Moriyama Memorial Hospital

Tokyo, Japan

Moriyama Memorial Hospital

Tokyo, Japan
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Kubota Y.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Ochiai T.,Ochiai Brain Clinic | Hori T.,Moriyama Memorial Hospital | Kawamata T.,Tokyo Women's Medical University
Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery | Year: 2017

Objective Surgical options for medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) include anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) and selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SAH). Optimal criteria for choosing the appropriate surgical approach remain uncertain. This article reports 11 consecutive cases in which electrophysiological findings of stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) were used to determine the optimal surgical approach. Patients and methods Eleven consecutive patients with MTLE underwent SEEG evaluation and were placed in either the medial or the medial + lateral group based on the findings. Patients in the medial group underwent SAH using the subtemporal approach, and patients in the medial + lateral group underwent SEEG-guided anterior temporal lobectomy. SEEG findings were also compared with other examinations including flumazenil (FMZ)–positron emission tomography (PET), fluorine-18 labeled fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET, and magnetoencephalography (MEG). Results were evaluated to determine which examinations most consistently identified the epileptogenic zone. Results Of the 11 cases, 4 patients were placed in the medial group, and 7 patients in the medial + lateral group. Of patients, 90.9% were classified in class I of the Engel Epilepsy Surgery Outcome Scale, while 72.7% were classified in class I by the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) system. Analyzed by group, 100% of the medial group experienced an Engel class I outcome in the medial group, compared to 85.7% in the medial + lateral group. SEEG findings were comparable with FDG-PET results (10 of 11, 91%). Conclusion Tailored surgery guided by SEEG is an electrophysiologically feasible treatment for MTLE that can result in favorable outcomes. Although seizures are thought to originate in the medial temporal lobe in MTLE, it is important for involvement of the lateral temporal cortex to be also considered in some cases. © 2017

Yoshimoto H.,Moriyama Memorial Hospital | Matsuo S.,Moriyama Memorial Hospital | Umemoto T.,Kasai Cardiology and Neurosurgery Hospital | Kawakami N.,Moriyama Memorial Hospital | Moriyama T.,Moriyama Memorial Hospital
Journal of Neuroimaging | Year: 2011

We present the first case of cerebral infarction due to idiopathic reversible vasospasm of the extracranial internal carotid artery without headache or identifiable cause in a patient who subsequently suffered acute myocardial infarction due to vasospasm of the coronary artery. © 2009 by the American Society of Neuroimaging.

Takahashi H.,Asahikawa University | Nakajima S.,Moriyama Memorial Hospital | Sakata I.,Photochemical | Iizuka H.,Asahikawa University
Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2014

Numerous reports indicate therapeutic efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) against skin tumors, acne and for skin rejuvenation. However, few reports exist regarding its efficacy for fungal skin diseases. In order to determine the antifungal effect, PDT was applied on Malassezia furfur. M. furfur was cultured in the presence of a novel cationic photosensitizer, TONS504, and was irradiated with a 670-nm diode laser. TONS504-PDT showed a significant antifungal effect against M. furfur. The effect was irradiation dose- and TONS504 concentration-dependent and the maximal effect was observed at 100 J/cm2 and 1 μg/mL, respectively. In conclusion, TONS504-PDT showed antifungal effect against M. furfur in vitro, and may be a new therapeutic modality for M. furfur-related skin disorders. © 2014 Japanese Dermatological Association.

Miyata H.,Akita | Hori T.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Hori T.,Moriyama Memorial Hospital | Vinters H.V.,University of California at Los Angeles
Neuropathology | Year: 2013

Among epilepsy-associated non-neoplastic lesions, mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (mTLE-HS) and malformation of cortical development (MCD), including focal cortical dysplasia (FCD), are the two most frequent causes of drug-resistant focal epilepsies, constituting about 50% of all surgical pathology of epilepsy. Several distinct histological patterns have been historically recognized in both HS and FCD, and several studies have tried to perform clinicopathological correlations. However, results have been controversial, particularly in terms of post-surgical seizure outcome. Recently, the International League Against Epilepsy constituted a Task Forces of Neuropathology and FCD within the Commission on Diagnostic Methods, to establish an international consensus of histological classification of HS and FCD, respectively, based on agreement with the recognition of the importance of defining a histopathological classification system that reliably has some clinicopathological correlation. Such consensus classifications are likely to facilitate future clinicopathological studies. Meanwhile, we reviewed the neuropathology of 41 surgical cases of mTLE, and confirmed three type/patterns of HS along with no HS, based on the qualitative evaluation of the distribution and severity of neuronal loss and gliosis within hippocampal formation, that is, HS type 1 (61%) equivalent to "classical" Ammon's horn sclerosis, HS type 2 (2%) representing CA1 sclerosis, HS type 3 (17%) equivalent to end folium sclerosis, and no HS (19%). Furthermore, we performed a neuropathological comparative study on mTLE-HS and dementia-associated HS (d-HS) in the elderly, and confirmed that neuropathological features differ between mTLE-HS and d-HS in the distribution of hippocampal neuronal loss and gliosis, morphology of reactive astrocytes and their protein expression, and presence of concomitant neurodegenerative changes, particularly Alzheimer type and TDP-43 pathologies. These differences may account, at least in part, for the difference in pathogenesis and epileptogenicity of HS in mTLE and senile dementia. However, the etiology and pathogenesis of most epileptogenic lesions are yet to be elucidated. © 2013 Japanese Society of Neuropathology.

Ishida A.,Moriyama Memorial Hospital | Matsuo S.,Moriyama Memorial Hospital | Kawamura S.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Nishikawa T.,Tokyo Women's Medical University
Surgical Neurology International | Year: 2014

Background: The incidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in young adults is relatively rare. Kawasaki disease is a systemic vasculopathy that is known to cause coronary artery aneurysms; however, its effect on cerebral arteries remains largely unclear. Case Description: We report the case of a 20-year-old male with a history of Kawasaki disease who presented with SAH caused by the rupture of a nonbranching middle cerebral artery aneurysm. This is the third report of SAH associated with Kawasaki disease. Preoperative echocardiography of the patient rejected the presence of bacterial endocarditis and other heart abnormalities. An emergency craniotomy and clip occlusion of the aneurysm was successfully performed without obstructing the parent artery. Two weeks later, the patient was discharged without any apparent neurological deficit. We also performed a circumstantial pathological study on specimens obtained from the aneurysm wall. Our histological findings suggest that the elastic lamina and tunica intima were completely destroyed during the acute vasculitis phase of Kawasaki disease, which possibly led to the aneurysmal formation. Conclusions: Lack of active inflammatory changes and atherosclerotic lesions may explain the chronic feature of Kawasaki disease, not a typical aneurysmal formation. Copyright:© 2014 Ishida A.

Miyata H.,Akita | Ryufuku M.,Akita | Kubota Y.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Ochiai T.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | And 3 more authors.
Neuropathology | Year: 2012

Angiocentric glioma (AG) is defined as an epilepsy-associated stable or slowly growing cerebral tumor primarily affecting children and young adults, histologically consisting mainly of monomorphic, bipolar spindle-shaped cells and occasional round to monopolar columnar epithelioid cells, showing angiocentric growth pattern and features of ependymal differentiation. We describe two clinicopathologically unusual cases of AG. Case 1 is a 54-year-old woman with a 10-year history of complex partial seizures. MRI revealed non-enhancing T1-low, T2/fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR)-high intensity signal change in the left hippocampus and amygdala. After selective amygdalohippocampectomy, she had rare non-disabling seizures on medication for over 50 months (Engel's class I). Case 2 is a 37-year-old man with a 3-year history of complex partial seizures. MRI revealed non-enhancing T1-low, T2/FLAIR-high intensity signal change in the left uncus and amygdala. After combined amygdalohippocampectomy and anterior temporal lobectomy, he has been seizure-free for over 11 months. Histologically the tumors in both cases consisted mainly of infiltrating epithelioid cells (GFAP-~±, S-100-) with perinuclear epithelial membrane antigen (EMA)-positive dots and rings, showing conspicuous single- and multi-layered angiocentric arrangements. Occasional tumor cells showed spindle-shaped morphology (GFAP+, S-100+) with rare EMA-positive dots aligned radially and longitudinally along parenchymal blood vessels. Focal solid areas showed a Schwannoma-like fascicular arrangement with rare EMA-positive dots and/or sheets of epithelioid cells with abundant EMA dots. Electron microscopic investigation demonstrated features of ependymal differentiation. These cases, together with a few similar cases previously reported, appear to represent a rare but distinct clinicopathological subset of AG characterized by adult-onset, mesial temporal lobe localization and epithelioid cell-predominant histology. © 2011 Japanese Society of Neuropathology.

Asakuno K.,Moriyama Memorial Hospital | Ishida A.,Moriyama Memorial Hospital
Surgical Neurology International | Year: 2014

Background: Cortical deafness is a rare symptom that is associated with bilateral lesions of the auditory cortex. To date, cortical deafness has been reported in only three cases of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Copyright:Case Description: This 55-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with SAH caused by a ruptured left internal carotid artery (ICA) paraclinoid aneurysm. Computed tomography (CT) scans showed diffuse thick SAH with no other lesions such as an old infarction or hemorrhage. Emergent stent-assisted coil embolization was performed successfully and subsequent cisternal irrigation with urokinase almost completely washed out the thick SAH. During follow-up, she was alert and without any neurological deficits, however, she developed acute bilateral deafness on day 7 even though she had no history of hearing impairment. Because of the deafness, verbal communication was difficult. She became almost completely unable to hear and communication was confined to writing. Immediate diffusion-weighted (DW) image showed high intensities in bilateral superior temporal gyri due to severe vasospasm of bilateral middle cerebral arteries (MCAs). Immediate angiography showed severe vasospasm especially right MCA. A microcatheter was advanced to the right M1 and papaverine was administered. Soon after that, her hearing impairment dramatically improved. Our simple audiometry showed a hearing threshold average for both 1000 and 4000 Hz at 25 dB in both ears. She was discharged without any deficits in 2 weeks.Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of pure cortical deafness due to bilateral vasospasm, which was immediately resolved by intraarterial administration of papaverine. © 2014 Asakuno K.

Ishida A.,Moriyama Memorial Hospital | Matsuo S.,Moriyama Memorial Hospital
Journal of Medical Case Reports | Year: 2014

Introduction. Vasospasm is the most common cause of complication after a subarachnoid hemorrhage and tremendous efforts have been made to prevent it. A subarachnoid clot is the cause of the vasospasm and dissolving and washing it out is considered to be the best practice. Cisternal irrigation with urokinase and ascorbic acid has been widely used due to its proven effect.Case presentation. A 60-year-old Japanese male presented with a severe headache was diagnosed with a subarachnoid hemorrhage and an immediate surgical obliteration was successfully performed. After clipping the aneurysm, a cisternal drainage tube was placed in the chiasmatic cistern. In order to clear the thick subarachnoid hemorrhage, a cisternal irrigation was performed. However, his consciousness deteriorated and his left pupil became dilated on the next day. A T1 sagittal magnetic resonance imaging scan showed an evidence of marked brain sagging with mild tonsillar descent. We continued intensive hydration and head-down positioning and the brain sagging was shown to have improved in the follow-up magnetic resonance imaging scan.Conclusions: We present a case in which our patient experienced brain sagging after a cisternal irrigation of a subarachnoid hemorrhage. A subdural hematoma and low intracranial pressure suggested intracranial hypotension. Sagittal magnetic resonance imaging images are useful to evaluate brain sagging and are shown sequentially here in our case report. © 2014 Ishida and Matsuo; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

PubMed | Moriyama Memorial Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Surgical neurology international | Year: 2016

Applying more than one clip for a complicated-shaped aneurysm is an established strategy, particularly for middle cerebral arteries (MCA). However, obliterating the cleft of the internal elastic lamina with a single clip is theoretically possible because the line is usually on a single plane. Crankshaft clips were reformed for that purpose decades ago, but are not widely used and have been described in almost no report ever since.To reconsider and describe the utility of crankshaft clips for complicated MCA aneurysms and to articulate the advantages and limitations of the clips, we meticulously analyzed a series of more than 150 cases in which the crankshaft clips were used, predominantly for treatment of MCA aneurysms, at Moriyama Memorial Hospital between August 2010 and December 2015.Readjustment of the clip was not necessary in almost all cases, and the first application was the final one. None of the patients had morbidity or mortality related to the surgical technique. To date, we have not experienced any trouble or recurrence.Crankshaft clips are useful and safe for clipping of complicated MCA aneurysms.

PubMed | Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, University of Ryukyus, National Defense Medical College, National Cancer Center Hospital and 10 more.
Type: | Journal: Auris, nasus, larynx | Year: 2016

A recent study identified a survival benefit with prophylactic neck dissection (ND) at the time of primary surgery as compared with watchful waiting followed by therapeutic neck dissection for nodal relapse, in patients with cN0 oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Alternative management of cN0 neck cancer is recommended to minimize the adverse effects of ND, indicating the need for sentinel node biopsy (SNB) and limited neck dissection. We conducted a multicenter Phase II study to examine the feasibility of SNB for clinically N0 OSCC.Previously untreated N0 OSCC patients (n=57) with clinical late-T2 or T3 tumors were enrolled across 10 institutions. SNB navigated with multislice frozen section analysis of sentinel nodes (SNs) and SNB supported sentinel node lymphatic basin dissection (SN basin dissection) were performed in a one-stage procedure. The endpoint was to investigate the rate of false-negative metastases after SN basin dissection and SNB alone.Most tumors were late-T2 lesions (n=50; 87.7%). SNs were identified in all patients. A total of 196 SNs were detected. Among these SNs, 35 (17.8%) were positive for metastasis (9 in level I, 12 in level II, 12 in level III, 1 in level V and 2 in the contralateral region of the neck). The false-negative rate of SNB supported by SN basin dissection and SNB alone was 4.5% and 9.1%, respectively. The concordance of the SN status in intraoperative frozen sections with the permanent histopathology was 97.4% (191/196). The sensitivity and specificity of intraoperative pathological evaluation were 85.7% (30/35) and 100% (30/30), respectively. The 3-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival was 89.5% and 82.5%, respectively. The OS of SN-negative patients was significantly longer than that of SN-positive patients (P=0.047).The current study verified that SN basin dissection was a useful back-up procedure for SNB performed as a one-stage procedure, showing a low false-negative rate. SNB alone is an appropriate staging method for patients with clinical N0 staging, and a reliable procedure to determine the appropriate levels for neck dissection.

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