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Morgan Stanley is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in the Morgan Stanley Building, Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Morgan Stanley operates in 42 countries and has more than 1300 offices and 60,000 employees. According to the Scorpio Partnership Global Private Banking Benchmark the company had 1,454 USD Bn of assets under management in 2014, an increase of 17.5% on the 2013 figure.The corporation, formed by J.P. Morgan & Co. partners Henry S. Morgan , Harold Stanley and others, came into existence on September 16, 1935, in response to the Glass-Steagall Act that required the splitting of commercial and investment banking businesses. In its first year the company operated with a 24% market share in public offerings and private placements. The main areas of business for the firm today are Global Wealth Management, Institutional Securities, and Investment Management. Wikipedia.

Rosenthal S.L.,Morgan Stanley
Academic Medicine | Year: 2011

Many mentoring relationships do not reach fruition because the individuals fail to bridge a critical difference. When a difference prevents a learning partnership from achieving its potential, the loss is multidimensional for the individuals and the institution-wasting opportunities for the fostering of current and future talent. Insights into when such impasses are likely to arise may help both mentors and mentees address what feels "undiscussable." The authors offer numerous examples of how differences related to ethnicity, language, gender, and generation may interfere with the development of mentoring relationships. Next, the authors offer recommendations on preparing for and handling difficult conversations, including creating safety, noticing assumptions and emotions, and raising sensitive issues. Virtually all faculty can become more effective at communicating across differences and addressing difficulties that prevent mentoring relationships from achieving their potential. The pay-offs for these efforts are indisputable: increased effect in the limited time available for mentoring, an expanded legacy of positive influence, and enhanced communication and leadership skills. The honing of these relational skills enhances the colleagueship and teamwork on which virtually all research, clinical, and educational enterprises depend. Academic health centers that systematically support mentoring enhance institutional stability, talent development, and leadership capacity. © by Assciation American Medical Colleges. Source

Smith J.T.,Morgan Stanley
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics | Year: 2015

INTRODUCTION:: The use of growth-sparing instrumentation in pediatric spinal deformity is associated with a significant incidence of adverse events. However, there is no consistent way to report these complications, allowing for meaningful comparison of different growth-sparing techniques and strategies. The purpose of this study is to develop consensus for a new classification system to report these complications.METHODS:: The authors, who represent lead surgeons from 5 major pediatric spine centers, collaborated to develop a classification system to report complications associated with growing spine surgery. Following IRB approval, this system was then tested using a minimum of 10 patients from each center with at least 2-year follow-up after initial implantation of growing instrumentation to assess ease of use and consistency in reporting complications. Inclusion criteria were only patients who had surgical treatment of early onset scoliosis and did not include casting or bracing.Complications are defined as an unplanned medical event in the course of treatment that may or may not affect final outcome. Severity refers to the level of care and urgency required to treat the complication, and can be classified as device related or disease related. Severity grade (SV) I is a complication that does not require unplanned surgery, and can be corrected at the next scheduled surgery. SVII requires an unplanned surgery, with SVIIA requiring a single trip and SVIIB needing multiple trips for resolution. SVIII is a complication that substantially alters the planned course of treatment. Disease-related complications are classified as grade SVI if no hospitalization is required and grade SVII if hospitalization is required. SVIV was defined as death, either disease or device related.RESULTS:: A total of 65 patients from 5 institutions met enrollment criteria for the study; 56 patients had at least 1 complication and 9 had no complications. There were 14 growing rods, 47 VEPTRs, ,and 4 hybrid constructs. The average age at implant was 4.7 years. There were an average of 5.4 expansions, 1.6 revisions, and 0.8 exchanges per patient. The minimum follow-up was 2 years. The most common complications were migration (60), infection (31), pneumonia (21), and instrumentation failure (23). When classified, the complications were grade I (57), grade IIA (79), grade IIB (10), and grade III (6).CONCLUSIONS:: Well-documented uncertainty in clinical decision making in this area highlights the need for more rigorous clinical research. Reporting complications standardized for severity and impact on the course of treatment in growing spine surgery is a necessary prerequisite for meaningful comparative evaluation of different treatment options. This study shows that although complications were common, only 9% (SVIII) were severe enough to change the planned course of treatment.SIGNIFICANCE:: We propose that future studies reporting complications of different methods of growth-sparing spine surgery use this classification moving forward so that meaningful comparisons can be made between different treatment techniques. © 2015 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Source

Vos M.B.,Emory University | Vos M.B.,Childrens Healthcare Of Atlanta | Lavine J.E.,Morgan Stanley
Hepatology | Year: 2013

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease in adults and children. A number of genetic and environmental factors are known to predispose individuals to NAFLD. Certain dietary sugars, particularly fructose, are suspected to contribute to the development of NAFLD and its progression. The increasing quantity of fructose in the diet comes from sugar additives (most commonly sucrose and high fructose corn syrup) in beverages and processed foods. Substantial links have been demonstrated between increased fructose consumption and obesity, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance. Growing evidence suggests that fructose contributes to the development and severity of NAFLD. In human studies, fructose is associated with increasing hepatic fat, inflammation, and possibly fibrosis. Whether fructose alone can cause NAFLD or if it serves only as a contributor when consumed excessively in the setting of insulin resistance, positive energy balance, and sedentary lifestyle is unknown. Sufficient evidence exists to support clinical recommendations that fructose intake be limited through decreasing foods and drinks high in added (fructose-containing) sugars. © 2013 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. Source

Bacha E.,Morgan Stanley
Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery: Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Annual | Year: 2012

Given late outcomes of patients with tetralogy of Fallot repaired in the 1970s and 1980s, as well as a better understanding of the late deleterious effects of pulmonary regurgitation, there is a tendency toward preservation of the pulmonary valve function during primary repair of tetralogy of Fallot. The bar keeps moving downward, to include smaller and more dysmorphic pulmonary valves. This article reviews some useful indications and techniques for valve-sparing options, including intraoperative balloon dilation and cusp reconstruction using a patch. Just like other valve repair techniques, no one technique can be applied uniformly, and surgeons must master a wide armamentarium of techniques. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.. Source

Cappell J.,Morgan Stanley
Pediatric clinics of North America | Year: 2013

Because pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) improve survival for a range of acute diseases, attention has turned toward ensuring the best possible functional outcomes after critical illness. The neurocritical care of children is of increasing interest. However, the pediatric population encompasses a heterogeneous set of neurologic conditions, with several possible models of how best to address them. This article reviews the special challenges faced by PICUs with regards to diseases, technologies, and skills and the progress that has been made in treatment, monitoring, and prognostication. Recent advances in translational research expected to modify the field in the near-term are described. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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