Motomiya, Japan
Motomiya, Japan

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Shioi Y.,Morioka Municipal Hospital | Nakamura S.-I.,Mitsubishi Group | Kawamura S.,Iwate Prefectural Esashi Hospital | Kasami M.,Shizuoka Cancer Hospital
Diagnostic Pathology | Year: 2012

Nipple adenoma is a relatively rare benign breast neoplasm, and cases of the disease arising from the axillary accessory breast have very seldom been reported in the English literature. We report a case of nipple adenoma arising from axillary accessory breast including clinical and pathological findings. An 82-year-old woman presented with the complaint of a small painful mass in the right axilla. Physical examination confirmed a well-defined eczematous crusted mass that was 8 mm in size. The diagnosis of nipple adenoma was made from an excisional specimen on the basis of characteristic histological findings. Microscopic structural features included a compact proliferation of small tubules lined by epithelial and myoepithelial cells, and the merging of glandular epithelial cells of the adenoma into squamous epithelial cells in the superficial epidermal layer. Because clinically nipple adenoma may resemble Paget's disease and pathologically can be misinterpreted as tubular carcinoma, the correct identification of nipple adenoma is an important factor in the differential diagnosis for axillary tumor neoplasms.Virtual slides: The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1186821489769063. © 2012 Shioi et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Suzuki K.,Iwate Medical University | Endo R.,Iwate Medical University | Kohgo Y.,Hokkaido University | Ohtake T.,Hokkaido University | And 10 more authors.
Hepatology Research | Year: 2012

Aim: The Japanese Nutritional Study Group for Liver Cirrhosis (JNUS) was assembled in 2008 with the support of a Health Labor Sciences Research Grant from the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan. The goal of the study group was to propose new nutritional guidelines for Japanese patients with liver cirrhosis (LC), with the aim of preventing hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: Between 2008 and 2010, the member investigators of JNUS conducted various clinical and experimental studies on nutrition on LC. These included anthropometric studies, a questionnaire study on daily nutrient intake, clinical trials, experimental studies using animal models, re-evaluation of previous publications and patient education. Over this 3-year period, the group members regularly discussed the nutritional issues related to LC, and a proposal was finally produced. Results: Based on the results of JNUS projects and discussions among the members, general recommendations were made on how Japanese patients with LC should be managed nutritionally. These recommendations were proposed with a specific regard to the prevention of hepatocarcinogenesis. Conclusion: The new JNUS guidelines on nutritional management for Japanese patients with LC will be useful for the actual nutritional management of patients with LC. The JNUS members hope that these guidelines will form the basis for future discussions and provide some direction in nutritional studies in the field of hepatology. © 2012 The Japan Society of Hepatology.


Katayama K.,Japan National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute | Saito M.,Hyogo College of Medicine | Kawaguchi T.,Kurume University | Endo R.,Iwate Medical University | And 11 more authors.
Nutrition | Year: 2014

Objective: To our knowledge, no randomized study has shown whether zinc replacement therapy is effective for hyperammonemia in liver cirrhosis; therefore, we performed a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to examine efficacy and safety of the zinc replacement therapy. Methods: Patients with liver cirrhosis and hyperammonemia (at or above the institutional reference value) and hypozincemia (≤65 μg/dL) were enrolled in the outpatient units of the participating institutions and were randomly divided to receive placebo (P group) or zinc acetate preparation at a dose of 3 capsules/d for a total zinc content of 150 mg/d (Z group) by the envelope method. Of the 18 enrolled patients, 6 dropped out; thus, the analyses included 12 patients (5 in the P group and 7 in the Z group). Variations in blood concentrations of zinc and ammonia as well as liver function test results were compared. Results: Blood zinc levels significantly increased in the Z group (P = 0.0037; Friedman test) but not the P group. Blood ammonia levels significantly decreased in the Z group (P = 0.0114; Friedman test) but not the P group. The percent change in blood ammonia level also revealed significant reduction at the eighth week in the Z group (P = 0.0188: Mann-Whitney test). No serious adverse events attributable to the zinc preparation were noted. Conclusion: Although this study is preliminary and includes a small sample, it is, to our knowledge, the first randomized controlled trial to show that zinc supplementation for 3 mo seems effective and safe for treating hyperammonemia in liver cirrhosis. Studies with a larger sample size are needed to confirm our findings. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.


PubMed | Gifu University, Morioka University, Hyogo College of Medicine, Morioka Municipal Hospital and 9 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.) | Year: 2014

To our knowledge, no randomized study has shown whether zinc replacement therapy is effective for hyperammonemia in liver cirrhosis; therefore, we performed a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to examine efficacy and safety of the zinc replacement therapy.Patients with liver cirrhosis and hyperammonemia (at or above the institutional reference value) and hypozincemia (65 g/dL) were enrolled in the outpatient units of the participating institutions and were randomly divided to receive placebo (P group) or zinc acetate preparation at a dose of 3 capsules/d for a total zinc content of 150 mg/d (Z group) by the envelope method. Of the 18 enrolled patients, 6 dropped out; thus, the analyses included 12 patients (5 in the P group and 7 in the Z group). Variations in blood concentrations of zinc and ammonia as well as liver function test results were compared.Blood zinc levels significantly increased in the Z group (P = 0.0037; Friedman test) but not the P group. Blood ammonia levels significantly decreased in the Z group (P = 0.0114; Friedman test) but not the P group. The percent change in blood ammonia level also revealed significant reduction at the eighth week in the Z group (P = 0.0188: Mann-Whitney test). No serious adverse events attributable to the zinc preparation were noted.Although this study is preliminary and includes a small sample, it is, to our knowledge, the first randomized controlled trial to show that zinc supplementation for 3 mo seems effective and safe for treating hyperammonemia in liver cirrhosis. Studies with a larger sample size are needed to confirm our findings.


Kuroda H.,Iwate Medical University | Ushio A.,Iwate Medical University | Miyamoto Y.,Iwate Medical University | Sawara K.,Iwate Medical University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia) | Year: 2010

Background and Aim: This prospective control study examined whether supplementation with branched-chain amino acid (BCAA)-enriched nutrients can help maintain and improve residual liver function and nutritional status in cirrhotic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Methods: Subjects were 49 patients with hepatitis C-related HCC who underwent RFA. Two groups were formed: BCAA group (BCAA-enriched nutrient, aminoleban EN) and controls (standard diet only). Event-free survival rate, liver function tests, and Short Form (SF)-8 scores were evaluated in both groups before and one year after RFA. Energy metabolism using indirect calorimetry was measured before and after 3 months. Results: Complete data were obtained from 35 patients (BCAA group, n = 20; controls, n = 15). Six events (death, recurrence of HCC, rupture of esophageal varices and liver failure) occurred during the observation period, but frequencies of these events did not differ between groups. Event-free survival rate tended to be higher in the BCA group than in controls. Among the parameters of liver function, serum albumin level was only significantly increased over 6 months, and remained at similar values for one year (P < 0.05). SF-8 scores for general health, physical functioning, and social functioning were significantly elevated in the BCAA group (P < 0.05). Non-protein respiratory quotient was significantly improved in the BCAA group (P < 0.01). Conclusion: Supplementation with BCAA-enriched nutrients for one year in cirrhotic patients with HCC after RFA therapy can perform safety and improve both nutritional state and quality of life. © 2010 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.


Sasaki A.,Iwate Medical University | Suto T.,Morioka Municipal Hospital | Nitta H.,Iwate Medical University | Shimooki O.,Iwate Prefectural Kuji Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Surgery Today | Year: 2010

Retroperitoneal neural tumors are rarely excised laparoscopically, with fewer than ten cases reported in the literature. Between February 2005 and December 2007, we performed successful planned laparoscopic excision of retroperitoneal tumors using the four-trocar technique in three patients. All three patients were women, with a mean age of 40.7 years. The mean tumor size was 4.8 cm. The mean operative time was 126 min and the mean blood loss 14.3 ml. The postoperative pathological diagnosis was schwannoma in one patient and ganglioneuromas in two. There was no morbidity or mortality. Although difficult to diagnose preoperatively, neural tumors in the retroperitoneal space are most often benign, with a good prognosis. Laparoscopic surgical techniques for retroperitoneal tumors are safe, and their use is encouraged when an appropriate diagnosis is made, after exclusion of malignant subtypes. © 2010 Springer.


Umemura A.,Iwate Medical University | Sasaki A.,Iwate Medical University | Nitta H.,Iwate Medical University | Otsuka K.,Iwate Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Endocrine Journal | Year: 2014

The aim of this study was to evaluate the relative contribution of serum adipokines and adipokines from the patient's omentum-derived adipocytes (PODAs) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) of Japanese patients with severe obesity. Secondarily, we analyzed patients' metabolic changes after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Twenty-three LSG patients and 23 non-obese patients undergoing elective abdominal surgery were enrolled. The levels of adipokines in the serum and the PODAs were measured. The clinical and metabolic data were evaluated at 6 months after LSG. The mean serum leptin levels and the mean serum plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) levels were significantly greater (p< 0.001) and the mean adiponectin levels were significantly lower in the LSG group (p = 0.006). In the measurements of the PODAs, the mean leptin levels (p < 0.001) were significantly greater and the mean adiponectin levels (p < 0.001) were significantly lower in the LSG group. The mean BMI (- 12 kg/m2, p < 0.001) and mean VAT (- 135.5 cm2, p = 0.001) were significantly decreased after LSG. In nine patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, the reduction in VAT correlated with the change in high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (p = 0.006) and the homeostasis model of assessment of insulin resistance (p = 0.001). After 6 months, LSG markedly improved most obesity-related comorbidities. Our results suggest that LSG may contribute to VAT reduction, improved adipocyte hormone levels, and changes in gut physiology and endocrinology. © The Japan Endocrine Society.


PubMed | Morioka Municipal Hospital and Iwate Medical University
Type: | Journal: Case reports in surgery | Year: 2016

Introduction. Hepatic peribiliary cysts (HPCs) usually originate due to the cystic dilatation of the intrahepatic extramural peribiliary glands. We describe our rare experience of pure laparoscopic left hemihepatectomy (PLLH) in a patient with HPCs accompanied by a component of biliary intraepithelial neoplasia (BilIN). Case Presentation. A 65-year-old man was referred for further investigation of mild hepatic dysfunction. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed dilatation of the left-sided intrahepatic bile duct, and biliary cytology showed class III cells. The patient was highly suspected of having left side-dominated cholangiocarcinoma and underwent PLLH. Microscopic findings revealed multiple cystic dilatations of the extramural peribiliary glands; hence, this lesion was diagnosed as HPCs. The resected intrahepatic bile duct showed that the normal ductal lumen comprised low columnar epithelia; however, front formation on the BilIN was observed in some parts of the intrahepatic bile duct, indicating that the BilIN coexisted with HPCs. Conclusion. We chose surgical therapy for this patient owing to the presence of some features of biliary malignancy. We employed noble PLLH as a minimally invasive procedure for this patient.


PubMed | Morioka University, Morioka Municipal Hospital and Iwate Medical University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Hepatology research : the official journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology | Year: 2016

To examine whether the brain exhibits metabolic disorder prior to overt hepatic encephalopathy in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC), the intracerebral glutamine and myo-inositol levels were determined using 3.0-Tesla (T)(1) H (proton) magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS).We tested 21 LC patients, including seven patients with minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE).No significant differences were noted between the two patient groups in terms of the severity of LC, levels of blood ammonia or levels of blood or liver enzymes. In the MHE group, the levels of brain glutamine were significantly higher than those in the non-MHE group, whereas the levels of brain myo-inositol were significantly lower. This demonstrated that MHE patients were already exhibiting metabolic disorder in the brain, similar to those observed during overt hepatic encephalopathy.A quantitative analysis of this phenomenon using MRS may contribute to an early and objective diagnosis of MHE.

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