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Murviel-lès-Montpellier, France

Chuchana P.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Holzmuller P.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development | Vezilier F.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development | Berthier D.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development | And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2010

Background: Many tools used to analyze microarrays in different conditions have been described. However, the integration of deregulated genes within coherent metabolic pathways is lacking. Currently no objective selection criterion based on biological functions exists to determine a threshold demonstrating that a gene is indeed differentially expressed. Methodology/Principal Findings: To improve transcriptomic analysis of microarrays, we propose a new statistical approach that takes into account biological parameters. We present an iterative method to optimise the selection of differentially expressed genes in two experimental conditions. The stringency level of gene selection was associated simultaneously with the p-value of expression variation and the occurrence rate parameter associated with the percentage of donors whose transcriptomic profile is similar. Our method intertwines stringency level settings, biological data and a knowledge database to highlight molecular interactions using networks and pathways. Analysis performed during iterations helped us to select the optimal threshold required for the most pertinent selection of differentially expressed genes. Conclusions/Significance: We have applied this approach to the well documented mechanism of human macrophage response to lipopolysaccharide stimulation. We thus verified that our method was able to determine with the highest degree of accuracy the best threshold for selecting genes that are truly differentially expressed. © 2010 Chuchana et al.

Rojas-Rios P.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Chartier A.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Pierson S.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Severac D.,Montpellier Genomix | And 3 more authors.
Developmental Cell | Year: 2015

Drosophila Orb, the homolog of vertebrate CPEB, is a key translational regulator involved in oocyte polarity and maturation through poly(A) tail elongation of specific mRNAs. orb also has an essential function during early oogenesis that has not been addressed at the molecular level. Here, we show that orb prevents cell death during early oogenesis, thus allowing oogenesis to progress. It does so through the repression of autophagy by directly repressing, together with the CCR4 deadenylase, the translation of Autophagy-specific gene 12 (Atg12) mRNA. Autophagy and cell death observed in orb mutant ovaries are reduced by decreasing Atg12 or other Atg mRNA levels. These results reveal a role of Orb in translational repression and identify autophagy as an essential pathway regulated by Orb during early oogenesis. Importantly, they also establish translational regulation as a major mode of control of autophagy, a key process in cell homeostasis in response to environmental cues. Rojas-Ríos, Chartier et al. show that Orb, a protein involved in cytoplasmic polyadenylation, prevents autophagy during early oogenesis. Orb interacts with the CCR4 deadenylase and represses translation of mRNAs encoding Atg proteins, components of the autophagy machinery. This reveals mRNA regulation as an important mode of autophagy control. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.

Privat I.,Nestle | Bardil A.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development | Gomez A.B.,Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research | Severac D.,Montpellier Genomix | And 14 more authors.
BMC Genomics | Year: 2011

Background: Understanding the genetic elements that contribute to key aspects of coffee biology will have an impact on future agronomical improvements for this economically important tree. During the past years, EST collections were generated in Coffee, opening the possibility to create new tools for functional genomics.Results: The "PUCE CAFE" Project, organized by the scientific consortium NESTLE/IRD/CIRAD, has developed an oligo-based microarray using 15,721 unigenes derived from published coffee EST sequences mostly obtained from different stages of fruit development and leaves in Coffea Canephora (Robusta). Hybridizations for two independent experiments served to compare global gene expression profiles in three types of tissue matter (mature beans, leaves and flowers) in C. canephora as well as in the leaves of three different coffee species (C. canephora, C. eugenoides and C. arabica). Microarray construction, statistical analyses and validation by Q-PCR analysis are presented in this study.Conclusion: We have generated the first 15 K coffee array during this PUCE CAFE project, granted by Génoplante (the French consortium for plant genomics). This new tool will help study functional genomics in a wide range of experiments on various plant tissues, such as analyzing bean maturation or resistance to pathogens or drought. Furthermore, the use of this array has proven to be valid in different coffee species (diploid or tetraploid), drastically enlarging its impact for high-throughput gene expression in the community of coffee research. © 2011 Privat et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Durut N.,CNRS Plant Genome and Development Laboratory | Abou-Ellail M.,CNRS Plant Genome and Development Laboratory | Pontvianne F.,CNRS Plant Genome and Development Laboratory | Das S.,Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon | And 12 more authors.
Plant Cell | Year: 2014

In plants as well as in animals, hundreds to thousands of 45S rRNA gene copies localize in Nucleolus Organizer Regions (NORs), and the activation or repression of specific sets of rDNA depends on epigenetic mechanisms. Previously, we reported that the Arabidopsis thaliana nucleolin protein NUC1, an abundant and evolutionarily conserved nucleolar protein in eukaryotic organisms, is required for maintaining DNA methylation levels and for controlling the expression of specific rDNA variants in Arabidopsis. Interestingly, in contrast with animal or yeast cells, plants contain a second nucleolin gene. Here, we report that Arabidopsis NUC1 and NUC2 nucleolin genes are both required for plant growth and survival and that NUC2 disruption represses flowering. However, these genes seem to be functionally antagonistic. In contrast with NUC1, disruption of NUC2 induces CG hypermethylation of rDNA and NOR association with the nucleolus. Moreover, NUC2 loss of function triggers major changes in rDNA spatial organization, expression, and transgenerational stability. Our analyses indicate that silencing of specific rRNA genes is mostly determined by the active or repressed state of the NORs and that nucleolin proteins play a key role in the developmental control of this process. © 2014 American Society of Plant Biologists. All rights reserved.

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