Morningside, IA, United States
Morningside, IA, United States

Morningside College is a private, liberal arts college affiliated with the United Methodist Church located in Sioux City, Iowa. Founded in 1894 by the Methodist Episcopal Church, Morningside College is a private, four-year, co-educational liberal arts institution. Morningside has 21 buildings on a 68-acre campus in Sioux City . The Morningside Historic District, which includes Grace United Methodist Church and most of the campus, is on the National Register of Historic Places. Wikipedia.

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McFarland B.,Morningside College | Sea M.,Morningside College
Journal of Polymers and the Environment | Year: 2017

The focus of this research was to investigate possible applications of crosslinked polymers that could be prepared through free-radical polymerization of protic ionic liquid monomers. These monomers were synthesized through reactions of selected Bronsted acids and bases, and then polymerized with and without the aid of a free-radical initiator. It was discovered that these polymers had potential applications as adhesives, and bond strengths of various formulations were tested and compared with commercially available adhesives. Additionally, potential environmental toxicity of these polymers was investigated by performing zone of inhibition testing with select bacteria. It was determined that several of these polymers have comparable or superior bond strengths to other common adhesives, although monomer type and initiator concentration can impact these strengths. Toxicity was also dependent on these factors, with some formulations showing high toxicity and others showing few toxic effects. © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media New York

News Article | May 13, 2017

The Trump administration is planning to nominate Sam Clovis — the Department of Agriculture’s senior White House adviser — as head of USDA’s Research, Education and Economics division, according to individuals briefed on the decision. The move would mark a break with recent Republican and Democratic administrations alike, which have previously reserved the high-level position for scientists with expertise in agricultural research. Clovis — a former economics professor and talk radio host in Iowa who served as one of the Trump campaign’s first policy advisers — has bachelor’s degrees in political science and government, a master’s in business administration and a doctoral degree in public administration, according to his LinkedIn page. In other public biographies he’s emphasized his 25-year stint in the Air Force and expertise in national security and foreign policy. As Agriculture’s White House senior adviser, Clovis has played a key role in the department since President Trump took office. He helped run USDA during the time before Secretary Sonny Perdue took office, and he signed off on directives such as one employees received just after Inauguration Day that instructed them to clear any public communications in advance with the secretary’s office. The job he’s now under consideration for, Agriculture’s undersecretary of research, education and economics, ranks as a top-level science position that oversees the department’s extensive scientific mission. The department’s chief scientist also oversees Agriculture’s economic bureaus, including the Natural Agricultural Statistics Service and the Economic Research Service. Clovis’s expertise appears most closely related to these bureaus. [Senior White House advisers are Trump’s eyes and ears in federal agencies] The possible appointment of Clovis was first suggested Friday by Agri-Pulse. An Agriculture spokesman did not respond to a request for comment on Saturday. Reached by phone, Clovis said, “I can’t speak to the press.” Congress established the post in the 1994 Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act, and during the past two presidential administrations, it has been occupied by scientists and public health professionals. The position’s description was updated in the 2008 farm bill to clarify that the undersecretary will also hold the title of the department’s chief scientist, and that the position “shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from among distinguished scientists with specialized training or significant experience in agricultural research, education, and economics.” In 2001, then-President George W. Bush appointed to the post Joseph Jen, a comparative biochemistry PhD who had previously headed the University of Georgia’s Division of Food Science and Technology and served as the dean of the College of Agriculture at California Polytechnic State University in San Luis Obispo. Bush later nominated Gale Buchanan, a plant physiologist, to the post in 2006. When Barack Obama took office he tapped Rajiv Shah, who holds both a medical degree and a master of science in health economics from the University of Pennsylvania, for the post. Catherine Woteki, who earned her doctorate from Virginia Tech and held senior positions at USDA, Health and Human Services and the White House Office of Science and Technology, served as Agriculture’s chief scientist from Sept. 16, 2010 until Jan. 20, 2017. A food nutrition expert, Woteki served as Iowa State University’s dean of agriculture for five years between Bill Clinton’s and Obama’s time in office. The current acting undersecretary, Ann Bartuska, is described as an ecosystem ecologist who’s served on multiple scientific councils and panels, including the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Ricardo Salvador, director of the Food and Environment Program at the Union of Concerned Scientists, criticized the prospect of Clovis’s selection. “If the president goes forward with this nomination, it’ll be yet another example of blatant dismissal of the value of scientific expertise among his administration appointees,” Salvador said in a statement. “Continuing to choose politics over science will give farmers and consumers little confidence that the administration has their interests at heart.” Woteki said in an interview with ProPublica on Friday that since the position serves as the agency’s chief scientist, the occupant “should be a person who evaluates the scientific body of evidence and moves appropriately from there.” In the past, Clovis has challenged the scientific consensus that human activity is the primary driver of climate change over the last 50 years. In a 2014 interview with Iowa Public Radio, Clovis suggested that “a lot of the science is junk science. It’s not proven; I don’t think there’s any substantive information available to me that doesn’t raise as many questions as it does answers. So I’m a skeptic.” In the same radio interview, Clovis said, “I have enough of a science background to know when I’m being boofed,” though he did not detail any past research experience involving the hard sciences. As the undersecretary, issues related to climate change would fall under Clovis’s purview. A 2010 Agriculture Department report, “A Roadmap for USDA Science,” states that “agricultural and forestry ecosystems are climate dependent and could be affected in myriad ways by a changing climate” and suggests that the agency “anticipate and accommodate climate change effects such that agriculture, forestry, and U.S. producers realize net benefits.” While Clovis does not appear to have conducted extensive research in the hard sciences, he is a veteran Republican Party activist who joined Trump’s presidential campaign. In addition to working as a talk radio host, he served as a professor of economics at Morningside College in Sioux City, Iowa, and made an unsuccessful run for the U.S. Senate in 2014. During that Senate run, Clovis described his credentials for running in an Iowa Public Radio interview: “25 years in the military, and the various jobs and opportunities I had while serving the nation, my experience as a business man, and my academic preparation … my experience in a variety of other fields, including homeland security, foreign policy, national security policy, creating jobs and all those things.” In 2015, Clovis took a leave of absence from his position at Morningside College to join the Trump campaign as a chief policy adviser. In this position, he inspired controversy among the college’s administration with his role in developing a Trump campaign proposal that would ban Muslims from entering the United States, a university spokesman told the outlet Iowa Starting Line. “This is not the Sam Clovis that we knew when he was here. Sam was a staunch defender of the Constitution and a strong advocate for religious freedom,” said university spokesman Rick Wollman. “If he played a role in drafting or advising the Trump campaign on this issue, we will be outraged and extremely disappointed in Dr. Clovis.”

News Article | May 15, 2017

"Sam Clovis likely to be named undersecretary of the USDA department that manages research on everything from climate change to nutrition." "The USDA’s research section studies everything from climate change to nutrition. Under the 2008 Farm Bill, its leader is supposed to serve as the agency’s 'chief scientist' and be chosen 'from among distinguished scientists with specialized or significant experience in agricultural research, education, and economics.' But Sam Clovis — who, according to sources with knowledge of the appointment and members of the agriculture trade press, is President Trump’s pick to oversee the section — appears to have no such credentials. Clovis has never taken a graduate course in science and is openly skeptical of climate change. While he has a doctorate in public administration and was a tenured professor of business and public policy at Morningside College for 10 years, he has published almost no academic work. Clovis is better known for hosting a conservative talk radio show in his native Iowa and, after mounting an unsuccessful run for Senate in 2014, becoming a fiery pro-Trump advocate on television."

Garcia J.,École de Technologie Supérieure of Montreal | Coste A.,École de Technologie Supérieure of Montreal | Tavares W.,Morningside College | Tavares W.,University of Sfax | And 2 more authors.
British Journal of Anaesthesia | Year: 2015

Background Clinicians performing orotracheal intubation need to be competent to perform this technical skill safely. It is recognized that aggressive force applied during direct laryngoscopy may damage the oropharyngeal soft tissue; however, force is seldom considered in assessment of competency. The objective of this study was to explore the force applied during orotracheal intubation as a method of further discriminating between levels of competence. We sought evidence of construct validity in the form of discriminant, criterion, and concurrent validity. We hypothesized that the force generated during simulated intubation could serve to discriminate skill level among clinicians. Methods A convenience sample of 35 health-care professionals filled a self-reported questionnaire and were then divided into the following three groups: Group 1, experts (n=16); Group 2, intermediates (n=7); and Group 3, novices (n=12). They then intubated a part-task trainer (Laerdal Airway Management Trainer) after reviewing a procedural video and engaging in one practice session. Intubations were recorded. Outcome measures were as follows: (i) force applied to the epiglottis, calculated (in newtons) using two superimposed pressure-sensitive films (Prescale; Fujifilm, Madison, WI, USA) on the laryngoscope blade; (ii) number of attempts required to achieve successful intubation; (iii) time to intubation; and (iv) hand position. Results Of the four outcome measures, only force applied during orotracheal intubation was able to discriminate between groups. All data are reported as the mean (sd). There was a significant difference in force between groups during orotracheal intubation [one-way anova; experts, 102 (25) N; intermediates, 134 (28) N; and novices, 153 (43) N], with a significant difference (P<0.05) noted between novice and experts on post hoc analysis. Conclusions Force exerted during intubation provides meaningful information when attempting to discriminate intubation skill level. Force demonstrated criterion validity and could be used as a measure of competency during training. © 2015 The Author.

Kildow B.J.,University of Nebraska at Omaha | Conradie J.P.,Morningside College | Robson R.L.,Morningside College
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2012

The right and left nares of healthy adults (n=251) were swabbed separately to determine carriage of Staphylococcus aureus in each nostril. Carriers were significantly more likely to carry S. aureus in one nostril than in both. Of those carrying S. aureus in both nostrils, 20% carried genetically distinct strains in each. Nostrils belonging to a single individual should not be assumed to be homogenous with respect to carriage of S. aureus. Copyright © 2012, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

News Article | February 28, 2017

The Community for Accredited Online Schools, a leading resource provider for higher education information, has ranked the best colleges and universities with online programs in the state of Iowa for 2017. Of the 17 four-year schools that were ranked, University of Iowa, Iowa State University, Buena Vista University, Saint Ambrose University and University of Northern Iowa came in as the top five institutions. Iowa’s top 14 two-year schools were also included, with Western Iowa Tech Community, Kirkwood Community College, Iowa Lakes Community College, Eastern Iowa Community College and Des Moines Area Community College taking the top five spots. “By 2025, 68 percent of all jobs in Iowa will require postsecondary training or education, according to research from the Iowa College Student Aid Commission,” said Doug Jones, CEO and founder of “The online programs at schools on our list provide the best opportunities for students to meet their educational and career goals.” To earn a spot on the Best Online Schools list, Iowa colleges and universities must be institutionally accredited, public or private not-for-profit entities and have a minimum of one online certificate or degree program. Each college is also scored based on more than a dozen unique data points that include graduation rates, student/teacher ratios, employment services and financial aid availability. For more details on where each school falls in the rankings and the data and methodology used to determine the lists, visit: The Best Online Four-Year Schools in Iowa for 2017 include the following: Allen College Briar Cliff University Buena Vista University Dordt College Graceland University-Lamoni Iowa State University Iowa Wesleyan University Maharishi University of Management Morningside College Mount Mercy University Northwestern College Saint Ambrose University University of Dubuque University of Iowa University of Northern Iowa Upper Iowa University William Penn University Iowa’s Best Online Two-Year Schools for 2017 include the following: Des Moines Area Community College Eastern Iowa Community College District Ellsworth Community College Hawkeye Community College Indian Hills Community College Iowa Central Community College Iowa Lakes Community College Kirkwood Community College Marshalltown Community College Northeast Iowa Community College-Calmar Northwest Iowa Community College Southeastern Community College Southwestern Community College Western Iowa Tech Community College ### About Us: was founded in 2011 to provide students and parents with quality data and information about pursuing an affordable, quality education that has been certified by an accrediting agency. Our community resource materials and tools span topics such as college accreditation, financial aid, opportunities available to veterans, people with disabilities, as well as online learning resources. We feature higher education institutions that have developed online learning programs that include highly trained faculty, new technology and resources, and online support services to help students achieve educational success.

News Article | October 28, 2016

SR Education Group, an education publisher founded in 2004, has just announced a substantial update to its flagship website, Guide to Online Schools: the 2017 Top Online Colleges. The rankings use a proprietary formula that takes into account academic strength and affordability in order to provide a list of colleges offering high quality online education at the best value. All colleges on the lists have annual tuition rates of $15,000 or less. SR Education Group has named the the University of Maryland - College Park the #1 Top Online College. The University of Washington - Seattle and Cedarville University round out the top 3 on the overall ranking. The University of North Georgia is the #1 pick for online Associate Degrees; Fort Hays State University is #1 for online Bachelor’s degrees; Georgia Institute of Technology is #1 for online Master’s degrees; and Montana State University is #1 for online Doctoral degrees. “A lot of education publishers release rankings of the ‘best’ colleges, but a list based solely on prestige is not always the most relevant resource for the vast majority of prospective students,” says Sung Rhee, CEO of SR Education Group. “Not everyone can get into Harvard or MIT. Most students want a college education that is both high quality and affordable. They care about value. Our ranking was designed to achieve that.” SR Education Group has been researching and publishing content about online colleges since 2004, and has been publishing online college rankings since 2010. This year’s Top Online Colleges methodology employs manually researched, degree-specific tuition rates along with data from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). For schools that met the criteria, academic strength factors and annual tuition rates were entered into a proprietary algorithm to determine value score and rank order. The result is a ranking that highlights schools with records of academic success and commitment to affordability. All schools that made the overall 2017 Top Online Colleges ranking offer at least 10 fully online degrees, and the average annual tuition rate of the ranked schools is just $9,020. The University of Maryland - College Park earned the #1 spot for providing stellar academics at affordable rates. Morningside College has the lowest annual tuition on the overall list, offering an online master’s degree for just $4,320 per year. Fort Hays State University, which offers an online Bachelor’s degree for an annual tuition of $6,217, is ranked on 4 out of this year’s 5 lists: #1 for Bachelor’s degrees, #3 for Associate programs, #12 for Master’s degrees, and #16 overall. Georgia Tech, known for its innovative, low-cost online graduate programs, tops the list of Top Online Master’s Degrees and offers an annual tuition rate of $5,100. SR Education Group will be continuing their research into the cost and quality of online colleges and will be publishing over 100 program-specific Top Online Colleges rankings throughout 2017. The upcoming rankings will maintain an emphasis on value by providing lists of schools offering online programs with high academic standards and low annual tuition rates. About SR Education Group Headquartered in Kirkland, WA, SR Education Group was founded in 2004 by CEO Sung Rhee. The company’s mission is to create authoritative online resources for students seeking an online education program that best suits their budget and career aspirations. SR Education Group is passionate about making quality education attainable for everyone and believes that objective information about education, careers, and educational financing should be free and easily accessible. For more information, please visit

McFarland B.,Morningside College | Pojman J.A.,Louisiana State University
Journal of Applied Polymer Science | Year: 2015

Microencapsulation of a material is often used when a controlled release of a substance is desired. This study examines the effects of crosslinking in polyurea microcapsule shells on stability of microcapsules containing the free-radical initiator cumene hydroperoxide (CHP). Crosslinking of polyurea shells was varied by using amine monomers containing different amine functionalities, and/or changing the isocyanate/primary amine ratio. Thermogravimetric analysis was performed to determine thermal properties of these microcapsules, and the pot lives of monomer systems containing these microcapsules were measured. Thermal stability is greater with a moderate degree of crosslinking from a trifunctional amine, and decreases when crosslinking is increased through use of higher amine functionality. Stability in monomer media generally increases with increased crosslinking through higher amine functionality, but is less predictable due to crosslinks formed between capsules. Generally, increasing crosslinking through altering the isocyanate to primary amine ratio decreases capsule stability in both dry and monomer storage. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Thomas A.S.,University of Iowa | Thomas A.S.,Morningside College | Mao S.,University of Iowa | Elcock A.H.,University of Iowa
Biophysical Journal | Year: 2013

The bacterial chaperone trigger factor (TF) is the first chaperone to be encountered by a nascent protein chain as it emerges from the ribosome exit tunnel. Experimental results suggest that TF possesses considerable conformational flexibility, and in an attempt to provide an atomic-level view of this flexibility, we have performed independent 1.5-μs molecular dynamics simulations of TF in explicit solvent using two different simulation force fields (OPLS-AA/L and AMBER ff99SB-ILDN). Both simulations indicate that TF possesses tremendous flexibility, with huge excursions from the crystallographic conformation caused by reorientations of the protein's constituent domains; both simulations also predict the formation of extensive contacts between TF's PPIase domain and the Arm 1 domain that is involved in nascent-chain binding. In the OPLS simulation, however, TF rapidly settles into a very compact conformation that persists for at least 1 μs, whereas in the AMBER simulation, it remains highly dynamic; additional simulations in which the two force fields were swapped suggest that these differences are at least partly attributable to sampling issues. The simulation results provide potential rationalizations of a number of experimental observations regarding TF's conformational behavior and have implications for using simulations to model TF's function on translating ribosomes. © 2013 Biophysical Society.

Lapaglia J.A.,Morningside College | Chan J.C.K.,Iowa State University
Behavioral Sciences and the Law | Year: 2013

A number of recent studies have found that recalling details of an event following its occurrence can increase people's suggestibility to later presented misinformation. However, several other studies have reported the opposite result, whereby earlier retrieval can reduce subsequent eyewitness suggestibility. In the present study, we investigated whether differences in the way misinformation is presented can modulate the effects of testing on suggestibility. Participants watched a video of a robbery and some were questioned about the event immediately afterwards. Later, participants were exposed to misinformation in a narrative (Experiment 1) or in questions (Experiment 2). Consistent with previous studies, we found that testing increased suggestibility when misinformation was presented via a narrative. Remarkably, when misinformation was presented in questions, testing decreased suggestibility. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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