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Motomiya, Japan

Shioi Y.,Morioka Municipal Hospital | Nakamura S.-I.,Mitsubishi Group | Kawamura S.,Iwate Prefectural Esashi Hospital | Kasami M.,Shizuoka Cancer Hospital
Diagnostic Pathology | Year: 2012

Nipple adenoma is a relatively rare benign breast neoplasm, and cases of the disease arising from the axillary accessory breast have very seldom been reported in the English literature. We report a case of nipple adenoma arising from axillary accessory breast including clinical and pathological findings. An 82-year-old woman presented with the complaint of a small painful mass in the right axilla. Physical examination confirmed a well-defined eczematous crusted mass that was 8 mm in size. The diagnosis of nipple adenoma was made from an excisional specimen on the basis of characteristic histological findings. Microscopic structural features included a compact proliferation of small tubules lined by epithelial and myoepithelial cells, and the merging of glandular epithelial cells of the adenoma into squamous epithelial cells in the superficial epidermal layer. Because clinically nipple adenoma may resemble Paget's disease and pathologically can be misinterpreted as tubular carcinoma, the correct identification of nipple adenoma is an important factor in the differential diagnosis for axillary tumor neoplasms.Virtual slides: The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1186821489769063. © 2012 Shioi et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Suzuki K.,Iwate Medical University | Endo R.,Iwate Medical University | Kohgo Y.,Hokkaido University | Ohtake T.,Hokkaido University | And 10 more authors.
Hepatology Research | Year: 2012

Aim: The Japanese Nutritional Study Group for Liver Cirrhosis (JNUS) was assembled in 2008 with the support of a Health Labor Sciences Research Grant from the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan. The goal of the study group was to propose new nutritional guidelines for Japanese patients with liver cirrhosis (LC), with the aim of preventing hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: Between 2008 and 2010, the member investigators of JNUS conducted various clinical and experimental studies on nutrition on LC. These included anthropometric studies, a questionnaire study on daily nutrient intake, clinical trials, experimental studies using animal models, re-evaluation of previous publications and patient education. Over this 3-year period, the group members regularly discussed the nutritional issues related to LC, and a proposal was finally produced. Results: Based on the results of JNUS projects and discussions among the members, general recommendations were made on how Japanese patients with LC should be managed nutritionally. These recommendations were proposed with a specific regard to the prevention of hepatocarcinogenesis. Conclusion: The new JNUS guidelines on nutritional management for Japanese patients with LC will be useful for the actual nutritional management of patients with LC. The JNUS members hope that these guidelines will form the basis for future discussions and provide some direction in nutritional studies in the field of hepatology. © 2012 The Japan Society of Hepatology. Source

Kuroda H.,Iwate Medical University | Ushio A.,Iwate Medical University | Miyamoto Y.,Iwate Medical University | Sawara K.,Iwate Medical University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia) | Year: 2010

Background and Aim: This prospective control study examined whether supplementation with branched-chain amino acid (BCAA)-enriched nutrients can help maintain and improve residual liver function and nutritional status in cirrhotic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Methods: Subjects were 49 patients with hepatitis C-related HCC who underwent RFA. Two groups were formed: BCAA group (BCAA-enriched nutrient, aminoleban EN) and controls (standard diet only). Event-free survival rate, liver function tests, and Short Form (SF)-8 scores were evaluated in both groups before and one year after RFA. Energy metabolism using indirect calorimetry was measured before and after 3 months. Results: Complete data were obtained from 35 patients (BCAA group, n = 20; controls, n = 15). Six events (death, recurrence of HCC, rupture of esophageal varices and liver failure) occurred during the observation period, but frequencies of these events did not differ between groups. Event-free survival rate tended to be higher in the BCA group than in controls. Among the parameters of liver function, serum albumin level was only significantly increased over 6 months, and remained at similar values for one year (P < 0.05). SF-8 scores for general health, physical functioning, and social functioning were significantly elevated in the BCAA group (P < 0.05). Non-protein respiratory quotient was significantly improved in the BCAA group (P < 0.01). Conclusion: Supplementation with BCAA-enriched nutrients for one year in cirrhotic patients with HCC after RFA therapy can perform safety and improve both nutritional state and quality of life. © 2010 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. Source

Sugaya A.,Okayama University | Fukushima K.,Okayama University | Kasai N.,National Sanatorium Oku Komyo En | Ojima T.,Hamamatsu University School of Medicine | And 5 more authors.
Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology | Year: 2014

Objective: Decreasing language delay in hearing-impaired children is a key issue in the maintenance of their quality of life. Language training has been presented mainly by experience-based training; effective intervention programs are crucially important for their future. The aim of this study was to confirm the efficacy of 6-month domain-based language training of school-age, severe-to-profound hearing-impaired children. Methods: We conducted a controlled before-after study involving 728 severe-to-profound prelingual hearing-impaired children, including an intervention group (n = 60), control group (n = 30), and baseline study group (n = 638). Language scores of the participants and questionnaires to the caregivers/therapists were compared before and after the intervention. Average monthly increase in each language score of the control group and baseline study group were compared with those of the intervention group. Results: Language scores and the results of the questionnaire of the intervention group showed a significant improvement (P > .05). The average monthly language growth of the intervention group was twice that of the control group and 3 to 4 times that of the baseline study group (P > .05). The effect size was largest in communication (1.914), followed by syntax (0.931). Conclusion: Domain-based language training improved the language development and daily communication of hearingimpaired children without any adverse effects. © The Author(s) 2014. Source

Umemura A.,Iwate Medical University | Sasaki A.,Iwate Medical University | Nitta H.,Iwate Medical University | Otsuka K.,Iwate Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Endocrine Journal | Year: 2014

The aim of this study was to evaluate the relative contribution of serum adipokines and adipokines from the patient's omentum-derived adipocytes (PODAs) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) of Japanese patients with severe obesity. Secondarily, we analyzed patients' metabolic changes after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Twenty-three LSG patients and 23 non-obese patients undergoing elective abdominal surgery were enrolled. The levels of adipokines in the serum and the PODAs were measured. The clinical and metabolic data were evaluated at 6 months after LSG. The mean serum leptin levels and the mean serum plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) levels were significantly greater (p< 0.001) and the mean adiponectin levels were significantly lower in the LSG group (p = 0.006). In the measurements of the PODAs, the mean leptin levels (p < 0.001) were significantly greater and the mean adiponectin levels (p < 0.001) were significantly lower in the LSG group. The mean BMI (- 12 kg/m2, p < 0.001) and mean VAT (- 135.5 cm2, p = 0.001) were significantly decreased after LSG. In nine patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, the reduction in VAT correlated with the change in high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (p = 0.006) and the homeostasis model of assessment of insulin resistance (p = 0.001). After 6 months, LSG markedly improved most obesity-related comorbidities. Our results suggest that LSG may contribute to VAT reduction, improved adipocyte hormone levels, and changes in gut physiology and endocrinology. © The Japan Endocrine Society. Source

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