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Morningside, IA, United States

Morningside College is a private, liberal arts college affiliated with the United Methodist Church located in Sioux City, Iowa. Founded in 1894 by the Methodist Episcopal Church, Morningside College is a private, four-year, co-educational liberal arts institution. Morningside has 21 buildings on a 68-acre campus in Sioux City . The Morningside Historic District, which includes Grace United Methodist Church and most of the campus, is on the National Register of Historic Places. Wikipedia.

Lapaglia J.A.,Morningside College | Chan J.C.K.,Iowa State University
Behavioral Sciences and the Law

A number of recent studies have found that recalling details of an event following its occurrence can increase people's suggestibility to later presented misinformation. However, several other studies have reported the opposite result, whereby earlier retrieval can reduce subsequent eyewitness suggestibility. In the present study, we investigated whether differences in the way misinformation is presented can modulate the effects of testing on suggestibility. Participants watched a video of a robbery and some were questioned about the event immediately afterwards. Later, participants were exposed to misinformation in a narrative (Experiment 1) or in questions (Experiment 2). Consistent with previous studies, we found that testing increased suggestibility when misinformation was presented via a narrative. Remarkably, when misinformation was presented in questions, testing decreased suggestibility. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

McFarland B.,Morningside College | Pojman J.A.,Louisiana State University
Journal of Applied Polymer Science

Microencapsulation of a material is often used when a controlled release of a substance is desired. This study examines the effects of crosslinking in polyurea microcapsule shells on stability of microcapsules containing the free-radical initiator cumene hydroperoxide (CHP). Crosslinking of polyurea shells was varied by using amine monomers containing different amine functionalities, and/or changing the isocyanate/primary amine ratio. Thermogravimetric analysis was performed to determine thermal properties of these microcapsules, and the pot lives of monomer systems containing these microcapsules were measured. Thermal stability is greater with a moderate degree of crosslinking from a trifunctional amine, and decreases when crosslinking is increased through use of higher amine functionality. Stability in monomer media generally increases with increased crosslinking through higher amine functionality, but is less predictable due to crosslinks formed between capsules. Generally, increasing crosslinking through altering the isocyanate to primary amine ratio decreases capsule stability in both dry and monomer storage. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Singh R.,Iowa State University | Sanchez O.,Morningside College | Ghosh S.,McMaster University | Kadimcherla N.,Iowa State University | And 2 more authors.
Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics

We examine the dependence of the viscosity of nanofluids, comprised of magnetite nanoparticles dispersed in toluene, on particle concentration and temperature. The nanofluid viscosity increases monotonically with particle concentration. We show that although the nanoparticles aggregate to form clusters with increasing concentration, the cluster size is fairly monodisperse and hence the viscosity can be expressed as a function of only the particle concentration. The viscosity of the nanofluid is found to decrease with temperature, similarly to the characteristics of the carrier liquid. We describe these dependencies through an empirical correlation, since the observations are useful to employ such nanofluids in engineering applications. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Withers J.L.,Purdue University | Withers J.L.,U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service | Sesterhenn T.M.,Purdue University | Sesterhenn T.M.,Morningside College | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Great Lakes Research

Transition from endogenous to exogenous feeding is thought to be a critical period for many fish larvae, when prey availability (type, size, and density) and ambient physical conditions (e.g., temperature, water clarity) can strongly influence survival. In Lake Michigan, two important fish species, yellow perch (. Perca flavescens) and alewife (. Alosa pseudoharengus), hatch and, presumably, begin exogenously feeding in the nearshore zone, an area characterized by short-term variation in environmental conditions. During 2010-2011, we examined environmental conditions and spatial and temporal distributions of larval yellow perch, larval alewife, and their potential prey in a nearshore region of southeastern Lake Michigan. To consider implications of environmental conditions on larval fish habitat quality, we quantified diet contents of young larval yellow perch and alewife and modeled bioenergetic growth rate potential (an index of habitat quality) under observed and predicted prey consumption scenarios. As expected, in this dynamic nearshore zone temperatures, light levels, zooplankton prey availability, and resulting growth rate potential were highly variable. Many larval fish digestive tracts were empty, suggesting that starvation may affect cohort survival. Among early-feeding larval fish, relatively small diet items were common, with larval alewives consuming diatoms and larval yellow perch consuming veligers of invasive dreissenid mussels. Though the mechanisms underlying such prey consumption and the consequences of ingesting these prey items remain largely unexplored, our results suggest dreissenid mussel veligers present early-feeding larvae with a relatively abundant prey source that may partially offset the apparent low consumption of other prey sources within Lake Michigan's nearshore region. © 2015 . Source

Thomas A.S.,University of Iowa | Thomas A.S.,Morningside College | Mao S.,University of Iowa | Elcock A.H.,University of Iowa
Biophysical Journal

The bacterial chaperone trigger factor (TF) is the first chaperone to be encountered by a nascent protein chain as it emerges from the ribosome exit tunnel. Experimental results suggest that TF possesses considerable conformational flexibility, and in an attempt to provide an atomic-level view of this flexibility, we have performed independent 1.5-μs molecular dynamics simulations of TF in explicit solvent using two different simulation force fields (OPLS-AA/L and AMBER ff99SB-ILDN). Both simulations indicate that TF possesses tremendous flexibility, with huge excursions from the crystallographic conformation caused by reorientations of the protein's constituent domains; both simulations also predict the formation of extensive contacts between TF's PPIase domain and the Arm 1 domain that is involved in nascent-chain binding. In the OPLS simulation, however, TF rapidly settles into a very compact conformation that persists for at least 1 μs, whereas in the AMBER simulation, it remains highly dynamic; additional simulations in which the two force fields were swapped suggest that these differences are at least partly attributable to sampling issues. The simulation results provide potential rationalizations of a number of experimental observations regarding TF's conformational behavior and have implications for using simulations to model TF's function on translating ribosomes. © 2013 Biophysical Society. Source

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