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Ivančna Gorica, Slovenia

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2007.;ENV.2007. | Award Amount: 2.92M | Year: 2008

During the twentieth century artists have used plastics and synthetics to create important pieces that are recognized nowadays as masterpieces. Unfortunately some plastics are degrading faster than had been expected and their preservation constitutes a challenge. Their is a lack of knowledge and agreement about the way we can exhibit, clean and store them in order to lower their deterioration speed. The focus of this project will be on art museum collections created with synthetic polymers (typically cellulose nitrate and acetates, poly (vinyl chloride), poly (methyl metacrylate) with a special interest into polyurethanes objects or coatings) and will focus on three dimensional objects as these frequently exhibit physical degradation. The objective is to develop a European wide accepted strategy that improves preservation and maintenance of plastic objects in museum collections. Based on scientific studies and experiences gathered from partners, it is proposed to evaluate and establish recommended practices and risk associated for exhibiting, cleaning and storing these artefacts.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV-NMP.2011.3.2.1-1;ENV-NMP.2011.2.2-5 | Award Amount: 3.76M | Year: 2011

The main objective of the NANOFORART proposal is the development and experimentation of new nano-materials and responsive systems for the conservation and preservation of movable and immovable artworks. While the progress in material science has generated sophisticated nanostructured materials, conservation of cultural heritage is still mainly based on traditional methods and conventional materials that often lack the necessary compatibility with the original artworks and a durable performance in responding to the changes of natural environment and man-made activities. The main challenge of NANOFORART is the combination of sophisticated functional materials arising from the recent developments in nano-science/technology with innovative techniques in the restoration and preventive conservation of works of art, with unprecedented efficiency. The research activity will be focused on the development of manageable methodologies, based on nanosized structures and with a low environmental impact. The main tasks include the production of dispersions of nanoparticles, micellar solutions, microemulsions and gels, in order to offer new reliable pathways to restore and preserve works of art by combining the main features and properties of soft and hard-matter systems for cultural heritage conservation and preservation. In the second part of the project great importance will be given to technology transfer to SMEs that will play an important role in the standardization of applicative protocols, in the up-scale and commercialization of technology and in the evaluation of the eco-toxicity of nano-materials. A fundamental part of the project is also related to the role of end-users. Important museums, such as the National Museum of Anthropology and History of Mexico City and the National Museum of Denmark, will validate the technology and the methods developed in the first part of the project, and provide training activities and dissemination of the developed techniques.

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