3.50M | Year: 2013

The purpose of COBRA is to use technology breakthroughs to overcome the insufficient noise performance of the counter-rotating fan tested in VITAL FP6 Program. This will be achieved through exploring higher by-pass ratio (15-25) resulting in much lower blade tip speed and blades count. The designs shall comply also with higher or equal aerodynamic efficiency compare to the VITAL ouputs. COBRA is structured to benefit from the existing skills of both EU and Russian partners. It results in multidisciplinary design conception/optimization of the Ultra High Bypass-Ratio (UHBR) Counter Rotating Turbo Fan architecture. COBRA is an ambitious project that aims at meeting the ACARE environmentally objectives, where strong improvements on new engine architecture is required. Based on the current state of the art, and on the complementary skills we gather in COBRA, on the actions planned in the project, the 9 partners take on ambitious and measurable objectives: to reduce noise by 9 EPNdB per operation vs. year 2000 in service engine with the same efficiency improvement as the one achieved in VITAL for lower BPR (~2 / 2.5 points) vs. year 2000 single fan state of the art. The COBRA consortium has been chosen to provide a multidisciplinary expertise, coming from different backgrounds from Europe and Russia Federation: industrial entities, research centers, university and SME. Coordinated by ONERA for the EU side and CIAM for the Russian side, COBRAs consortium is largely built with former partners from the VITAL WP2.4 project. Following the success of this project, a natural cooperation has been created between partners and consolidated within DREAM FP6 Programme. COBRA leans on a very dynamic consortium, with partners that know each other and therefore shall lead to a reinforced cooperation between European and Russian scientists from different disciplines.

Pattni B.S.,Northeastern University | Chupin V.V.,Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology | Torchilin V.P.,Northeastern University | Torchilin V.P.,King Abdulaziz University
Chemical Reviews | Year: 2015

A comprehensive insight into the liposome technology is reviewed with recent advances in the liposome formulations and their applications in medicine. The liposomes are often composed of exotic materials ranging from phospholipids, small molecule drugs, nucleic acids, to large molecule proteins and peptides. It becomes necessary for the applicant to conduct stability and toxicology studies of each component including the liposome carrier individually and in combination with the other components. Liposomes can act as immunostimulant adjuvants when incorporated with specific lipids or molecules such as phosphatidylserine, DOTAP, fatty acids, and monophosphoryl lipid A. Epaxal and Inflexal V are clinically approved liposome-based vaccine products, classified as virosomes. Both of the vaccines are well-tolerated, safe, and generate effective immune responses. Liposomes can be used in different analytical techniques, particularly liquid chromatography, immunoassays, and as biosensors. Immobilized liposome chromatography involves liposomes conjugated to gel beads (stationary phase) and can be considered for several applications such as drug partitioning, protein separation, or even the effect of the drugs on the membrane. The liposomes also have some manufacturing-related issues like batch to batch reproducibility, low drug entrapment, effective sterilization methods, stability problems, and, most importantly, scale-up problems.

Starikovskiy A.,Princeton University | Aleksandrov N.,Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
Progress in Energy and Combustion Science | Year: 2013

The use of a thermal equilibrium plasma for combustion control dates back more than a hundred years to the advent of internal combustion (IC) engines and spark ignition systems. The same principles are still applied today to achieve high efficiency in various applications. Recently, the potential use of nonequilibrium plasma for ignition and combustion control has garnered increasing interest due to the possibility of plasma-assisted approaches for ignition and flame stabilization. During the past decade, significant progress has been made toward understanding the mechanisms of plasma-chemistry interactions, energy redistribution and the nonequilibrium initiation of combustion. In addition, a wide variety of fuels have been examined using various types of discharge plasmas. Plasma application has been shown to provide additional combustion control, which is necessary for ultra-lean flames, high-speed flows, cold low-pressure conditions of high-altitude gas turbine engine (GTE) relight, detonation initiation in pulsed detonation engines (PDE) and distributed ignition control in homogeneous charge-compression ignition (HCCI) engines, among others. The present paper describes the current understanding of the nonequilibrium excitation of combustible mixtures by electrical discharges and plasma-assisted ignition and combustion. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology | Date: 2014-02-26

The device comprises continuous cylindrical separating pipes consisting of at least two alternating stages of pipes of small and large radius connected in succession. One end of the pipes constitutes a hot zone and the opposite end constitutes a cold zone. The pump is made up of alternating straight pipes with a large radius (R) and U-shaped curved pipes with a small radius (r). The following measurement ratios are selected for optimum performance: the relationship of the large radius (R) of a straight pipe to the small radius (r) of a U-shaped pipe is in a range of R/r = 2 - 10000, while the relationship of the temperature (T2) of a hot zone to the temperature (T1) of a cold zone is T2/T1 = 1.1 - 3.0. The length and radius measurements of a straight pipe and a U-shaped pipe are selected to ensure a given change in temperature of the gas from the temperature of the hot zone to the temperature of the cold zone.

Veselago V.G.,Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
Physics-Uspekhi | Year: 2011

The scientific session, titled 'Electromagnetic and acoustic waves in metamaterials and structures', of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) was held on February 24, 2011. A metamaterial is an artificial composite crystal made of macroscopic structural elements immersed in a homogeneous medium weakly absorbing electromagnetic radiation. Among other things, the reason for the interest in metamaterials is that their dielectric permittivity, magnetic permeability, and refractive index can be varied over sufficiently wide ranges by varying the size, shape, and concentration of their constituent macroscopic elements. In the pioneering work by Pendry, it was shown that using a flat lens made of n = -1 metamaterial, super-resolution imaging can be achieved, which is impossible in the limit of a geometric optic. Another major possibility that arose with the advent of metamaterials is that of creating an invisibility cloak, a metamaterial coating that makes the coated region invisible.

Fedyanin D.Y.,Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
Optics Letters | Year: 2012

The use of surface plasmon polariton (SPP)-based waveguides can significantly reduce the size of optical interconnects, but the propagation length of SPPs is limited by Joule heating losses and does not exceed a few micrometers. In this paper, we present an SPP amplification scheme that utilizes compact electrical pumping and gives a possibility for designing really compact on-chip waveguides. Moreover, we demonstrate here numerically that this approach can be easily used to design an electrically pumped cw or pulsed spaser. © 2012 Optical Society of America.

Rozhkov A.V.,Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2014

It is well known that, generically, one-dimensional interacting fermions cannot be described in terms of a Fermi liquid. Instead, they present a different phenomenology, that of a Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid: the Landau quasiparticles are ill defined, and the fermion occupation number is continuous at the Fermi energy. We demonstrate that suitable fine tuning of the interaction between fermions can stabilize a peculiar state of one-dimensional matter, which is dissimilar to both Tomonaga-Luttinger and Fermi liquids. We propose to call this state a quasi-Fermi liquid. Technically speaking, such a liquid exists only when the fermion interaction is irrelevant (in the renormalization group sense). The quasi-Fermi liquid exhibits the properties of both a Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid and a Fermi liquid. Similar to a Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid, no finite-momentum quasiparticles are supported by the quasi-Fermi liquid; on the other hand, its fermion occupation number demonstrates a finite discontinuity at the Fermi energy, which is a hallmark feature of a Fermi liquid. A possible realization of the quasi-Fermi liquid with the help of cold atoms in an optical trap is discussed. © 2014 American Physical Society.

Fedorov A.,Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics | Year: 2011

This article reviews stability and laminar-turbulent transition in high-speed boundary-layer flows, emphasizing qualitative features of the disturbance spectrum leading to new mechanisms of receptivity and instability. It is shown that the extension of subsonic and low-supersonic stability concepts and transition prediction methods to hypersonic speeds is not straightforward. The discussion focuses on theoretical models providing insights into the physics of instability and helping make proper decisions on transition control strategies. © 2011 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.

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