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Murviel-lès-Montpellier, France

Bibault J.-E.,Oscar Lambret Comprehensive Cancer Center | Bibault J.-E.,Center Antoine Beclere | Leroy T.,Oscar Lambret Comprehensive Cancer Center | Leroy T.,Center Antoine Beclere | And 22 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2014

Purpose Social media and mobile technology are transforming the way in which young physicians are learning and practicing medicine. The true impact of such technologies has yet to be evaluated. Methods and Materials We performed a nationwide cross-sectional survey to better assess how young radiation oncologists used these technologies. An online survey was sent out between April 24, 2013, and June 1, 2013. All residents attending the 2013 radiation oncology French summer course were invited to complete the survey. Logistic regressions were performed to assess predictors of use of these tools in the hospital on various clinical endpoints. Results In all, 131 of 140 (93.6%) French young radiation oncologists answered the survey. Of these individuals, 93% owned a smartphone and 32.8% owned a tablet. The majority (78.6%) of the residents owning a smartphone used it to work in their department. A total of 33.5% had more than 5 medical applications installed. Only 60.3% of the residents verified the validity of the apps that they used. In all, 82.9% of the residents had a social network account. Conclusions Most of the residents in radiation oncology use their smartphone to work in their department for a wide variety of tasks. However, the residents do not consistently check the validity of the apps that they use. Residents also use social networks, with only a limited impact on their relationship with their patients. Overall, this study highlights the irruption and the risks of new technologies in the clinical practice and raises the question of a possible regulation of their use in the hospital. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

Riou O.,Montpellier Cancer Institute Val dAurelle | Serrano B.,Center Hospitalier Princesse Grace | Azria D.,Montpellier Cancer Institute Val dAurelle | Paulmier B.,Center Hospitalier Princesse Grace | And 6 more authors.
Radiation Oncology | Year: 2014

Background: To assess the feasibility and benefit of integrating four-dimensional (4D) Positron Emission Tomography (PET) - computed tomography (CT) for liver stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) planning.Methods: 8 patients with 14 metastases were accrued in the study. They all underwent a non-gated PET and a 4D PET centered on the liver. The same CT scan was used for attenuation correction, registration, and considered the planning CT for SBRT planning. Six PET phases were reconstructed for each 4D PET. By applying an individualized threshold to the 4D PET, a Biological Internal Target Volume (BITV) was generated for each lesion. A gated Planning Target Volume (PTVg) was created by adding 3 mm to account for set-up margins. This volume was compared to a manual Planning Target Volume (PTV) delineated with the help of a semi-automatic Biological Target Volume (BTV) obtained from the non-gated exam. A 5 mm radial and a 10 mm craniocaudal margins were applied to account for tumor motion and set-up margins to create the PTV.Results: One undiagnosed liver metastasis was discovered thanks to the 4D PET. The semi-automatic BTV were significantly smaller than the BITV (p = 0.0031). However, after applying adapted margins, 4D PET allowed a statistically significant decrease in the PTVg as compared to the PTV (p = 0.0052).Conclusions: In comparison to non-gated PET, 4D PET may better define the respiratory movements of liver targets and improve SBRT planning for liver metastases. Furthermore, non respiratory-gated PET exams can both misdiagnose liver metastases and underestimate the real internal target volumes. © 2014 Riou et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Jacot W.,Montpellier Cancer Institute Val dAurelle | Mollevi C.,Montpellier Cancer Institute Val dAurelle | Fina F.,Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Marseille | Lopez-Crapez E.,Montpellier Cancer Institute Val dAurelle | And 5 more authors.
BMC Cancer | Year: 2015

Background: Triple negative breast cancers (TNBC) are a more aggressive subset of breast cancer. A better understanding of its biology could allow the rational development of targeted therapies. Methods: We extensively analyzed the EGFR/PI3K/PTEN axis in a large, homogeneous population of TNBC to help defining the putative role of anti-EGFR and -PI3K targeted therapies in this setting. EGFR gene amplification, EGFR protein expression, PIK3CA and PTEN gene alterations (two members of EGFR downstream pathways) and their clinicopathological and prognostic implications were analyzed in 204 TNBC samples from European patients. Results: EGFR amplification was detected in 18 of the 204 TNBC specimens (8.9 %) and was significantly associated with higher EGFR protein levels. Fourteen PIK3CA mutations were identified in exon 9 (6.7 %), and 17 in exon 20 (8.3 %). PIK3CA mutations, especially in exon 9, were significantly associated with grade I-II tumors. PTEN deletions were detected in 43 samples (21.50 %) and were significantly associated with grade III tumors (p < 0.001). Univariate analysis showed a significant association between relapse-free survival (RFS), T and N stage and exon 9 PIK3CA mutations. Overall survival was significantly associated with T stage, N stage and adjuvant chemotherapy, which was administered to 70.3 % of patients. In multivariate analyses, T stage, N stage, presence of exon 9 PIK3CA mutations and high EGFR protein level were independent poor prognostic factors for RFS, while adjuvant chemotherapy was associated with a better outcome. Conclusions: High EGFR protein expression and exon 9 PIK3CA activating mutations are independent prognostic factors in TNBC. The efficacy of anti-PI3K targeted therapies needs to be evaluated in this setting. © 2015 Jacot et al.

Tetreau R.,Montpellier Cancer Institute Val dAurelle | Llacer C.,Montpellier Cancer Institute Val dAurelle | Riou O.,Montpellier Cancer Institute Val dAurelle | Deshayes E.,Montpellier Cancer Institute Val dAurelle
Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy | Year: 2015

Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has developed over the last few years for the treatment of primary and metastatic hepatic tumors. The tumoral and adjacent peritumoral modifications caused by this radiosurgery limit the evaluation of response by anatomic imaging and dimensional criteria alone, such as with RECIST. This suggests that it is of interest to also take into account the residual enhancement and hyper metabolism of these hepatic targets. We have reviewed the English language literature regarding the response of hepatic lesions treated by SBRT, and found that only seven articles were specifically concerned with this problem.The response of the hepatocellular carcinoma after SBRT has been studied specifically with multiphase enhanced CT-scan. Criteria set by the European Association of Study of the Liver better estimate response at each time point of follow up than RECIST does. Non-enhancement, reflecting tumor necrosis, is additionally an early indicator of response with extended response in time and a best non-enhancement percentage is observed at 12 months. The response after treatment by SBRT of cholangiocarcinoma has not yet generated a specific report.Use of RECIST criteria is also inadequate in the evaluation of response after SBRT for hepatic metastases. Response of liver metastases to SBRT is better assessed with a combination of size and enhancement pattern. The occurrence of a lobulated enhancement during follow up is efficient to predict local progression in a specific, reproducible, and sensitive way. Patients with FDG-avid hepatic metastases are also better evaluated with PET-CT and functional criteria than routine imaging and metric evaluation alone. © 2015 Greater Poland Cancer Centre.

Rouanet P.,Montpellier Cancer Institute Val dAurelle | Roger P.,Montpellier Cancer Institute Val dAurelle | Rousseau E.,Montpellier Cancer Institute Val dAurelle | Thibault S.,Montpellier Cancer Institute Val dAurelle | And 9 more authors.
Cancer medicine | Year: 2014

The management of pT1a-bN0M0 breast cancer remains an area of controversy. Data from 714 patients classified as having pT1a-bN0M0 breast cancer and treated, from 1999 to 2004 in the Languedoc-Roussillon France, were analyzed. The human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status analyses were centralized. The objective of this study was to describe the prognosis of pT1a-bN0M0 breast cancer according to HER2 distribution and hormonal status. The median follow-up was 6.4 years. Ten-year overall survival was 94%. HER2 overexpression was observed in 6.1% of the patients. The 10-year prognosis of patients with HER2-positive tumors was worse than that of those with HER2-negative (disease-free survival 73% vs. 89%, P < 0.0001). Tumor size (T1a/T1b) was not a relevant prognostic factor. The co-expression of HER2 with hormonal receptors (HR) was associated with high recurrence at 10 years. In both univariate and multivariate analyses, the most relevant prognostic factor for this population was HER2 amplification. In multivariate analysis, patients with HER2-positive tumors had higher risk of mortality (HR, 3.89; 95% CI, 1.58-9.56). In pT1a-bN0M0 breast cancers, HER2 amplification or overexpression is a risk factor for recurrence. In HER2-positive breast cancers, HR expression is associated with a poor prognosis despite the hormone therapy. For this population, a personalized management may be required. © 2014 The Authors. Cancer Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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